Bernard Lown (born June 7, 1921) is a Lithuanian-born American cardiologist and anti-nuclear war activist. He is the original developer of the DC defibrillator and the cardioverter, as well as a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Lown developed the direct current defibrillator for cardiac resuscitation and the cardioverter for correcting rapid disordered heart rhythms, and introduced a new use for the drug lidocaine to control heartbeat disturbances. Throughout his medical career, Lown focused on two major medical challenges: the problem of sudden cardiac death and the role of psychological stress on the cardiovascular system. His investigations led to many medical break-throughs.
His work made possible and safe much of modern cardiac surgery, as well as a host of other innovations.
In 1985, Lown accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, an organization he co-founded with Soviet cardiologist Dr. Yevgeny Chazov, who later was Minister Of Health of the USSR.
Lown was born to a Jewish family in Utena, Lithuania, the son of a rabbi. He was raised in Lewiston, Maine. Lown studied at the University of Maine and at Johns Hopkins University. He is married to Louise Lown. They have three children.
References[change | change source]
- [Bernard Lown Interviewed by Peter Tishler http://videocenter.brighamandwomens.org/files/dmfile/Lown_Bernard.pdf], September 2011
- The Catholic Church in World Politics, By Eric O. Hanson, Princeton University Press, 14 Jul 2014, page 420
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernard Lown (cardiologist).|
- Dr. Bernard Lown's Official Website
- The Lown Cardiovascular Research Foundation
- A Heart Doctor With an Extra Big Heart
- Prescription for Survival -- interview from the public radio program "Living On Earth"
- The Lost Art of Healing -- interview from the public radio program "Humankind"
- Bernard Lown papers, 1933-2033 (inclusive, 1960-1995 (bulk), HMS c300. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Center for the History of Medicine, Harvard Medical School