Clay County, Alabama

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Clay County
Clay County Courthouse in Ashland
Clay County Courthouse in Ashland
Map of Alabama highlighting Clay County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°16′20″N 85°51′40″W / 33.2722°N 85.8611°W / 33.2722; -85.8611
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedDecember 7, 1866
Named forHenry Clay
Largest cityLineville
 • Total606 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Land604 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%
 • Total14,236
 • Density23/sq mi (9.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)

Clay County is a county of the US state of Alabama. As of 2020 the population was 14,236.[1] Its county seat is Ashland and it is a prohibition or dry county.

History[change | change source]

Clay County was formed on December 7, 1866 from land taken from Randolph and Talladega County. Its name is in honor of Henry Clay, famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State. Clay County is one of only three counties in Alabama to have no U.S. Highways in its boundaries.

During the Desert Shield/Storm conflict, Clay County had more soldiers serving per capita than any other county in the United States.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 606.00 square miles (1,569.5 km2). 605.07 square miles (1,567.1 km2) (or 99.85%) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2) (or 0.15%) is water.[3]

Major highways[change | change source]

Rail[change | change source]

  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Border counties[change | change source]

National protected area[change | change source]

Cities and towns[change | change source]

Notable natives[change | change source]

  • Hugo Black (1886–1971), born in Harlan, served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1937 until 1971
  • LaFayette L. Patterson (1888–1987), born near Delta, served three terms in the U.S. Congress from 1928 to 1933
  • Byron Lavoy Cockrell (1935–2007), born in Lineville, rocket scientist and engineer
  • Bob Riley (b. 1944), Alabama's 52nd governor, native of Ashland

Places of interest[change | change source]

Clay County is home to parts of Cheaha State Park in the Talladega National Forest and Lake Wedowee on the eastern boundary. The Pinhoti Trail system Archived 2009-04-09 at the Wayback Machine weaves its way through the Talladega National Forest to Mt. Cheaha, the highest point in Alabama. Hikers along the trail may see some of the local wildlife, including whitetail deer, wild turkey, and the rare bald eagle.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "QuickFacts: Clay County, Alabama". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  2. Small Town Historic Markers, Alabama Tourism Department, retrieved 2011-02-02
  3. "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.