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Lüneburg Town Hall
Lüneburg Town Hall
Coat of arms of Lüneburg
Coat of arms
Lüneburg is located in Germany
Location of Lüneburg within Lüneburg district
Lüneburg in LG.svg
Coordinates: 53°15′9″N 10°24′52″E / 53.25250°N 10.41444°E / 53.25250; 10.41444Coordinates: 53°15′9″N 10°24′52″E / 53.25250°N 10.41444°E / 53.25250; 10.41444
StateLower Saxony
 • Lord MayorUlrich Mädge (SPD)
 • Total70.34 km2 (27.16 sq mi)
17 m (56 ft)
 • Total74,072
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes04131
Vehicle registrationLG

Lüneburg is a city in Lower Saxony in north Germany. It is about 50km southeast of Hamburg. It is the capital of the District of Lüneburg. About 102,660 people live there.

The Ilmenau River, a tributary of the Elbe, flows through Lüneburg.

In medieval times the town was very rich due to the salt trade. Salt used to be transported along the Old Salt Route to the Baltic Sea from where it was sent by ship to other countries. There were salt mines near the town for a thousand years. Salt mining stopped in 1980. The salt mining caused a lot of deforestation. The countryside changed into heathland which is called the Lüneburger Heide (Lüneburg Heath).

On May 23, 1945 the Nazi war criminal Heinrich Himmler committed suicide in Lüneburg after he had been captured by the British Army. He swallowed a potassium cyanide capsule before his interrogation could begin.

Lüneburg is twinned with Scunthorpe, England.

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Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Lüneburg at Wikimedia Commons