Lot (department)

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Lot
Department
Cahors - Préfecture du Lot
Prefecture building of the Lot department, in Cahors
Flag of Lot
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lot in France
Coordinates: 44°35′N 02°35′E / 44.583°N 2.583°E / 44.583; 2.583Coordinates: 44°35′N 02°35′E / 44.583°N 2.583°E / 44.583; 2.583
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Cahors
Subprefectures Figeac
Gourdon
Government
 • President of the General Council Serge Rigal
Area[1]
 • Total 5,217 km2 (2,014 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 174,754
 • Rank 78th
 • Density 33.497/km2 (86.757/sq mi)
Demonym Lotois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-46
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 340

Lot (Occitan: Òlt) is a French department located in the Midi-Pyrénées region of southern France named after the Lot river. Its prefecture and largest city is Cahors.

History[change | change source]

Lot is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the old province of Quercy.

The new department had six districts: Cahors, Martel, Gourdon, Figeac, Montauban and Lazorte. The capital (now prefecture) was Cahors.[3]

In 1808, some of the original southeastern cantons were separated from it to form the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. It originally extended much farther to the south and included the city of Montauban.[1][3]

Geography[change | change source]

Lot is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region and has an area of 5,217 km2 (2,014 sq mi).

The department borders with 4 regions and 6 departments:

The Lot river crosses the department from east to west with numerous meanders. The Dordogne river flows through the northern part of the department.

There are seven natural regions in the department:[4]

  1. The Segala (northeast) occupies the eastern border of the Lot department. It is the part of the Massif Central that gets into the department and here is found the highest point of the Lot department in Labastide-du-Haut-Mont, with 783 m (2,569 ft) high.
  2. The Limargue (center east) separates the Segala from the Causses of Quercy. This narrow strip of land is found between the valleys of the Dordogne and Lot rivers. It is known as Terrefort around the city of Figeac.
  3. The Causses of Quency are several limestone plateaus crossed by the valleys of the Dordogne, Lot and Aveyron rivers. From north to south, they are the Causse of Martel, the Causse of Gramat and the Causse of Limogne.
  4. The Bouriane (west). This area is covered with an abundant vegetation and is very different from the near arid plateaus of the Causses.
  5. The Quercy Blanc (south) is formed by small white limestone plateaus along valleys where cereals, oilseeds (plants grown to produce vegetable oils), melons, plums and tobacco are grown.
  6. The Valley of the Lot river (south), with many vineyards and vegetable crops.
  7. The Valley of the Dordogne river (north), with its walnut groves and meadows.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Lot in Cahors. Lot is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 31 cantons and 340 communes (municipalities) in Lot.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Cahors Cahors 76,809   2,179   35.2 13 135
Figeac Figeac 53,871   1,550   34.8 9 120
Gourdon Gourdon 44,074   1,487   29.6 9 85
A Cahors chateau and vineyard
Notre-Dame-du-Puy church, at Figeac
Town Hall, Gourdon

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Lot are known, in French, as Lotois (women: Lotoises).[5]

Lot has a population, in 2011, of 174,754,[2] for a population density of 33.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Cahors, with 76,809 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Figeac and Gourdon, have respectively 53,871 and 44,074 inhabitants.[6]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Cahors (20,224). The subprefectures of Figeac and Gourdon have, respectively, 9,773 and 4,497 inhabitants.[6]

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

Célé river at Marcilhac
City Population
(2011)[6]
Arrondissement
Cahors 20,224 Cahors
Figeac 9,773 Figeac
Gourdon 4,497 Gourdon
Souillac 3,808 Gourdon
Saint-Céré 3,526 Figeac
Pradines 3,556 Cahors
Prayssac 2,496 Cahors
Puy-l'Évêque 2,052 Cahors
Biars-sur-Cère 1,923 Figeac

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Le Lot: Découvrir le territoire". Conseil général du Lot. http://www.lot.fr/cg_institution_suite.php?newsid=95. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique du Lot" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/46his.html. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  4. Guy Astruc (2003). "Un paysage hérité du sous-sol". Le Quercy sur le net. http://www.quercy.net/geologie/paysage.html. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  5. "Lot (46)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_lot_46.html. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Lot" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep46.pdf. Retrieved 18 May 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Lot department

Other websites[change | change source]