This is a list of famous mathematicians.
Australia[change | change source]
Azerbaijan[change | change source]
- Jalal Allakhverdiyev, member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (later called the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences); Mathematics; died in 2017
Brazil[change | change source]
Bulgaria[change | change source]
- Lyubomir Ivanov, got the award, Acad. Nikola Obreshkov Prize, the highest Bulgarian award in mathematics.
Chile[change | change source]
- Nicanor Parra, got the Cervantes Prize, the most important literary prize in the Spanish-speaking world
China[change | change source]
- Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Zi, known for authoring Sun Tzu Suan Ching (pinyin: Sun Zi Suan Jing; literally, "Sun Tzu's Calculation Classic"), which contains the Chinese remainder theorem.
- Wu Wenjun, known for the Wu class and the Wu formula are named after him. In the field of automated theorem proving, he is known for Wu's method; died in 2017
- Zhang Heng, made the first seismometer; Astronomy, engineering, meteorology, geology, philosophy, and mathematics; died in 139 A.D.
Croatia[change | change source]
- Roger Joseph Boscovich, maker of a precursor of atomic theory; made the first geometric procedure for finding out the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position; discoverer of the absence of atmosphere on the Moon; he was from a city in what later became Croatia; died in 1787
Czechia[change | change source]
Egypt[change | change source]
- Euclid of Alexandria, known for Euclidean geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean algorithm; died in the middle of 3rd century BC
Finland[change | change source]
France[change | change source]
- Jacqueline Naze Tjøtta, the first female mathematical sciences professor in Norway; Applied mathematics, she died in 2017
- Sophie Germain
Germany[change | change source]
Great Britain[change | change source]
England[change | change source]
- Charles Babbage, credited with inventing the first mechanical computer (or analytical engine); died in 1871
- Alan Turing, he was important in the development of theoretical computer science, and is known for the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer; died in 1954
- Andrew Wiles, proved Fermat's Last Theorem; his field is Number theory
- Lucy Joan Slater, her field is mathematical functions
- James H. Wilkinson, his field is numerical analysis
Greek[change | change source]
Hungary[change | change source]
- Paul Erdős, published around 1,500 mathematical papers during his lifetime, a figure that remains unsurpassed; died 1996
- Peter Lax (American mathematician born in Hungary)
India[change | change source]
Italy[change | change source]
- Gerolamo Cardano, he invented - partially - the gimbal consisting of three concentric rings allowing a supported compass or gyroscope to rotate freely, and the Cardan shaft; died in 1576
Iran[change | change source]
Japan[change | change source]
- Goro Shimura - expert of number theory
- Hiroshi Umemura - former professor at Nagoya University
- Kiyoshi Oka - former professor at Kyoto University
- Kyuya Masuda
- Masaaki Sugihara - former professor at the University of Tokyo
- Masao Iri
- Masatake Mori
- Ryogo Hirota - former professor at Waseda University
- Shinichi Oishi
Morocco[change | change source]
- Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi, wrote Meknes's history and a commentary to the treatise of Ibn al-Banna; a work that explained the mentioned work, was named ["The desire of students for an explanation of the calculator's craving"] Bughyat al-tulab fi sharh munyat al-hussab (including, arithmetic and algebraic methods. died in 1513
Norway[change | change source]
- Niels Henrik Abel, did the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation (en) in radicals; died in 1829 
Romania[change | change source]
- Solomon Marcus, recognised as an initiator of (, or one of the people that started) mathematical linguistics, and mathematical poetics; also a semiotician, he died in 2016
Russia[change | change source]
Switzerland[change | change source]
- Leonhard Euler, was the first to show the notion of (or idea about), a mathematical function;  died in 1783
Syria[change | change source]
- Al-Battani, known for showing several relations within trigonometry; he lived and worked in a city that now belongs to Syria; died in 929
Ukraine[change | change source]
- Leonid Plyushch, died in 2015
Related pages[change | change source]
Further reading[change | change source]
- Circe Mary Silva da Silva, "Entrevista: Elon Lages Lima Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine", Revista Matemática Universitária, Number 33, December 2002, pp. 97–120.
- The Academician Nikola Obreshkov Prize for 1987
- "Nicanor Parra awarded Cervantes Prize". BBC News. 1 December 2011.
- Rodriguez M., Javier (1 December 2011). "El poeta chileno Nicanor Parra, premio Cervantes". El Pais. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Энциклопедия для детей (астрономия). Москва: Аванта+. 1998. ISBN 978-5-89501-016-7.
- Berntsen, Jarle; Lunde, Per (16 March 2017). "Nekrolog: Jacqueline Andreè Naze Tjøtta". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Copeland, B. Jack (Dec 18, 2000). "The Modern History of Computing (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- Newman, M.H.A. (1948). 'General Principles of the Design of All-Purpose Computing Machines'. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series A, 195. pp. 271–274.
- Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019. JSTOR 769256. S2CID 711366.
- Gray, Paul (29 March 1999). "Alan Turing – Time 100 People of the Century". Time. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
Providing a blueprint for the electronic digital computer. The fact remains that everyone who taps at a keyboard, opening a spreadsheet or a word-processing program, is working on an incarnation of a Turing machine.
- Sipser 2006, p. 137 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSipser2006 (help)
- Beavers 2013, p. 481 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBeavers2013 (help)
- According to "Facts about Erdös Numbers and the Collaboration Graph"., using the Mathematical Reviews data base, the next highest article count is roughly 823.
- Jerome Cardan: A Biographical Study. Dodo Press. January 2009. ISBN 9781409959595.
- E. Levi-Provencal, Chorfa, p. 231
- "The Biography of Niels Henrik Abel: His last years". www.abelprize.no. Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
- Encyclopaedia Unversalis (French), vol. 9, 1971, p. 1057-1059, and vol. 13, 1989, p. 837.
- Brokhaus Encyclopedie (German), XVIIth improved edition, vol. 12, MAI-MOS, Wiesbaden, 1971, p. 255-256.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, vol. 15, Macmillan, New York-London, 1977, p. 568-569.
- Dunham 1999, p. 17