Millau

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Millau

MILLAU ,vue générale.jpg
General view of Millau
Coat of arms of Millau
Coat of arms
Millau is located in France
Millau
Administration
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Millau
Canton Millau-1
Millau-2
Intercommunality Millau Grands Causses
Mayor Christophe Saint-Pierre[1]
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 340–888 m (1,115–2,913 ft)
(avg. 379 m/1,243 ft)
Land area1 168.23 km2 (64.95 sq mi)
Population2 22,064  (2014)
 - Density 131 /km2 (340 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12145/ 12100
Website www.millau.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 44°05′55″N 3°04′42″E / 44.0986°N 3.0783°E / 44.0986; 3.0783

Millau is a commune in southern France, in the Aveyron department, region of Occitanie. It is the sous-prefecture (capital) of the arrondissement of the same name in the Aveyron department. It is also the capital of two cantons: Millau-1 and Millau-2.

The territory of the municipality is part of the Regional Natural Park of Grands Causses.[N 1]

History[change | change source]

During the first century, there was an important settlement where the Tarn and Dourbie rivers meet; this settlement, a couple of kilometres from the current city, was known because here there was an important centre of production of fine ceramics that were exported to many places of the Roman Empire.

Geography[change | change source]

The Tarn river at Millau

The town is in the valley of the Tarn river and is at the confluence of the Tarn and Dourbie rivers. The territory of the commune is in the Grand Causses over part of the Causse Rouge (to the east of the Lévézou plateau), the Causse du Larzac, and the Causse Noir.

The commune is at 641 km (398 mi) from Paris, 50 km (31 mi) from Rodez, 205 km (127 mi) from Marseille, 303 km (188 mi) from Bordeaux and 142 km (88 mi) from Toulouse.

Millau has an area of 168.2 km2 (64.9 sq mi),[2] and its average altitude in the city is 379 m (1,243 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 366 m (1,201 ft).[3]

The commune of Millau is surrounded by the communes Aguessac, Compeyre, Paulhe, Comprégnac, Creissels, Saint-Georges-de-Luzençon, Lapanouse-de-Cernon, La Cavalerie, Nant, La Cresse, La Roque-Sainte-Marguerite, Castelnau-Pégayrols, Saint-Beauzély y Verrières.[4]

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the Millau is subtropical with dry-summer, Csb (Mediterranean Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Millau is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.9 °C (67.8 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Millau is 731.5 mm (28.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 78.7 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).[5]

Climate data for Millau, Aveyron, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
7.3
(45.1)
10.8
(51.4)
13.5
(56.3)
17.7
(63.9)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.7
(69.3)
15.5
(59.9)
9.7
(49.5)
6.9
(44.4)
15.06
(59.11)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.9
(39)
6.7
(44.1)
9.1
(48.4)
13.2
(55.8)
16.9
(62.4)
19.9
(67.8)
19.6
(67.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.9
(53.4)
6.7
(44.1)
4.0
(39.2)
10.92
(51.65)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
4.7
(40.5)
8.6
(47.5)
11.9
(53.4)
14.3
(57.7)
14.1
(57.4)
11.1
(52)
8.3
(46.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.1
(34)
6.74
(44.14)
Rainfall mm (inches) 55.4
(2.181)
47.4
(1.866)
42.5
(1.673)
69.9
(2.752)
73.4
(2.89)
60.5
(2.382)
39.7
(1.563)
54.8
(2.157)
77.7
(3.059)
79.6
(3.134)
69.1
(2.72)
61.6
(2.425)
731.6
(28.803)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Millau are known, in French, as millavois (women: millavoises).[6]

With a population of 22,064,[7] Millau has a population density of 131 inhabitants/km2.

General view of Millau

Evolution of the population in Millau

Millau forms with Creissels the urban area of Millau with a population of 23,778 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 196.4 km2 (75.8 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Millau, formed by 13 communes with a population of 28,793 inhabitants and an area of 510.5 km2 (197.1 sq mi).[9]

Administration[change | change source]

Millau is a subprefecture of the Aveyron department, the capital of the arrondissement of Millau and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons

  • Millau-1, with 14,297 inhabitants (2014).
  • Millau-2, with 14,519 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Millau Grands Causses (French: Communauté de communes de Millau Grands Causses).

Sister cities[change | change source]

Millau is twinned with:

Millau viaduct[change | change source]

The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the valley of the Tarn river near Millau.

Gallery[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Causse is an Occitan word meaning "limestone plateau". The term is used in France mainly for plateaus in the Massif Central.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Conseil municipal" (in French). Ville de Millau. http://www.millau.fr/ma-mairie/conseils-municipaux/conseil-municipal/. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  2. "Commune de Millau (12145)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-12145. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  3. "Millau". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Millau-12100/. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  4. "Ville de Millau" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-millau.html. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  5. "Millau, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=85570&cityname=Millau%2C+Midi-Pyr%E9n%E9es%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  6. "Millau" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_millau_12145.html. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep12.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  8. "Unité urbaine de Millau (12401)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-12401. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  9. "Aire urbaine de Millau (202)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-202. Retrieved 17 March 2017.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]