Diekirch (district)

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Coordinates: 49°52′N 6°10′E / 49.867°N 6.167°E / 49.867; 6.167
Diekirch
District
Country  Luxembourg
Capital Diekirch
 - coordinates 49°52′N 6°10′E / 49.867°N 6.167°E / 49.867; 6.167
Area 1,157.2 km² (447 sq mi)
Population 83,661 (2014) [1]
Density 72 /km² (186 /sq mi)
District 24 February 1843
Subdivisions 5 cantons
36 communes
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 LU-D
Location of the Diekirch district
Location of the Diekirch district

The District of Diekirch (French: Diekirch, German: Diekirch, Luxembourgish: Dikrech) was one of three districts of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital was the city of Diekirch.

In 2015, the districts were abolished.[2]

It was the northernmost of the districts and, with an area of 1,157.2 km2 (446.8 sq mi), the largest of the three districts. It has a population of 83,661 inhabitants and a population density of 72.3 inhabitants/km², the lowest density of all districts.[1]

History[change | change source]

When the districts were created on 24 February 1843, Diekirch was one of the three of the country.[3]

On 2012, the communes of Heinerscheid and Munshause were made part of the commune of Clervaux; Hosingen, Consthum and Hoscheid were merged to made the new commune of Parc Hosingen; Ermsdorf and Medernach were merged to made the new commune of Vallée de l'Ernz; Heiderscheid and Neunhausen were joined to Esch-sur-Sûre. So the number of communes changed from 43 to 36.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The Diekirch district is bordered to the west and north by Belgium (Belgian provinces of Luxembourg and Liège), to the east by Germany (German Land of Rhineland-Palatinate, to the south by the Luxembourg district and to the southwest by the Grevenmacher district.

The two highest hills in Luxembourg, the Kneiff (560 m [1,837 ft]) and Buurgplaatz (559 m [1,834 ft]), are in this district, in the commune Troisvierges.[5]

The former Diekirch District coincides with the Oesling Region, except for the southern parts.

Composition[change | change source]

The Diekirch district has 5 cantons and 36 communes.

District DiekirchLocatie.png
Canton Capital Area[6]
(km²)
Population[1]
(2014)
Density
(inhab./km²)
Communes
1 Clervaux Clervaux 342.2 16,447 48.1 5
2 Diekirch Diekirch 204.5 30,460 148.9 10
3 Redange Redange 267.5 17,086 63.9 10
4 Vianden Vianden 78.5 4,722 60.2 3
5 Wiltz Wiltz 264.6 14,946 56.5 8

Cantons and their communes[change | change source]

The Sauer river flows through Diekirch
Aerial view of the Lac de la Haute-Sûre
Church and town hall, Consthum
  1. Clervaux
    1. Clervaux
    2. Parc Hosingen
    3. Troisvierges
    4. Weiswampach
    5. Wincrange
  2. Diekirch
    1. Bettendorf
    2. Bourscheid
    3. Diekirch
    4. Erpeldange
    5. Ettelbruck
    6. Feulen
    7. Mertzig
    8. Reisdorf
    9. Schieren
    10. Vallée de l'Ernz
  3. Redange
    1. Beckerich
    2. Ell
    3. Grosbous
    4. Préizerdaul
    5. Rambrouch
    6. Redange
    7. Saeul
    8. Useldange
    9. Vichten
    10. Wahl
  4. Vianden
    1. Putscheid
    2. Tandel
    3. Vianden
  5. Wiltz
    1. Boulaide
    2. Esch-sur-Sûre
    3. Eschweiler
    4. Goesdorf
    5. Kiischpelt
    6. Lac de la Haute-Sûre
    7. Wiltz
    8. Winseler

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Population by canton and municipality 1821 - 2014". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  2. "Loi du 2 septembre 2015 portant abolition des districts" (PDF) (in French). Service central de législation. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  3. (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1843, No. 17" (PDF). Service central de législation. p. 45. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  4. (French) "Mémorial A, 2011, No. 110" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  5. (French) "Recueil de statistiques par commune" (pdf). Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. 2003. p. 20. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  6. "Surface area of the cantons and municipalities". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 26 April 2014.