Soest, Germany

Coordinates: 51°34′16″N 8°06′33″E / 51.57111°N 8.10917°E / 51.57111; 8.10917
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flag of Soest
Coat of arms of Soest
Location of Soest within Soest district
Soest is located in Germany
Soest is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°34′16″N 8°06′33″E / 51.57111°N 8.10917°E / 51.57111; 8.10917
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
 • MayorEckhard Ruthemeyer (CDU)
 • Total85.81 km2 (33.13 sq mi)
90 m (300 ft)
 • Total47,929
 • Density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes02921
Vehicle registrationSO
Imperial and Hanseatic City of Soest
Freie Hansestadt Soest
StatusImperial, Hanseatic City of the Holy Roman Empire
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Mentioned in
    Dagobertsche Schenkung
• Soest Feud to gain
    Reichsfreiheit from
    Abp Cologne
1444–49 1449
• Annexed by
    Brandenburg, with
    Cleves, on extinction
    of its ducal line
1609 1609
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Archbishopric of Cologne Archbishopric of Cologne
Margraviate of Brandenburg Margraviate of Brandenburg
St Patrokli Dom (St Patroclus's Cathedral), in Soest

Soest (pronounced [zo:st]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the capital of the Soest district.

Geography[change | change source]

Soest is along the Hellweg road, about 50 kilometres east of Dortmund and about 50 kilometres (31 miles) west of Paderborn.

Neighbouring places[change | change source]

History[change | change source]

Due to the fertile soil the area around Soest was used long before 836 when the village is first mentioned in the Dagobertsche Schenkung, although the origin of this document is historically unknown. But there is no doubt that Soest has been lived in for a long time; excavations in the last two decades have uncovered signs of people living in Soest more than 4000 years ago. In the 11th and 12th century Soest grew a lot, making it one of the biggest cities in Westphalia with some 10,000 citizens. It was also an important member of the Hanseatic League until 1609.

A self-confident Soest from 1444 to 1449 freed itself from the Bishop of Cologne, who controlled Westphalia (the so-called Soester Fehde). Being no longer capital of Westphalia, the city aligned itself with the Duke of Cleves. This was a Pyrrhic victory, however; the city had shown itself strong enough to defy the powerful Archbishop of Cologne, but lost much of its trade: the "freed" town was two-thirds surrounded by territories with other rulers. When the last Duke of Cleves died in 1609 that dukedom was taken by Brandenburg and after a short siege Soest was added into it. During and after the Thirty Years' War, Soest lossed a lot of people and influence; at the lowest point in 1756 it had only 3,600 citizens.

With the start of the Soest district in 1817 its influence slowly rose. However, the industrialization of the Ruhr area did not reach Soest, which continued to be a small city.

From about 1953 to 1971 there was a big garrison of Canadian soldiers and their families stationed at Soest (with the Canadian camps just east of the city in Bad Sassendorf) as well as Werl and Hemer-Iserlohn and Deilinghofen to the south west. There were also many Belgian Kasernes in Soest itself.

From 1971-1993 the old Canadian properties, such as the Married Quarters along Hiddingser Weg, south of the B-1, were used by British military and families. Upon the closing out of Belgian and British army facilities many of these military facilities either became used for civilian purposes or were not used again/destroyed. The old Married Quarters area was changed to civilian housing. The old CANEX (formerly MLS) (the Canadian Army's food and clothing store for dependent families) was changed to a NAAFI under the British and was finally demolished in 2006.

St Patroclus's Cathedral[change | change source]

In 960, Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne moved St Patroclus's relics from Troyes and buried them in 964 at St Patroclus's Cathedral in Soest, where he is still today honoured.

The Cathedral is a beautiful example of early medieval "Romanesque" architecture fashioned from the local greenish sandstone. Its big squared bell tower or steeple can be seen for many kilometers, rising up out of the city centre of the old city and a landmark of the Soester Boerde.

Coat of arms[change | change source]

The coat of arms shows a key, which is the symbol for Saint Peter, the patron of Cologne. The coat was not changed even after Soest no longer fell within the jurisdiction of Cologne.

Twin towns[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Soest at Wikimedia Commons