Jocelyn Bell Burnell

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Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell cropped.jpg
Bell Burnell in 2009
Born
Susan Jocelyn Bell

(1943-07-15) 15 July 1943 (age 78)[1]
EducationThe Mount School, York
Alma mater
Known forDiscovering the first four pulsars[3]
Spouse(s)
Martin Burnell
(m. 1968; div. 1993)
ChildrenGavin Burnell
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsAstrophysics
Institutions
ThesisThe Measurement of radio source diameters using a diffraction method (1968)
Doctoral advisorAntony Hewish[4][5][6]
Influences
  • Fred Hoyle Frontiers of Astronomy (1955)
  • Henry Tillott[7] (her school physics teacher)
Websitewww2.physics.ox.ac.uk/contacts/people/bellburnell
Composite Optical/X-ray image of the Crab Nebula, showing synchrotron emission in the surrounding pulsar wind nebula. This is powered by the injection of magnetic fields and particles from the central pulsar

Dame Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell DBE FRS FRSE FRAS FInstP (/bɜːrˈnɛl/; born 15 July 1943) is a Northern Irish astrophysicist. Her discovery of radio pulsars has been called as "one of the most significant scientific achievements of the 20th Century".[9]

Her work was recognised by the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics to her thesis supervisor Antony Hewish[5][6] and to the astronomer Martin Ryle. Bell was excluded, despite having been the first to observe and precisely analyse the pulsars.[10]

Burnell won the 2018 Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.

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Her publications include:

  • Burnell, S. Jocelyn (1989). Broken for Life. Swarthmore Lecture. London: Quaker Home Service. ISBN 978-0-85245-222-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Riordan, Maurice; Burnell, S. Jocelyn (27 October 2008). Dark Matter: Poems of Space. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. ISBN 978-1-903080-10-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

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