Taganrog

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Taganrog
Таганрог
Aerial view of the port of Taganrog (2006)
Aerial view of the port of Taganrog (2006)
Flag of Taganrog
Coat of arms of Taganrog
Anthem: Anthem of Taganrog[1]
Location of Taganrog
Taganrog is located in Rostov Oblast
Taganrog
Taganrog
Location of Taganrog
Taganrog is located in European Russia
Taganrog
Taganrog
Taganrog (European Russia)
Taganrog is located in Europe
Taganrog
Taganrog
Taganrog (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°13′N 38°55′E / 47.217°N 38.917°E / 47.217; 38.917Coordinates: 47°13′N 38°55′E / 47.217°N 38.917°E / 47.217; 38.917
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRostov Oblast
FoundedSeptember 12, 1698[2]
City status since1775
Government
 • BodyCity Duma[3]
 • Head[3]Mikhail Solonitsin[4]
Area
 • Total80 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 • Total257,681
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
249,848 (−3%)
 • Rank72nd in 2010
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toTaganrog Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofTaganrog Urban Okrug
 • Urban okrugTaganrog Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofTaganrog Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
347900, 347902, 347904, 347905, 347909, 347910, 347913, 347916, 347919, 347922–347924, 347927, 347928, 347930–347932, 347935, 347936, 347939, 347942, 347943, 347949, 347990
Dialing code(s)+7 8634
OKTMO ID60737000001
City DaySeptember 12[2]
Twin townsBadenweiler, Lüdenscheid, Cherven Bryag, Mariupol, Odesa, Jining, Pinsk, Khartsyzk, Antratsyt, Famagusta MunicipalityEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.tagancity.ru

Taganrog (Russian: Таганрог, IPA: [təɡɐnˈrok]) is a port city in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is on the north shore of the Taganrog Bay in the Sea of Azov, several kilometers west of the mouth of the Don River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 257,681; the latest official estimate (as of 1 January 2019) was 248,664.[10]

History[change | change source]

Taganrog population
2010 Census257,681[6]
2002 Census281,947[11]
1989 Census291,622[12]
1979 Census276,444[13]

Taganrog was founded on 12 September 1698. by Peter the Great. It was the first Russian Navy base. It held the Azov Flotilla of Catherine the Great. This flotilla later became the Russian Black Sea Fleet. Taganrog was given city status in 1775.[14]

Taganrog was used as an important port city from near the end of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century. It was used for the import and export of grain. The city was heavily industrialized in the early 20th century with the making of a boiler factory, an iron and steel foundry, a leather factory, and an oil press factory. Fifteen foreign consulates had opened in the city by 1911.

World War I[change | change source]

During World War I, Taganrog was occupied by German troops from May to August 1918. In 1919, General Anton Denikin made his headquarters in Taganrog while commanding White Russian forces fighting in South Russia during the Russian Civil War. Denikin and his remaining troops were evacuated by HMS Montrose after the Bolsheviks took the city on 25 December 1919.

World War II[change | change source]

During World War II, Taganrog was occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1943. The city was very damaged. It was liberated by the Red Army on 30 August 1943.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Taganrog is temperate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). Taganrog has mild winters and hot summers.

Climate data for Taganrog (1991–2020, extremes 1905–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
15.6
(60.1)
22.0
(71.6)
28.4
(83.1)
35.8
(96.4)
37.4
(99.3)
40.5
(104.9)
40.5
(104.9)
35.6
(96.1)
30.5
(86.9)
22.7
(72.9)
14.5
(58.1)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.3
(34.3)
7.0
(44.6)
15.4
(59.7)
22.2
(72.0)
27.1
(80.8)
29.9
(85.8)
29.5
(85.1)
22.9
(73.2)
15.0
(59.0)
6.8
(44.2)
1.7
(35.1)
14.9
(58.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
3.2
(37.8)
10.9
(51.6)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
18.0
(64.4)
11.0
(51.8)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
10.9
(51.6)
Average low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.5
(32.9)
7.5
(45.5)
13.6
(56.5)
18.0
(64.4)
20.2
(68.4)
19.4
(66.9)
13.8
(56.8)
7.9
(46.2)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
7.6
(45.7)
Record low °C (°F) −32.0
(−25.6)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.6
(40.3)
9.6
(49.3)
7.3
(45.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
−10.3
(13.5)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−32.0
(−25.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58
(2.3)
48
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
39
(1.5)
51
(2.0)
59
(2.3)
39
(1.5)
36
(1.4)
49
(1.9)
42
(1.7)
49
(1.9)
56
(2.2)
571
(22.5)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 60 80 129 195 271 293 318 305 237 158 70 44 2,160
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[15]
Source 2: Climatebase (sun 1916–2012)[16]

Notable people[change | change source]

Birth house of Faina Ranevskaya

Many Russian and international aristocrats, politicians, artists, and scientists were born and/or have lived in Taganrog. Taganrog is the native city of

It is also associated with:

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Taganrog is twinned with:[17]

References[change | change source]

  1. Decision #537
  2. 2.0 2.1 Charter of Taganrog, Article 2
  3. 3.0 3.1 Charter of Taganrog, Article 12
  4. Official website of Taganrog. Mikhail Solonitsin, Head of the Administration of the City of Taganrog (in Russian)
  5. Official website of Taganrog. Information About Taganrog (in Russian)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  7. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  8. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  9. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. Federal State Statistics Service Russia (web).
  11. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  12. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  13. invalid reference parameter
  14. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 454–455. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  15. "Погода и Климат – Климат Таганрог" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  16. "Taganrog, Rostov, Russia #34720". Climatebase. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  17. "Города - партнеры". tagancity.ru (in Russian). Taganrog. Retrieved 2020-02-05.

Other websites[change | change source]