Selena

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The Mirador de la Flor, a statue created in honor of Selena.
Background information
Birth name Selena Quintanilla
Also known as Selena, Selena Perez, The Queen of Tejano music
Born April 16, 1971(1971-04-16)
Lake Jackson, Texas, United States
Died March 31, 1995(1995-03-31) (aged 23)
Corpus Christi, Texas, United States
Genres Tejano, Latin pop, contemporary R&B, pop
Occupations Actress, singer-songwriter, fashion designer
Years active 1982 (1982)—1995 (1995)
Labels EMI Latin, Q-Productions, SBK Records
Associated acts Selena y Los Dinos, Barrio Boyzz, Alvaro Torres
Website www.q-productions.com

Selena Quintanilla–Pérez (16 April 1971 – 31 March 1995), known as simply Selena, was an American singer-songwriter, actress and fashion designer. She was named the "Queen of Tejano music" and was also known as the "Mexican Madonna". Selena was born as the last child of a Mexican-American father and a half-Cherokee mother. She released her first LP record at the age of 12 with her Selena y Los Dinos band. At the 1987 Tejano Music Awards, she won the Female Vocalist of the Year award. She won this award eight times in a row. Selena signed a record agreement with EMI Latin in 1989. She released five Spanish-language albums with them, each having chart and sales success.

"Como La Flor" became one of her signature songs after it got to number six on the US Billboard Hot Latin Tracks chart in 1992. The next year, Selena Live! won a Grammy Award for Best Mexican/American Album. In 1994, Amor Prohibido was released and five of the singles became number one hits. Selena became the first Hispanic singer to do this. The album became the fastest-selling Latin album of all time. Amor Prohibido and the song of the same name were nominated for a Grammy Award. In late 1994, Charles Koppelman, the chairman of EMI Latin, believed that Selena was ready to release a cross over album. Selena would then begin recording songs in English instead of Spanish, which would expand her career.

On 31 March 1995, Selena was killed by Yolanda Saldívar, a friend and former manager of her clothing stores. Selena's death affected people in Hispanic communities. Many candlelight vigils took place, as well as other memorials from fans. Two weeks later, Governor of Texas at the time, George W. Bush, made 16 April "Selena Day" in Texas. Her crossover album Dreaming of You, which was not finished, was released on 18 July 1995. In 1997, Warner Bros. released a movie about her life. Puerto Rican actress Jennifer Lopez played the role of "Selena" in the movie. The role helped Lopez become famous.

In 2005, a tribute concert called Selena ¡VIVE! premiered on Univision. The show had the highest ratings in the channel's history. It was also the most-watched Spanish-language show in the history of American television. It was watched by more than 37 million people in the United States. In 2006, a Selena museum was built in Q-Productions. Mirador de la Flor, a bronze life-sized statue, was created in memory of Selena. These memorials are in Corpus Christi, Texas. The statue is visited by hundreds of fans every week. As of 2012, Selena has sold over 60 million albums worldwide.

Early career[change | change source]

The family moved to Corpus Christi, Texas

Selena Quintanilla was born on Easter Day 16 April 1971 in Lake Jackson, Texas.[1][2] Her mother, Marcella Ofelia Samora[3], is half-Cherokee. Her father, Abraham Quintanilla Jr, is Mexican-American.[4] Selena was raised as a Jehovah's Witness.[5] Abraham was a musician before she was born. He quit his dreams to support his family.[6] One day, Abraham began playing a guitar. Selena started to sing.[7] She had perfect pitch.

He organized his children into a band.[8] He called it "Selena y Los Dinos". It means "Selena and the Boys",[9] 'Dinos' is an Italian slang word.[10] In 1982, he opened a Mexican restaurant called "PapaGayos" (English: "Parrots").[7] However, the restaurant was shut down because of the recession of 1982.[11] The family became bankrupt. They were evicted (removed from their home). They moved to Corpus Christi, Texas.[12]

Abraham asked people in town to hire Selena y Los Dinos. They played wherever they could get a gig. They needed money. They performed at street corners, weddings, quinceañeras and fairs.[13] In 1984, Selena recorded her first LP record for Freddie Records. Selena learned Spanish by listening to others speak.[14] The album was not sold in stores. Freddie Records did not believe a female singer could sell a record.[15] Her father bought all of the original copies.[16]

Selena was accepted at Louisiana State University.

Selena was bullied in school by other girls. When Selena was in the eighth grade, her father took her out of school.[17] Her performance schedule was getting bigger. Which was too hard for Selena to stay in public school.[17] She completed and mailed homework on her tour bus.[14] When she was 17, she earned a high school diploma from The American School of Correspondence in Chicago.[18] She was also accepted at Louisiana State University.[19]

In 1985, Selena recorded her second LP record, The New Girl in Town;[20] The album was not sold in stores because of copyright problems. Selena became a music guest on the Johnny Canales Show.[7] She sang "Oh Mama" from her second LP.[21] In 1986, she released Alpha.[22] The album became her first LP to be released successfully. It helped her to be discovered by Rick Trevi, the founder for the Tejano Music Awards.[7] Selena won the Female Vocalist of the Year award in 1987. She won every year for eight years after that.[23] She also released two more LPs: And the Winner Is... and Muñequito de Trapo.[2]

Early success[change | change source]

Selena became the first Tejano singer to win a Grammy Award.

In 1989, Selena signed a record agreement with EMI Latin.[24] She became the first artist to sign with them.[25] She also made Tejano music popular among younger people.[26] Jose Behar said that he signed Selena because he thought he found the next Gloria Estefan.[17] In the same year, Coca-Cola wanted Selena to become one of their spokespeople in Texas.[27] Behar and Stephen Finfer asked EMI to begin Selena's cross over album.[28] However, EMI did not want to start the crossover, while telling Selena that she needed a bigger fan base.[29] She released her first album that same year. The lead single "Contigo Quiero Estar" got to number eight on the US Billboard Hot Latin Tracks chart in 1989.[30]

Chris Pérez (center) and Selena eloped in 1992.

In the same year, Chris Pérez, who was a rock guitarist, was asked to join Selena y Los Dinos.[31] Abraham did not like Pérez because of his image and believed he would be a bad influence on his children. Selena's brother tried to tell Abraham that Pérez would change. Abraham agreed, because they were missing a guitarist. In 1990, Selena released Ven Conmigo. The album became the first album by a Tejano singer to reach gold status.[32] Around this time, Pérez and Selena fell in love with each other.[33] Abraham was angry about this and fired Pérez from the band. Selena was warned never to see him again by her father. The two eloped on 2 April 1992.[33] Abraham accepted the relationship and Pérez into the family. He later said that he felt guilty. He said this because he thought that it was his behavior that Selena and Pérez eloped.[34]

A registered nurse and fan named Yolanda Saldívar asked Selena's father to start a fan club in San Antonio, Texas.[35] Saldívar had the idea after she had attended one of Selena's concerts. Abraham approved Saldívar's request. Abraham believed the fan club would bring in new fans. Saldívar soon became a close friend to Selena and the family. She was trusted and became the president of the fan club.[36] In 1992, Selena released Entre a Mi Mundo. The song "Como La Flor" became Selena's signature song.[37] The album and the single helped her to tour in Mexico. Selena recorded a duet with Salvadoran singer Alvaro Torres called "Buenos Amigos" in 1991. The song got to number one on the Hot Latin Tracks. This became Selena's first number one song. Because of this, Selena was asked to perform "Buenos Amigos" in El Salvador.[38]

In 1993, Selena released Selena Live!. The album won a Grammy Award for Best Mexican/American Album.[8] Around this time, Selena opened two clothing stores called Selena Etc.[39] She hired Saldívar as the manger.[8] Hispanic Business magazine wrote that Selena earned $5 million from her clothing stores.[40] Selena also acted in a Spanish soap opera called Dos Mujeres, Un Camino in 1993.[41] When her episode premiered, it had a record rating.[35] In December 1993, Selena was signed with SBK Records to begin her cross over album.[42] However, recording would not begin until late-1994.[43][44]

Later success[change | change source]

In 1994, Selena released Amor Prohibido. The album became the best-selling Latin album of all time.[45][46] Five singles from the album reached number one on the Hot Latin Tracks chart.[47] Selena was the first Hispanic artist to do this.[48] The album was certified double platinum by the end of the year. She also won awards from Premio Lo Nuestro including Best Latin Artist and Song of the Year.[48] Selena recorded a duet with the Barrio Boyzz called "Donde Quiera Que Estes". The song got to number one on the Hot Latin Tracks.[49] This allowed Selena to tour in New York City, Argentina, Puerto Rico and Central America, where she was not well known.[50] The album and the single of the same name were nominated for a Grammy Award.[51][52] "Amor Prohibido" and "No Me Queda Mas" became the most successful singles of 1994 and 1995 on the Hot Latin Track charts, according to Billboard and Nielson SoundScan.[53] She was then called the "Queen of Tejano music".[54]

In late 1994, EMI chairman Charles Koppelman felt that Selena had succeed her goals in the Spanish market.[55] He wanted to release a cross over album with Selena. Grammy Award-winning composers began writing songs for her to record.[7] Her goal was to become a pop icon like Donna Summer, Paula Abdul, Madonna and Mariah Carey.[7] Selena continued on her Amor Prohibido Tour while EMI Latin prepared the album.[31] In 1995, Selena made a cameo in Don Juan DeMarco, which starred Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp and Faye Dunaway.[56] In February 1995, Selena performed at the Houston Astrodome. She performed for a record-breaking audience of over 60,000 fans.[31] This was more than country singers such as George Strait, Vince Gill, Clint Black and Reba McEntire.[2] Meanwhile, she was planning to open two more clothing stores. One was scheduled to be opened in Monterrey, Mexico.[55]

Charity work[change | change source]

Selena visited local schools to talk to students about the importance of education. She spent her free time helping her community. She also worked with D.A.R.E.. She planned a fundraising concert to help AIDS patients.[55] Selena also helped victims in Florida after Hurricane Andrew made landfall there in 1992.

According to the A&E television series Biography, Selena's fans were minorities in the world. She encouraged them to be the best they can be.[7] Her biggest fear was that no one would come watch her perform. At her peak, she continued to ask her father if anybody had showed up.[57]

Selena was called the "Mexican Madonna",[58] but unlike Madonna, Selena valued family and never cursed.[59] She also was known for her "sexy stage costumes" that she wore while performing.[60] Her friends and family called her a daredevil.[61]

Death[change | change source]

Selena's grave site in Corpus Christi, Texas.

Saldívar was an employee and manager for Selena's clothing stores and fan club. Saldívar was stealing money from these businesses and was eventually caught.[8] Selena did not believe that her best friend could do something like that. She tried to maintain their friendship, but by March 1995, it began to get worse. Selena and her husband Pérez visited Saldívar on 30 March 1995 to get the documents that she had stolen. Saldívar did not give Selena all the documents. On the morning of 31 March 1995, Selena met up with Saldívar to collect paperwork and missing documents for tax preparations.[62] At the hotel, Selena demanded that Saldívar give her the missing financial papers.[63] Saldívar then claimed that she was raped in Mexico.[17] Selena took her to a local hospital where doctors found that Saldívar was lying.[64] This made Selena decide to end her friendship with Saldívar. When they returned to the hotel, they began arguing even more.[8]

When Selena turned to leave, Saldívar took a gun from her purse. She pointed it at Selena[65] and pulled the trigger, shooting Selena in the back.[52] Selena ran to the hotel lobby for help.[66] She was seen holding her chest screaming repeatedly, "Help me!, I've been shot!".[67] Saldívar chased her and called her a "bitch".[68] Selena fell to the floor and named Saldívar as the shooter. By the time Selena arrived at a local hospital, she was pronounced dead.[69] She was two weeks away from her 24th birthday and three days from her third wedding anniversary with Pérez.[69] Saldívar went to her pickup truck and threatened to commit suicide.[70] The SWAT and the FBI Crisis Negotiation Unit were called.[65] She surrendered after nine hours.[8]

Saldívar pleaded not guilty. She said that the shooting was an accident. She said that she meant to shoot herself, not Selena. But prosecutor Carlos Valdez pointed out that Saldivar, a former nurse, did not call 911 or attempt to help Selena after she was shot. The jury sentenced Saldívar to life imprisonment. She has the right for parole in 2025.[71] Reactions to Selena's death were compared to reactions to Elvis Presley and John Lennon's deaths.[72][73] George W. Bush, Governor of Texas at the time, declared 16 April as "Selena Day" in Texas.[74] Selena's death was called "Black Friday" in Texas.[75][76][77] Most White Texans were offended that Selena Day would be celebrated on Easter. Many of them also wrote to the Brazosport Facts that "Easter is more important than Selena Day". Mexican Americans in Texas wrote negative replies to the comments that were made. One Mexican American wrote that some comments made were "rude".[78][79] Radio host Howard Stern mocked Selena's funeral and death.[80] Many fans disapproved of such actions and held public boycotts.[81]

Legacy[change | change source]

Mirador de la Flor, a statue created in Selena's honor.

In 1997, Warner Bros. released a movie about Selena's life. Jennifer Lopez played Selena.[82] The role helped Lopez become famous.[83][84][85] Music critic David Bauder believed that if Selena were alive, she would have broken the record sales of Madonna, Gloria Estefan, Paula Abdul[86] and Whitney Houston.[87] By 1996, Selena held the record for more wins at the Latin Music Awards than any other artist.[88] In 2006, a Selena museum was built in Q-Productions. Mirador de la Flor, a bronze life-sized statue, was created in memory of Selena. These memorials are in Corpus Christi, Texas.[89]

The Guinness Book of World Records named Selena as the "most dominating artist".[90] Selena also became the first Hispanic singer to have an album sung mostly in Spanish to reach number one. She also became the first female to place five albums at the same time on the Billboard 200 chart.[91] The only other artists to have done this were Elvis Presley, The Beatles and Garth Brooks.[92] Billboard wrote that the release of Dreaming of You was "a historic day in Latin music history".[93] The album helped Selena to become the second-fastest selling female artist that year, behind Janet Jackson.[94] Dreaming of You became the second-highest debut that year, behind Michael Jackson.[95]

People magazine released a tribute issue for Selena.[17] It sold one million copies in one day. This was the only issue to have been sold out in stores across the United States.[96] The company released three more runs, and all sold out in two weeks.[7] This made the company to release People En Espanol.[7] A musical called Selena Forever, starring Veronica Vasquez as "Selena", opened in Los Angeles.[97] The American Bank Center in Corpus Christi renamed its 2,526-seat "Bayfront Auditorium" to "Selena Auditorium".[98]

Memorial to Selena in Corpus Christi, Texas.

A tribute concert, Selena ¡VIVE!, premiered on Univision on 7 April 2005. The concert marked the 10th anniversary of Selena's murder. The show included other Latin artists performing covers of Selena's songs. The show was the highest rated and most-watched Spanish-language show in American television history. The show had about 37 million viewers, more than the number of viewers of that night's episode of American Idol. The show had the highest ratings in Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco and New York City.[99]

Selena's fan base continues to stay strong.[100] Selena is considered one of the most widely known Mexican-American artists[101][102] and the most popular Latin artist in the United States.[102] Documentaries are shown on Spanish-language television annually marking Selena's death anniversary.[52] Billboard named Selena the "Best Selling Latin Artist of the [1990's] Decade" and "Top Latin Artist of the 90's".[103][104] As of 2012, Selena has sold over 60 million albums worldwide.[105]

Discography[change | change source]

Filmography[change | change source]

Film
Title Year Role Notes
Don Juan DeMarco 1995 Ranchera singer Cameo appearance
Television
Title Year Role
Johnny Canales Show 1985–1995 herself
Tejano Music Awards 1987–1995 herself
Dos Mujeres, Un Camino 1993 herself
The Making of Selena the Movie 1997
Por Siempre Selena 1998
E! True Hollywood Story: The Murder Trial of Selena 1998
VH1 All Access: Selena 1999
Para Siempre Selena 2000
Por Siempre... Selena 2001–2008
Selena ¡VIVE! 2005
Biography 2008 TV series (2 episodes)
Top Trece 2009 TV series (1 episode)
Historia de una Leyenda 2009 TV series (1 episode)
Famous Crime Scene: Selena 2010 TV series (1 episode)
Reel Crime Real Story 2012 TV series (1 episode)
Snapped 2014 TV series (1 episode)

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Patoski 1996, p. 30.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Pérez Dávila, Angie (31 March 2005). "A 10 años de la muerte de Selena" (in Spanish). Noticieros Televisa. http://www.esmas.com/noticierostelevisa/investigaciones/435731.html. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  3. Patoski 1996, p. 20.
  4. "Selena, the Queen of Tejano Music". Legacy.com. http://www.legacy.com/ns/news-story.aspx?t=selena-the-queen-of-tejano-music&id=312. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  5. Bernstein, Ellen (16 April 1997). "Birthday hoopla is prohibited". Caller-Times. Corpus Christi, Texas: Caller.com. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090403065442/http://www.caller.com/ccct/home/article/0,1641,CCCT_800_3654650,00.html. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  6. HSA Banquet Features Father of Late Tejano Star Selena, Baylor University press release, 4 November 1999. Retrieved 13 October 2006.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 "Biography TV Series, Selena episode". Biography. The Biography Channel. 26 November 2010. 60 minutes in.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Howe Verhovek, Sam (1 April 1995). "Grammy Winning Singer Selena Killed in Shooting at Texas Motel". The New York Times: p. 1.
  9. "Latin singer Selena killed in Texas motel". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 1 April 1995. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=_4xQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=TBMEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5021,9643258&dq=selena+y+los+dinos&hl=en. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  10. Martinez, Walter (1995). "Selena's Interview". Latin Style Magazine. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0702373/publicity.
  11. Longsdorf, Amy (21 March 1997). "Compelling Story Elements Missing From Selena". The Morning Call. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/mcall/access/14351825.html?dids=14351825:14351825&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Mar+21%2C+1997&author=AMY+LONGSDORF+(A+free-lance+story+for+The+Morning+Call)&pub=Morning+Call&desc=COMPELLING+STORY+ELEMENTS+MISSING+FROM+`SELENA'&pqatl=google. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  12. "Viva Selena!". Daily News of Los Angeles. 24 August 1994. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=LA&p_theme=la&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EF66AFD71CC58A3&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  13. Patoski 1996, p. 53.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Arrarás, María Celeste (1997) (in Spanish). Selena's secret: the revealing story behind her tragic death. Fireside. p. 256. ISBN 068483135X . http://books.google.com/books?id=er04VqtBSQgC&pg=PA54&dq=selena+1980s&hl=en&ei=pkRxTafgNpTqgQeqw7A1&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=selena%201980s&f=false. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  15. "Selena Soundtrack Hints At Tejano Singer's Appeal". Miami Herald. 18 March 1997. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=MH&s_site=miami&p_multi=MH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB4D745529CB45C&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  16. Patoski 1996, p. 49.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Mitchell, Rick (21 May 1995). "Selena, the making of the queen of Tejano". Houston Chronicle. http://web.archive.org/web/20070709024550/http://www.chron.com/content/chronicle/metropolitan/selena/95/05/21/legend.html. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
  18. Patoski 1996, p. 59.
  19. Patoski 1996, p. 111.
  20. Maldonado-Hinojosa, Vilma (10 March 2005). "enfoque; Recuerdos de Selena; 10 years later, Selena lives on" (in Spanish). San Antonio Express-News. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SAEC&p_theme=saec&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=1125AE5992E22310&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  21. "Selena's Song Slain singer opened Tejano to the world". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 26 April 1995. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ST&s_site=dfw&p_multi=ST&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EAF8FF8A94497E7&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  22. Patoski 1996, p. 63.
  23. "Fans, Family Remember Selena". CBSNews.com, 17 October 2002. Retrieved on 9 July 2006.
  24. Gershman, Rick (18 March 1997). "Selena's legacy". St. Petersburg Times. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/sptimes/access/17007913.html?dids=17007913:17007913&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Mar+18%2C+1997&author=RICK+GERSHMAN&pub=St.+Petersburg+Times&desc=Selena's+Legacy&pqatl=google. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  25. Clark, Michael (25 March 2005). "Ten years after her murder, Selena lives on". Corpus Christi Caller-Times. http://www.chron.com/entertainment/music/article/Ten-years-after-her-murder-Selena-lives-on-1670323.php. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  26. Gamboa, Suzanne (8 October 1995). "On eve of trial, Selena's fame still grows Slain Tejano singer's rising star is not dimming". Austin American-Statesman. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&p_theme=aasb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EAD97B391FF937F&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  27. Orozco, Cynthia E. Quintanilla Pérez, Selena. The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved on 29 May 2009.
  28. Lopetegui, Enrique (8 April 1995). "A Crossover Dream Halted Prematurely, Tragically Some Ambitious Plans Were Under Way to Bring Selena to Mainstream U.S. Audience". The Los Angeles Times. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/22779753.html?dids=22779753:22779753&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Apr+08%2C+1995&author=ENRIQUE+LOPETEGUI&pub=Los+Angeles+Times+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=A+Crossover+Dream+Halted+Prematurely%2C+Tragically+Some+Ambitious+Plans+Were+Under+Way+to+Bring+Selena+to+Mainstream+U.S.+Audience&pqatl=google. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  29. Minnick, Doug (24 September 2010). "Jose Behar, interview". Taxi A&R. http://www.taxi.com/music-business-faq/ar/behar.html. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
  30. Peña 2002, p. 205.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Patoski 1996, p. 115.
  32. Patoski 1996, p. 110.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Arrarás 1997, p. 79.
  34. Arrarás 1997, p. 82.
  35. 35.0 35.1 Patoski 1996, p. 134.
  36. Reports, Wire (1 April 1995). "Gunshot Silences Singing Sensation Selena At Age 23". Orlando Sentinel. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/orlandosentinel/access/78007083.html?dids=78007083:78007083&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Apr+01%2C+1995&author=Compiled+From+Wire+Reports&pub=Orlando+Sentinel&desc=GUNSHOT+SILENCES+SINGING+SENSATION+SELENA+AT+AGE+23&pqatl=google. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  37. Patoski 1996, p. 122.
  38. Patoski 1996, p. 124.
  39. "Tejano Singer Shot To Death". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 1 April 1995. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=KDYeAAAAIBAJ&sjid=yr4EAAAAIBAJ&pg=6853,63240&dq=selena+was+born&hl=en. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  40. "Selena – Life Events". Corpus Christi Caller Times, 27 March 2005. Retrieved on 7 June 2006. Archive copy at the Internet Archive
  41. Patoski 1996, p. 162.
  42. Valdes, Alisa (7 April 1995). "Loving Selena, fans loved themselves". Boston Globe. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/boston/access/21566588.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Apr+07%2C+1995&author=Alisa+Valdes%2C+Globe+Staff&pub=Boston+Globe+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Loving+Selena%2C+fans+loved+themselves&pqatl=google. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  43. Frasier 2009, p. 420.
  44. Tarradell, Mario (1 April 1995). "Singer soared beyond traditional limits on Tejano music". The Dallas Morning News. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=DM&p_theme=dm&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0ED3D5B623415D08&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  45. Parédez 2009, p. 47.
  46. Arrarás 1997, p. 34.
  47. "Chart history > Hot Latin Tracks > Selena". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/#/artist/selena/chart-history/25132?f=363&g=Singles. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  48. 48.0 48.1 Patoski 1996, p. 152.
  49. "Chart history > Selena > Donde Quiera Que Estes". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allrovi.com/name/The-Barrio-Boyzz-p448538?r=allmovie. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  50. Patoski 1996, p. 123.
  51. San Miguel 2002, p. 110.
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  53. "Topping The Charts Year By Year". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 110 (48): LMQ3. 28 November 1998. http://books.google.com/?id=MAoEAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA38&dq=rudy+la+scala&cd=1#v=onepage&q=rudy%20la%20scala. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
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  • Pérez, Daniel Enrique (2009), Rethinking Chicana/o and Latina/o popular culture, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 9780230616066
      
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  • Arrarás, Maria Celeste (1997), El Secreto De Selena : LA Reveladora Historia Detras De Su Tragica Muerte / The Secret Of Selena: LA Reveladora Historia Detras De Su Tragica Muerte, Fireside, ISBN 068483135X
      
  • Peña, Manuel (2002), Música tejana : the cultural economy of artistic transformation, Texas A&M University Press Books, ISBN 9780890968888
      
  • San Miguel, Guadalupe (2002), Tejano Proud: Tex-Mex music in the twentieth century, Texas A & M University Press Books, ISBN 1585441880
      
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  • Parédez, Deborah (2009), Selenidad: Selena, Latinos, and the Performance of Memory, Duke University Press Books, ISBN 0-8223-45021
      

Other websites[change | change source]