Five Pillars of Islam
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- The Shahadah (Declaration of faith) - Trusting and understanding the words of the Shahadah. "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammed (SAW) is the final messenger."
- Prayer (Salah) - Praying five times a day, kneeling towards Mecca. There are specific ritualistic movements and prayers that are said.
- Charity or almsgiving (Zakat) - Each year a Muslim should give money to charity (Usually 2.5% of their savings). If a person does not have much money, they can do other things instead.
- Fasting during the month of Ramadan (Sawm)
- A pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) - Muslims should go to Mecca on a pilgrimage. They should do this at least once in their lives. A person does not have to make this pilgrimage if they cannot afford to, or they are physically unable to (Though they can get someone else to go on their behalf).
References[change | change source]
- "Pillars of Islam". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/295625/Pillars-of-Islam. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- "Five Pillars". United Kingdom: Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/faithpillars.html. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- "The Five Pillars of Islam". Canada: University of Calgary. http://people.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/I_Transp/IO5_FivePillars.html. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- Hooker, Richard (July 14, 1999). "arkan ad-din the five pillars of religion". United States: Washington State University. http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/5PILLARS.HTM. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- "Religions". The World Factbook. United States: Central Intelligence Agency. 2010. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2122.html. Retrieved 2011-03-09.