Ford Motor Company

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Ford Motor Company
Type Public
Industry Automotive
When it was created June 16, 1903
Headquarters United States Dearborn, Michigan
Key people Henry Ford, founder
William C. Ford, Jr. (Executive Chairman)
Mark Fields (President & CEO)
Things made Automobiles, Commercial Vehicles, Luxury Vehicles, Automobile Parts
Services Automotive Finance, Vehicle Leasing, Vehicle Service
Money earned decreaseUS$144.1 billion (2014)
Operating income decreaseUS$4.342 billion (2014)
Net income decreaseUS$3.187 billion (2014)
Owner(s) Ford Family (2%)
Employees 187, 000 (2014)
Subsidiaries Ford Credit, Ford itself, Lincoln, Mercury, Motorcraft
Website Ford.com

The Ford Motor Company (often known as Ford) is an American company that makes vehicles. This company is named after its founder, Henry Ford.

These brands are also made by Ford:

History[change | change source]

In 1896, Henry Ford had an idea to make a Quadricycle, the first "horseless carriage" he built. This four-wheeled vehicle was very different from cars we drive now. It was very different even from vehicles Ford produced just a few years later. Even so, this was the start of Ford's career as a businessman. Until the Quadricycle, Ford's work had been experimental and theoretical. For example, in the 1890's, Ford built a gas engine on his kitchen table — just an engine with nothing to power. Enough people liked the Quadricycle, and much could be done with the it, so it led to the beginning of Ford's business.

Ford Motor Company started on June 16, 1903, when Henry Ford and 11 business helpers signed papers to form the company. Their first Ford production car, the Model A, was sold in Detroit, Michigan a few months later. (This Model A should not be confused with their more famous Model A, which came out in 1927). With $280,000 (around 165 000 pounds), the early businessmen made what was to become one of the world's largest companies. Few companies changed the history and development of industry and society in the 20th century as much as Ford Motor Company.

Mass production on the line[change | change source]

Ford Motor Company's most important contribution to automotive manufacturing was the (moving) assembly line. First implemented at the Highland Park plant (in Michigan, US) in 1913, this new method let each workers to stay in one place, to do the same job repeatedly as the vehicles went by on the assembly line. The line proved to be very efficient; it helped the company make more cars, and make them cheaper than other car companies could do at the time. Before using the assembly line, Ford made 12,000 Model T's in a year. With the assembly line, Ford could make 12,000 Model T's in just two days. Ford had discovered how to make more cars that more people could afford to buy. He even paid his workers higher salaries than other car companies and still made money.

Early growth[change | change source]

Henry Ford insisted that the company's future lay in the production of affordable cars for a mass market. In 1903, the company began using the first 19 letters of the alphabet to name new cars. In 1908, the Model T was born, and it was sold for 19 years. By selling 15 million Model T's, Ford Motor Company became a giant company which spanned the globe. They built plants in the Soviet Union, Japan and other places. Ford started making farm tractors, trucks and school buses. In 1925, Ford Motor Company bought the Lincoln Motor Company. It uses that name to build luxury cars. In the 1930's, the name "Mercury" was given to its mid-priced cars. Ford Motor Company was growing.

British Models[change | change source]

A British Ford dealership in Wetherby, West Yorkshire.

The 1920s

  • Model A

The 1930s


1932 Ford Model B Coup

  • Model B
  • Ford Rheinland
  • Ford V8
  • Ford Taunus

The 1950s

  • Ford 12M '52 - '62
  • Ford 15M '55 - '59
  • Ford 17M '57 - '60

The 1960s

  • Ford P3
  • Ford P4
  • Ford P5
  • Ford P6
  • Ford P7
  • Ford Capri
  • Ford Transit

The 1970s

  • Ford Consul
  • Ford Taunus
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Granada
  • Ford Capri

The 1980s

  • Ford RS200
  • Ford Capri
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Orion
  • Ford RS200
  • Ford Sierra
  • Ford Scorpio

The 1990s

  • Ford Cougar buggatti
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Explorer
  • Ford Focus (2001 and 2002)
  • Ford Galaxy (VW Sharan and Seat Alhambra)
  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Maverick
  • Ford Mondeo
  • Ford Probe
  • Ford Puma
  • Ford Windstar

The 2000s

  • Ford Focus C-MAX
  • Ford Focus ST
  • Ford Fusion (British)
  • Ford StreetKa
  • Ford Transit Connect
  • Ford Tourneo Connect
  • Ford S-MAX
  • Ford Focus Cabriolet (2006)
  • Ford CUV (2007, )

American Models[change | change source]

Current

  • Ford E-Series Vans
  • Ford Edge
  • Ford Escape
  • Ford Escape Hybrid
  • Ford Expedition
  • Ford Explorer
  • Ford Explorer SportTrac
  • Ford F-Series Pickups
  • Ford F-Series Super Duty
  • Ford F-Series Commercial Truck
  • Ford Flex
  • Ford Focus Coupe (American)
  • Ford Focus Sedan (American)
  • Ford Fusion (American)
  • Ford Mustang
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Taurus X
  • Ford Transit Connect