- For the 92nd emperor also known as Hirohito, see Emperor Fushimi
|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||25 December 1926 – 7 January 1989 (62 years, 13 days)|
|Born||April 29, 1901|
|Died||January 7, 1989 (aged 87)|
|Place of death||Tokyo|
|Buried||Imperial Mausoleum (多摩御陵 Tama Goryō )|
Emperor Shōwa (昭和天皇 Shōwa tennō , April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989), also known as Hirohito (裕仁), was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started on December 25, 1926 and ended with his death in 1989.
The name "Shōwa" was given to Hirohito after he died. Emperors of Japan are normally renamed in this way; and people started using the new name in 1990. During his long reign, many people outside Japan call him Emperor Hirohito, or just Hirohito.
Events of Shōwa's life [change]
Prince Hirohito was named regent for his father in 1921. He became emperor after his father's death.
World War II [change]
Hirohito was the emperor of Japan during the war in the Pacific and Asia from 1931 to 1945. His role in this period is controversial.
Constitutional monarch [change]
After Japan's defeat in the war, the role of emperor changed. The emperor became a symbol of the state.
Hirohito was the first emperor to travel outside Japan. He visited Europe in 1971 and he traveled to the United States in 1975.
After his death [change]
He was succeeded by his son, Prince Akihito.
The state funeral for the late emperor was an international event. World leaders attending the funeral included U.S. President George H. W. Bush, French President François Mitterrand, the Duke of Edinburgh.
Selected works [change]
- 1967 – A review of the hydroids of the family Clathrozonidae with description of a new genus and species from Japan.
- 1969 – Some hydroids from the Amakusa Islands.
- 1971 – Additional notes on Clathrozoon wilsoni Spencer.
- 1974 – Some hydrozoans of the Bonin Islands
- 1977 – Five hydroid species from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.
- 1983 – Hydroids from Izu Oshima and Nijima.
- 1984 – A new hydroid Hydractinia bayeri n. sp. (family Hydractiniidae) from the Bay of Panama.
- 1988 – The hydroids of Sagami Bay collected by His Majesty the Emperor of Japan.
- 1995 – The hydroids of Sagami Bay II.
- Order of the Chrysanthemum, Japan
- Order of the Rising Sun, Japan
- Order of the Sacred Treasure, Japan
- Order of the Garter (KG), UK
- Fellow of the Royal Society, UK
Related pages [change]
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 昭和天皇 (124); retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
- Nussbaum, "Shōwa Tennō" at p. 889.
- According to Japanese custom, the personal name of a reigning Emperor is not used during his reign; and instead, he is only described as "his Majesty the Emperor" (天皇陛下 Tennō Heika ) or "his current Majesty" (今上陛下 Kinjō Heika )
- Nussbaum, "Hirohito" at p. 318.
- WorldCat Identities: Hirohito Emperor of Japan 1901-1989
- "Britain wanted limited restoration of royal family's honors," Japan Policy & Politics. January 7, 2002.
- Corner, E. J. H. (1990). "His Majesty Emperor Hirohito of Japan, K. G. 29 April 1901-7 January 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 36, pp. 242–226; retrieved 2011-10-16.
Further reading [change]
- Bix, Herbert P. (2000). Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. New York: HarperCollins. 10-ISBN 0-06-019314-X; 13-ISBN 978-0-06-019314-0; OCLC 247018161
Other websites [change]
|Emperor of Japan