Auch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Auch

Auch1.jpg
Cathedral in the town centre
Coat of arms of Auch
Coat of arms
Auch is located in France
Auch
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Gers
Arrondissement Auch
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality Grand Auch
Mayor Franck Montaugé (PS)
(2008-2014)
Statistics
Elevation 115–281 m (377–922 ft)
(avg. 166 m/545 ft)
Land area1 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi)
Population2 21,871  (2011)
 - Density 302 /km2 (780 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 32013/ 32000
Website www.pau.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°38′47″N 0°35′08″E / 43.6465°N 0.5855°E / 43.6465; 0.5855

Auch (Gascon: Aush or Aux) is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Midi-Pyrénées, it is the prefecture (capital) of the Gers department. It is also the capital of 4 cantons: Auch-Nord-Est, Auch-Nord-Ouest, Auch-Sud-Est-Seissan and Auch-Sud-Ouest

Auch is the historical capital of Gascony and the people of this city are known, in French, as auscitain (women: auscitaines).[1]

History[change | edit source]

Auch in 1883

Auch is a very ancient town. The name of Auch comes from the people that inhabited the area at the time of the Roman conquest. The name of this tribe was Ausci, singular Auscus.

The Romans named the town where that tribe lived as Augusta Auscorum (or Augusta Ausciorum), which means "Augusta of the Ausci". Eventually, Augusta was dropped, and the name changed into modern Gascon Aush, and modern French Auch.

Geography[change | edit source]

The old city

Auch is located in the southwest of France, in Armagnac (Gascony), in the valley of the the Gers river, and extends along the sides of the river that gives its name to the department.

The river splits the city in two parts:

  1. The Upper Town (French: Haute-Ville), on a small hill on the right side of the river. It is medieval city with narrow streets with stairs and where most of the old monuments are found.
  2. The Lower Town (French: Basse-Ville), on a plain on the left side of the river.

The commune is, in straight line, at 75 km (47 mi) from the Pyrenees, 1,505 km (935 mi) from the Bay of Biscay, 160 km (99 mi) from Bordeaux, 70 km (43 mi) from Toulouse, 85 km (53 mi) from Pau.

It has an area of 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 166 m (545 ft). With a population of 21,871;[2] its population density is of 301.8 inhabitants/km2.

Climate[change | edit source]

The climate of the department is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[3]

The average temperature for the year in Auch is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.9 °C (42.6 °F).

The highest recorded temperature in Auch is 40.9 °C (105.6 °F), which was recorded in August. The lowest recorded temperature in Auch is −20 °C (−4 °F), which was recorded in January.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Auch is 690.9 mm (27.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 83.8 mm (3.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[3]

Climate data for Auch, Gers, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.9
(76.8)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
18.85
(65.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.3
(43.3)
13.41
(56.14)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12
(54)
9.1
(48.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.22)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40.3
(1.587)
31.6
(1.244)
37.8
(1.488)
61.4
(2.417)
84.6
(3.331)
68.4
(2.693)
58.8
(2.315)
64.3
(2.531)
75
(2.95)
72.1
(2.839)
54.6
(2.15)
43.1
(1.697)
692
(27.244)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Places of interest[change | edit source]

Auch Cathedral, west front

A city founded by the Romans, Auch had its period of power during the Middle Ages when it was the capital of the old province of Gascony. The high quality of the limestone is an important component of its main monuments and buildings like its cathedral.

Some of these places of interest are:

  • Cathédrale Sainte-Marie d'Auch (St Mary's Cathedral). This cathedral took 200 years to construct, from the 15th – 17th centuries.
  • Hôtel de ville (City hall).
  • Tour d'Armagnac (Tower of Armagnac). An ancient prison from the 14th century.
  • Escalier monumental (Monumental Staircase). 370 steps built in 1863.
  • Musée des Jacobins
  • Pont de la Treille

Gallery[change | edit source]

Sister cities[change | edit source]

Auch is twinned with:

References[change | edit source]

Related pages[change | edit source]

Arrondissements of the Gers department

Other websites[change | edit source]