European Union member state

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The member states of the European Union highlighted in light brown.

A European Union member state is any one of the twenty-eight countries that have joined the European Union (EU) since it was found in 1958 as the European Economic Community (EEC). From an original membership of six states, there have been five successive enlargements. The largest happened on May 1, 2004, when ten member states joined.

Following the addition of Croatia in 2013, the EU's membership now stands at twenty-eight. Negotiations are also under way with other states. The process of enlargement is sometimes referred to as European integration. However, this term is also used to refer to the intensification of cooperation between EU member states as national governments allow for the gradual centralising of power within European institutions. Before being allowed to join the European Union, a state must fulfill the economic and political conditions generally known as the Copenhagen criteria: these basically require that a candidate member state must enjoy a secular, democratic system of government, together with the corresponding freedoms and institutions, and respect the rule of law. Under the terms of the Treaty on European Union, enlargement of the Union is conditional upon the agreement of each existing member state as well as approval by the European Parliament.

Bulgaria and Romania make up the second part of the EU's fifth enlargement, and joined the EU on 1 January 2007. This date was agreed upon at the Thessaloniki Summit in 2003, confirmed at Brussels on 18 June 2004, and affirmed by the country reports of October 2004 and the final report delivered on 26 September 2006. Bulgaria and Romania signed their Treaty of Accession on 25 April 2005 at a ceremony held at Neumünster Abbey in Luxembourg.

List of members[change | change source]

The European flag flies outside Leeds Town Hall in Leeds, England.
Flag State Official name Accession Population Capital MEPs
Austria Austria Republic of Austria 00001-01-1995 January 1995 1 &&&&&&&&08169929.&&&&&08,169,929 Vienna 18
Belgium Belgium Kingdom of Belgium 00025-03-1957 March 1957 25 &&&&&&&010274595.&&&&&010,274,595 Brussels 24
Bulgaria Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria 00001-01-2007 January 2007 1 &&&&&&&&07679290.&&&&&07,679,290 Sofia 18
Croatia Croatia Republic of Croatia 00001-07-2013 July 2013 1 &&&&&&&&04290612.&&&&&04,290,612 Zagreb 12
Republic of Cyprus Cyprus Republic of Cyprus 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&&0835000.&&&&&0835,000 Nicosia 6
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&010256760.&&&&&010,256,760 Prague 24
Denmark Denmark Kingdom of Denmark 00001-01-1973 January 1973 12 &&&&&&&&05368854.&&&&&05,368,854 Copenhagen 14
Estonia Estonia Republic of Estonia 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&01415681.&&&&&01,415,681 Tallinn 6
Finland Finland Republic of Finland 00001-01-1995 January 1995 1 &&&&&&&&05157537.&&&&&05,157,537 Helsinki 14
France France French Republic 00025-03-1957 March 1957 25 &&&&&&&059765983.&&&&&059,765,983 Paris 78
Germany Germany Federal Republic of Germany 00025-03-1957 March 1957 251 &&&&&&&083251851.&&&&&083,251,851 Berlin 99
Greece Greece Hellenic Republic 00001-01-1981 January 1981 1 &&&&&&&010645343.&&&&&010,645,343 Athens 24
Hungary Hungary Republic of Hungary 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&010075034.&&&&&010,075,034 Budapest 24
Republic of Ireland Ireland Ireland 00001-01-1973 January 1973 1 &&&&&&&&04234925.&&&&&04,234,925 Dublin 13
Italy Italy Italian Republic 00025-03-1957 March 1957 25 &&&&&&&058751711.&&&&&058,751,711 Rome 78
Latvia Latvia Republic of Latvia 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&02366515.&&&&&02,366,515 Riga 9
Lithuania Lithuania Republic of Lithuania 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&03382041.&&&&&03,382,041 Vilnius 13
Luxembourg Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 00025-03-1957 March 1957 25 &&&&&&&&&0448569.&&&&&0448,569 Luxembourg 6
Malta Malta Republic of Malta 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&&0397499.&&&&&0397,499 Valletta 5
Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands 00025-03-1957 March 1957 25 &&&&&&&016318199.&&&&&016,318,199 Amsterdam 27
Poland Poland Republic of Poland 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&038625478.&&&&&038,625,478 Warsaw 54
Portugal Portugal Portuguese Republic 00001-01-1986 January 1986 1 &&&&&&&010084245.&&&&&010,084,245 Lisbon 24
Romania Romania Romania 00001-01-2007 January 2007 1 &&&&&&&021698181.&&&&&021,698,181 Bucharest 35
Slovakia Slovakia Slovak Republic 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&05422366.&&&&&05,422,366 Bratislava 14
Slovenia Slovenia Republic of Slovenia 00001-05-2004 May 2004 1 &&&&&&&&01932917.&&&&&01,932,917 Ljubljana 7
Spain Spain Kingdom of Spain 00001-01-1986 January 1986 1 &&&&&&&044708964.&&&&&044,708,964 Madrid 54
Sweden Sweden Kingdom of Sweden 00001-01-1995 January 1995 1 &&&&&&&&09090113.&&&&&09,090,113 Stockholm 19
United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00001-01-1973 January 1973 1 &&&&&&&060201000.&&&&&060,201,000 London 78

1 On October 3, 1990, the states of the former German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Rebulic of Germany, automatically becoming part of the EU.
2 Greenland left the Community in 1985.