Gers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gers
Department
Prefecture building of the Gers department
Prefecture building of the Gers department, in Auch
Flag of Gers
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Gers in France
Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.65°N 0.583°E / 43.65; 0.583Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.65°N 0.583°E / 43.65; 0.583
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Auch
Subprefectures Condom
Mirande
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Pierre Pujol
Area[1]
 • Total 6,257 km2 (2,416 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 188,893
 • Rank 89th
 • Density 30.1891/km2 (78.189/sq mi)
Demonym Gersois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-32
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 463

The Gers (Gascon: Gers) is a department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in the southwest of France named after the Gers river.

History[change | change source]

The Gers is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

The new department had six districts: Auch, Lectoure, Condom, Nogaro, L'Isle-Jourdain and Mirande. The capital (now prefecture) was Auch.[3]

in 1808, part of the Gers department was transferred to the new Tarn-et-Garonne department'.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Summer in the Gers. In the background the Pyrenees.

The Gers is known for its hilly landscape and bastide villages. The Pyrenees are visible to the south.

The Gers is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region, and is the 34th French department in area with 6,257 km2 (2,416 sq mi).[1]

The department is surrounded by the departments:

The main rivers of the department are the Garonne and the Gers, a left tributary of the Garonne. Other rivers are Save, Gimone, Arrats, Baïse and Osse.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the Gers is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[4]

The annual rainfall in the department varies from over 900 mm (35.4 in) in the southwest of the department, to less than 700 mm (27.6 in) in the northeast (Auch, Condom and Lectoure).

Summers are very hot and dry, the temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F). Winters vary, often with frost, but the climate remains mild and dry.

Climate data for Auch, Gers, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.9
(76.8)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
18.85
(65.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.3
(43.3)
13.41
(56.14)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12
(54)
9.1
(48.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.22)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40.3
(1.587)
31.6
(1.244)
37.8
(1.488)
61.4
(2.417)
84.6
(3.331)
68.4
(2.693)
58.8
(2.315)
64.3
(2.531)
75
(2.95)
72.1
(2.839)
54.6
(2.15)
43.1
(1.697)
692
(27.244)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Gers in Auch. The Gers is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 31 cantons and 463 communes (municipalities) in the Gers.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Auch Auch 85,153   2,134   39.9 12 154
Condom Condom 65,506   2,437   26.9 11 159
Mirande Mirande 38,234   1,686   22.7 8 150
The old town, Auch.
Monument to Four Musketeers in Condom.
Town hall, Mirande.

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Gers are known, in French, as Gersois (women: Gersoises).[5]

The Gers has a population, in 2011, of 188,893,[2] for a population density of 30.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Auch, with 85,153 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Condom and Mirande, have respectively 65,506 and 38,234 inhabitants.[6]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Auch (21,871). The subprefectures of Condom and Mirande have, respectively, 6,925 and 3,667 inhabitants.[6]

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

City Population
(2011)[6]
Arrondissement
Auch 21,871 Auch
L'Isle-Jourdain 7,356 Auch
Condom 6,925 Condom
Fleurance 6,292 Condom
Éauze 4,020 Condom
Lectoure 3,776 Condom
Mirande 3,667 Mirande
Gimont 2,817 Auch
Pavie 2,402 Auch

Economy[change | change source]

The economy in the Gers revolves primarily around agriculture and culinary tourism. The department is a producer of maize, wheat, rapeseed, sunflower.

Some well-known products of the region are:

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Departments of France – Gers". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique du Gers" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/32his.html. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  4. "Auch, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598817&cityname=Auch%2C+Midi-Pyr%E9n%E9es%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  5. "Gers (32)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_gers_32.html. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Gers" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep32.pdf. Retrieved 2 April 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Gers department

Other websites[change | change source]