He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but mainly known as a painter. Matisse is regarded as one of the main artists who helped to create the revolutionary developments in art early in the 20th century.
- "Matisse created brilliantly coloured canvases structured by colour applied in a variety of brushwork, ranging from thick impasto [thick paint] to flat areas of pure pigment, sometimes accompanied by a sinuous, arabesque-like line. [This was] the first of the avant-garde movements (1905–7), named "Fauvism" by a contemporary art critic, referring to its use of arbitrary combinations of bright colors and energetic brushwork to structure the composition".
Although he was initially called a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly seen as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. His mastery of the expressive language of form and colour, in work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.
- "Tate Modern: Matisse Picasso". Tate.org.uk. http://www.tate.org.uk/modern/exhibitions/matissepicasso/. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- Adrian Searle (7 May 2002). "Searle, Adrian, A momentous, tremendous exhibition, The Guardian, Tuesday 7 May 2002". London: Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2002/may/07/artsfeatures. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "Trachtman, Paul, Matisse & Picasso, Smithsonian, February 2003". Smithsonianmag.com. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/matisse.html. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "Duchamp's urinal tops art survey". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4059997.stm. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Magdalena Dabrowski Department of Nineteenth-Century, Modern, and Contemporary Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Source: Henri Matisse (1869–1954) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art Retrieved June 30, 2010
- Wattenmaker, Richard J.; Distel, Anne, et al. 1993. Great French paintings from the Barnes Foundation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p272 ISBN 0-679-40963-7
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