Female genital mutilation
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision and female genital cutting, is a cultural tradition most often done in Africa. It is illegal in 57 countries, but the law is often ignored. The main types are clitoridectomy (the clitoris being cut off), excision (removal of the clitoris and labia), and infibulation. FGM can cause physical and mental health problems such as PTSD, problems getting pregnant and giving birth, and pain and lack of nice feelings during sex. They can die from losing blood. It is associated with Islam but was done before the religion started. FGM is done for several reasons. One is to stop females from masturbating. Other reasons given are to prevent girls from having sex before they are married. 98% of women in Somalia have had FGM. FGM happens less to girls in the households with the most money in most countries.
International society and World Health Organization demand to end FGM, also "Maputo Protocol" to African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights says to abolish it. In several countries people think that FGM is required by Islam.