Languages of Russia

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There are many languages spoken in Russia. Russian, an East Slavic language is the national official language and the most common.

Regional official languages[change | change source]

Although Russian is the only official language of the Russian Federation, there are several other officially-recognized languages for areas within Russia. This is a list of languages that are official only in certain parts of Russia.

Language Language family Federal subject(s) Source
Abaza Northwest Caucasian Karachay-Cherkessia [1]
Adyghe Northwest Caucasian  Adygea [2]
Altai Turkic  Altai Republic [3][4]
Bashkir Turkic  Bashkortostan [5]
Buryat Mongolic  Buryatia [6]
Chechen Northeast Caucasian  Chechnya,  Dagestan [7]
Chuvash Turkic  Chuvashia [8]
Crimean Tatar Turkic Republic of Crimea[a] [9]
Erzya Uralic Mordovia [10]
Ingush Northeast Caucasian Ingushetia [11]
Kabardian Northwest Caucasian  Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia [1][12]
Kalmyk Mongolic  Kalmykia [13]
Karachay-Balkar Turkic  Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia [1][12]
Khakas Turkic Khakassia [14]
Komi-Zyrian Uralic Komi Republic [15]
Hill Mari, Meadow Mari Uralic Mari El [16]
Moksha Uralic Mordovia [10]
Nogai Turkic Karachay-Cherkessia,  Dagestan [1]
Ossetian Indo-European (Iranian) North Ossetia–Alania [17]
Tatar Turkic  Tatarstan [18]
Tuvan Turkic  Tuva [19]
Udmurt Uralic Udmurtia [20]
Ukrainian Indo-European (Slavic) Republic of Crimea[a] [9]
Yakut Turkic Sakha Republic [21]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Crimea joined the Russian Federation in 2014 by a vote. Most United Nations member states consider Crimea as part of Ukraine.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Статья 11. Конституция Карачаево-Черкесской Республики
  2. Статья 5. Конституция Республики Адыгея
  3. Статья 13. Конституция Республики Алтай
  4. Закон Республики Алтай - Глава I. Общие положения - Статья 4. Правовое положение языков [Law of the Republic of Altai - Chapter I. General provisions - Article 4. Legal status of languages] (in Russian). Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  5. Статья 1. Конституция Республики Башкортостан
  6. Статья 67. Конституция Республики Бурятия
  7. Статья 10. Конституция Чеченской Республики
  8. Статья 8. Конституция Чувашской Республики
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Constitution of the Republic of Crimea". Article 10 (in Russian). State Council, Republic of Crimea. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Статья 13. Конституции Республики Мордовия
  11. Статья 14. Конституция Республики Ингушетия
  12. 12.0 12.1 Статья 76. Конституция Кабардино-Балкарской Республики
  13. Статья 17. Степное Уложение (Конституция) Республики Калмыкия
  14. Статья 69. Конституция Республики Хакасия
  15. Статья 67. Конституция Республики Коми
  16. Статья 15. Конституция республики Марий Эл
  17. Статья 15. Конституция Республики Северная Осетия-Алания
  18. Статья 8. Конституция Республики Татарстан
  19. Статья 5. Конституция Республики Тыва
  20. Статья 8. Конституция Удмуртской Республики
  21. Статья 46. Конституция (Основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)