Oxford, Nova Scotia

Coordinates: 45°43′50″N 63°52′24″W / 45.73056°N 63.87333°W / 45.73056; -63.87333
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The giant blueberry makes a distinctive entry feature for the community
The giant blueberry makes a distinctive entry feature for the community
Wild Blueberry Capital of Canada
Oxford is located in Nova Scotia
Location of Oxford
Coordinates: 45°43′50″N 63°52′24″W / 45.73056°N 63.87333°W / 45.73056; -63.87333
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
MunicipalityCumberland County
IncorporatedApril 19, 1904
Electoral Districts     

Cumberland-Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley
ProvincialCumberland South
 • MayorPatricia Stewart
 • Governing BodyOxford Town Council
 • Total10.76 km2 (4.15 sq mi)
Highest elevation
18 m (59 ft)
Lowest elevation
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total1,190
 • Density110.6/km2 (286/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code
Area code902
Telephone Exchange447, 552
Median Earnings*$37,734
  • Median household income, 2005 ($) (all households)

Oxford is a town in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Canada 32 km (20 mi) east of Amherst. The town is on Routes 104, 204, 301, and 321.

History[change | change source]

Oxford was established in 1791 by settler Richard Thompson.[1] The name "Oxford" comes from the shallow river that was used to enter the town. Early settlers used Oxen to cross, or "ford", the river, and from here came the town's name.

Geography[change | change source]

Oxford is located at the junctions of three rivers. Much of the town lies in a floodplain and floods are common during the springtime. Salt Lake is located between the Black River Road and the Trans Canada Highway. A number of swamps and meadows connect this lake to the River Philip.

Industry[change | change source]

Oxford is considered the wild blueberry capital of Canada as it is centred in a large blueberry growing region. Oxford Frozen Foods Ltd., a wild blueberry processor, is the largest employer in the town, processing up to three million pounds of berries a day during peak season.[2] The plant and over 12,000 acres blueberry land are owned by local businessman, John Bragg.

Historically, the town was home to a manufacturing industry with a woollen mill and foundry being key employers.

Transportation[change | change source]

Centrally located in Cumberland County, Oxford is well connected to the provincial and national road network.

The Trans Canada Highway (Highway 104) passed near just south of the town and provincial routes 204, 301, and 321 all travel through town via Pugwash Road, Brichwood Road, Water Street, Upper/Lower Main Street and Little River Road.

In terms of public transport, the town is serviced by Acadian Bus Lines, which stops at the Lower Main Market not far off the highway.

Historically, the town had freight and passenger rail service via CN's Oxford Subdivision,[3] known locally as the 'Short Line', which ran from Oxford Junction to Stellarton. Passenger service was discontinued in 1960 and the line was abandoned in the 1990s.

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Town of Oxford - History". Archived from the original on 2011-08-26. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  2. "Facilities – Oxford Frozen Foods". Archived from the original on 2019-03-27. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  3. "Historical Nova Scotian Railway Photographs: Canadian National Lines". www.novascotiarailwayheritage.com.