Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
• as the OEECa
|16 April 1948|
• reformed as the OECD
|30 September 1961|
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation of countries. Member countries of OECD all have a democratic system of government. They also accept the principle of a free economy. A country has a free economy when its government does not control the economic activities of its citizens and companies.
The OECD started 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). The Second World War had just ended three years before in 1945. Some countries of Europe came together to form OEEC to help each other re-build their industry and other things destroyed in the Second World War. Later on, some non-European countries also joined this organisation. In 1960, OEEC changed its name, and it became OECD: the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Secretaries General[change | change source]
|No.||Secretary-General||Time served||Country of origin||Notes|
|1||Thorkil Kristensen||30 September 1961 – 30 September 1969||Denmark|
|2||Emiel van Lennep||1 October 1969 – 30 September 1984||Netherlands|
|3||Jean-Claude Paye||1 October 1984 – 30 September 1994||France|
|—||Staffan Sohlman (interim)||1 October 1994 – November 1994||Sweden|||
|3||Jean-Claude Paye||November 1994 – 31 May 1996||France|||
|4||Donald Johnston||1 June 1996 – 31 May 2006||Canada|
|5||José Ángel Gurría||1 June 2006 – 31 May 2021||Mexico|||
|6||Mathias Cormann||1 June 2021 – present||Australia|||
Members[change | change source]
OECD has thirty-eight member countries, of which 19 became members in 1961. These countries are:
- United Kingdom
- United States
19 countries joined OECD after 1961. The names of these countries (with the year they joined in brackets), are:
- Italy (1962)
- Japan (1964)
- Finland (1969)
- Australia (1971)
- New Zealand (1973)
- Mexico (1994)
- Czechia (1995)
- Hungary (1996)
- South Korea (1996)
- Slovakia (2000)
- Chile (2010)
- Estonia (2010)
- Israel (2010)
- Slovenia (2010)
- Latvia (2016)
- Lithuania (2018)
- Colombia (2020)
- Costa Rica (2021)
References[change | change source]
- "List of OECD Secretaries-General and Deputies since 1961". oecd.org. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- "After A Battle, Oecd Settles On Swede To Be Interim Leader". Joc.com. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Friedman, Alan (29 October 1994). "U.S. Rejects Extending Paye's Term : Rift Over OECD Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- ; Richard Woodward, The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2009, Routledge)
- "Members renew Angel Gurría's mandate at the helm of the OECD". OECD. oecd members.
- "Mathias Cormann elected next secretary-general of OECD". News.com.au. 13 March 2021.
- "OECD member countries and partners".
Other websites[change | change source]
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- OECD iLibrary - OECD's portal for books, reports, statistics, working papers and journals
- International Futures Programme
- OECD Forum Archived 2015-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Text of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
- The OECD Observer
- OECD Statistical portal Archived 2015-12-30 at the Wayback Machine
- OECD-UNDP Partnership for Democratic Governance Archived 2015-12-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes