||This article may have too many red links. (February 2015)|
Jenner visiting the United Nations, December 2015
|Born||William Bruce Jenner
October 28, 1949
Mt. Kisco, New York, U.S.
|Residence||Malibu, California, U.S.|
|Other names||Bruce Jenner|
|Education||Newtown High School|
|Alma mater||Graceland University|
|Television||Keeping Up with the Kardashians|
|Spouse(s)||Chrystie Crownover (m. 1972–81)
Linda Thompson (m. 1981–86)
Kris Houghton (m. 1991–2015)
After her Olympic career, her professional career changed into being a television celebrity. By 1981, she had starred in several television movies. Since 2007, she is best known for the reality television program Keeping Up with the Kardashians. She is the stepmother of the Kardashian sisters.
In 2015, Jenner came out as transgender. In June 2015, Jenner had completed her transition and changed her name to Caitlyn Jenner.
Early life[change | change source]
Jenner is from Mount Kisco, New York. She studied at Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut,. Jenner got a football scholarship to Graceland College (now Graceland University) in Iowa. A knee injury caused her to stop playing football. She changed to the decathlon. Jenner first decathlon was at the Drake Relays in 1970. She finished in fifth place.
Olympic career[change | change source]
Jenner placed third in the decathlon at the 1972 U.S. Olympic trials. She finished in tenth place at the 1972 Munich games. Because she did so well in getting to the Olympics, she chose focus her time almost entirely on training. She sold insurance when not training. In the years before professionalism was allowed in athletics, this kind of full-time training was unusual. During that time, she spent eight hours a day at the San Jose City College track. San Jose at the time was a main place for training Olympic athletes. Millard Hampton, Andre Phillips, John Powell, Mac Wilkins, Al Feuerbach and others also trained there. In 1974 and 1976, Jenner was the American champion in the decathlon.
At the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, she won the gold medal in the Decathlon. She set the world record of 8,618 points. Her record was broken by just 4 points by Daley Thompson in 1980. In 1985, the IAAF Decathlon scoring table was changed. Using the new table, Jenner's score was 8634 when comparing him to modern athletes. As of 2011, Jenner is #25 on the world all-time list and #9 on the American all-time list.
Jenner was a national hero due to winning the Olympic decathlon. She won the 1976 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Jenner was also the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year in 1976. She was made a part of the Olympic Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame, the Connecticut Sports Hall of Fame in 1994 and the United States National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1980.
Celebrity[change | change source]
In the 1970s, Olympic athletes were required to be amateur. They were not allowed to be paid as a sports celebrity. In 1972, three major Olympic sports (basketball, 100 meters and decathlon), were won by Soviet athletes. Winning the decathlon title made Jenner an American hero. After this, Jenner wanted to earn money because of her celebrity. If he did this, she could not take part in the Olympics again. She left his equipment in the stadium. She did not expect to ever use them again. Shortly after the Games, Jenner's picture was used on the front of Wheaties brand breakfast cereal as a "Wheaties champion." Since then, photographs of several hundred athletes have been used on the boxes. Jenner is one of only seven Wheaties "spokesmen." He was asked to go to the White House to meet with President Gerald R. Ford.
On November 22, 1977, Jenner went to San Francisco to testify in court against complaints that General Mills, the makers of Wheaties, had been using false advertising about her eating Wheaties. Jenner said that she liked the cereal and ate it two to three times per week. Two days later the court case was stopped.
Jenner decided to try for a television career. She had some success. Jenner starred in the television movies "The Golden Moment: An Olympic Love Story" (1980) and "Grambling's White Tiger" (1981). In 1981–82, she began acting on the police series CHiPs. She played the role of Officer Steve McLeish. She was a short time replacement for Erik Estrada. Estrada was in a contract dispute with NBC and MGM) at the time. Jenner was in a half-dozen episodes before Estrada returned.
Further TV appearances[change | change source]
Jenner has appeared as herself on many game shows and reality TV programs. In the early 1990s, she was the host of an infomercial for a stair-climbing exercise machine called the "Stair Climber Plus".
In January 2002, Jenner was in an episode of the American series of The Weakest Link. In February and March 2003, she was part of the cast of the American series of I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!. She made a cameo on a season three episode of The Apprentice in May 2005. She skated with Tai Babilonia for Skating with Celebrities in January–March 2006. Jenner has as also been a guest judge on Pet Star on Animal Planet, and appeared on NBC's game show Identity. She was also on Celebrity Family Feud with her family.
Keeping Up with the Kardashians[change | change source]
Since 2007, Jenner has been in the E! reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. She is on the series with her wife Kris Jenner, stepdaughters Kourtney, Kim, Khloé, and stepson Rob Kardashian and daughters Kylie and Kendall Jenner. The Kardashian members of the family are from Kris' marriage to attorney Robert Kardashian. Season two had an average of 1.6 million viewers.
Kardashians ended its fifth season on October 24, 2010. It had 4.1 million viewers at that time. This was less than record 4.8 million viewers for its fourth-season finale on February 28, 2010.
Personal life[change | change source]
When Jenner was a young child, she learned she had dyslexia. In an episode of the sitcom Silver Spoons, she told the Stratton family about her condition. This was after she retired from sports, built a successful career as a motivational speaker and television sports commentator.
On February 7, 2015, Jenner was involved in a multiple-vehicle collision on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, California. The accident caused one death, and eight others were injured. Jenner was able to walk away from the accident.
On September 23, 2013, Jenner said that she underwent surgery of her nose skin because of cancer.
Transgender[change | change source]
In April 2015, Jenner publicly came out as transgender in a two-hour television interview. She said that she wants to be referred to with male pronouns while transitioning. Jenner will star in an eight-part documentary about her transition. It will be broadcast starting in July 2015. On June 1, 2015, Jenner revealed her new name, Caitlyn, and her use of female pronouns officially. Many news sources have described Jenner as the most famous openly transgender American.
Family[change | change source]
Jenner's first marriage was to Chrystie Crownover (December 15, 1972 – January 2, 1980). They had two children, Burton William "Burt" Jenner (born September 6, 1978) and daughter Cassandra Lynn "Casey" Jenner (born June 10, 1980). In 2009, Jenner became a grandmother to Francesca, her daughter Casey's first child.
Jenner's second marriage was from 1981–1985 to actress Linda Thompson. Their two sons Brandon Thompson (born June 4, 1981) and Brody (born August 21, 1983) appeared in their own reality show The Princes of Malibu. Brody was also on the reality show The Hills.
Jenner's third marriage was to Kris (née Houghton). After dating for five months, they married on April 21, 1991. Kris was previously married to lawyer Robert Kardashian. Jenner has two daughters with Kris, Kendall Nicole (born November 3, 1995) and Kylie Kristen (born August 10, 1997). During Jenner's third marriage, she was the stepfather of Kim, Khloé, Kourtney and Rob Kardashian.
Politics[change | change source]
In July 2017, Jenner announced that she was contemplating running in the 2018 race for the US Senate to represent California.
References[change | change source]
- Leibovitz, Annie (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Bruce Jenner. Novelguide. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Richard Hymans (2008) The History of the United States Olympic trials – Track and Field. USA Track and Field
- Athletics at the 1972 München Summer Games: Men's Decathlon | Olympics at. Sports-reference.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-06.
- Pearls of Wisdom: "Just Trust In Yourself and You'll Climb Every Hill". Swansgems.blogspot.com (2008-05-18). Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Bud Winter Biography, San Jose State University 1940–1970, Part 1. Speedendurance.com (2011-03-02). Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Bruce Jenner wins decathlon — History.com This Day in History — 7/30/1976. History.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- "USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions: Men's Decathlon". USA Track & Field. c. 2001–2009. Retrieved May 27, 2009. Check date values in:
- Decathlon All Time. iaaf.org. Updated 29/08/2011. Retrieved on 2011-09-06.
- "Report from court archives researched by Laura Perkins". SFGate.com. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Cristina Kinon, "E! renews 'Keeping Up With the Kardashians'," NYdailynews.com, November 13, 2007". Nydailynews.com. November 13, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- By (July 17, 2008). "Daniel Frankel, "'Kardashians' gets third season," DailyVariety.com, July 13, 2008". Variety.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Dec 21, 2009 03:04 PM (December 21, 2009). "No byline, "Kardashians overthrow Anna Nicole Smith," THRfeed.com, December 22, 2009". Thrfeed.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Kristin dos Santos, "Five Shows are Doing Better Than You Think'," Eonline.com, October 26, 2010". Eonline.com. October 26, 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Eric Davis Freelance Web Designs, http://www.emdavis.com/freelance. "Bruce Jenner Aviation website". Brucejenneraviation.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Schwarz, Hunter (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner said he’s Republican. Only 21 percent of LGBT Americans are." (in en-US). The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2015/04/24/bruce-jenner-said-hes-republican-only-21-percent-of-lgbt-americans-are/.
- Silverstein, Jason (April 25, 2015). "Bruce Jenner admits to being Republican during '20/20' interview, shocking some on social media". Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/bruce-jenner-admits-republican-interview-article-1.2198498.
- "Bruce Jenner confirms skin cancer surgery". USA Today. September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Slonik, Daniel. "Bruce Jenner Says He Identifies as a Woman". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
For the purpose of the interview, Mr. Jenner said she preferred the pronoun “he,” and Ms. Sawyer called him Bruce.
- Leibovitz, Annie (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Milliken, Mary (April 25, 2015). "Olympian Bruce Jenner makes transgender history by identifying as a woman". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/25/us-people-brucejenner-interview-idUSKBN0NG02P20150425. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Bruce Jenner on living as a woman". BBC News. April 25, 2015. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-32460974. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Ford, Matt (April 25, 2015). "Bruce Jenner, Transgender American". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Fame Woes", by Nancy Faber, April 11, 1977, People, Vol. 7 No. 14. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- Bob Ottum (November 3, 1980). "''Hey, Mister Fantasy Man'', Sports Illustrated, 3 November 1980". Vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Jenner-Kardashian The Day (newspaper published April 23, 1991, page A2)
- Baker, Ken; Finn, Natalie (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner Are Separated, "Much Happier" Living Apart". E Online. http://ca.eonline.com/news/468068/kris-jenner-and-bruce-jenner-are-separated-much-happier-living-apart. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Takeda, Allison (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner, Bruce Jenner Separate After 22 Years of Marriage: "I Will Always Love Him"". Us Weekly. http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/kris-jenner-bruce-jenner-separate-after-22-years-of-marriage-i-will-always-love-him-2013810. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Sullivan, Bartholomew D (July 16, 2017). "Caitlyn Jenner mulling California Senate run". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2017/07/16/caitlyn-jenner-mulling-california-senate-run/482654001/.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caitlyn Jenner.|
- Official site
- Caitlyn Jenner at the Internet Movie Database
- IAAF profile for Caitlyn Jenner
- Wheaties spokesperson
- Jenner Communications
- Bruce Jenner's U.S. Olympic Team bio
- USATF Hall of Fame bio
|Men's decathlon world record holder
August 10, 1975 – May 15, 1980