|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1160s 1170s 1180s – 1190s – 1200s 1210s 1220s|
|Years:||1189 1190 1191 – 1192 – 1193 1194 1195|
|Ab urbe condita||1945|
|Balinese saka calendar||1113–1114|
|English Regnal year||3 Ric. 1 – 4 Ric. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
3888 or 3828
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
3889 or 3829
|- Vikram Samvat||1248–1249|
|- Shaka Samvat||1113–1114|
|- Kali Yuga||4292–4293|
|Japanese calendar||Kenkyū 3|
|Minguo calendar||720 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1503/1504 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1734–1735|
1318 or 937 or 165
— to —
1319 or 938 or 166
1192 (MCXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1192nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 192nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 12th century, and the 3rd year of the 1190s decade.
Events[change | change source]
- The Third Crusade ends in disaster. Richard I of England and Saladin negotiate visiting rights for pilgrims to come to the Holy City of Jerusalem.
- Richard I of England taken hostage by Leopold V of Austria.
- Minamoto no Yoritomo granted title of shogun, thereby officially establishing the first shogunate in the history of Japan.
- Enrico Dandolo becomes Doge of Venice.
- Marco Polo Bridge, or Lugouqiao, completed in Beijing.
Births[change | change source]
- September 17 — Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1219)
- Giorgi IV Lasha, King of Georgia (d. 1223)
- Stefan Radoslav, King of Serbia (d. 1234)
Deaths[change | change source]
- April 26 — Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)
- April 28 — Conrad of Montferrat, King of Jerusalem (b. mid-1140s)
- May 5 — Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
- August 25 — Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
- Kilij Arslan II, Sultan of Rüm
Heads of states[change | change source]
- England — Richard I King of England (reigned 1189–1199)
- France — Philippe II, Auguste King of France (reigned 1180–1223)
- Germany — Henry VI Holy Roman Emperor (1191–1197) and King of Germany (1190–1197)
- Pope — Celestine III (pope 1191–1198)
- China — Emperor Guangzong of Song, 12th emperor of Song China (宋光宗) (reigned 1189–1194)