List of mathematicians
This is a list of famous mathematicians.
Australia[change | change source]
Azerbaijan[change | change source]
- Jalal Allakhverdiyev, member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (later called the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences; Mathematics; died in 2017
Brazil[change | change source]
Bulgaria[change | change source]
- Lyubomir Ivanov, got the award, Acad. Nikola Obreshkov Prize, the highest Bulgarian award in mathematics.
Chile[change | change source]
- Nicanor Parra, got the Cervantes Prize, the most important literary prize in the Spanish-speaking world
China[change | change source]
- Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Zi, known for authoring Sun Tzu Suan Ching (pinyin: Sun Zi Suan Jing; literally, "Sun Tzu's Calculation Classic"), which contains the Chinese remainder theorem.
- Wu Wenjun, known for the Wu class and the Wu formula are named after him. In the field of automated theorem proving, he is known for Wu's method; died in 2017
- Zhang Heng, made the first seismometer; Astronomy, engineering, meteorology, geology, philosophy, and mathematics; died in 139 A.D.
Croatia[change | change source]
- Roger Joseph Boscovich, maker of a precursor of atomic theory; made the first geometric procedure for finding out the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position; discoverer of the absence of atmosphere on the Moon; he was from a city in what later became Croatia; died in 1787
Czechia[change | change source]
Egypt[change | change source]
- Euclid of Alexandria, known for Euclidean geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean algorithm; died in the middle of 3rd century BC
France[change | change source]
- Jacqueline Naze Tjøtta, the first female mathematical sciences professor in Norway; Applied mathematics, she died in 2017
Great Britain[change | change source]
England[change | change source]
- Charles Babbage, credited with inventing the first mechanical computer (or analytical engine); died in 1871
- Alan Turing, he was important in the development of theoretical computer science, and is known for the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer; died in 1954
- Andrew Wiles, proved Fermat's Last Theorem; his field is Number theory
Greek[change | change source]
Hungary[change | change source]
- Paul Erdős, published around 1,500 mathematical papers during his lifetime, a figure that remains unsurpassed; died 1996
Italy[change | change source]
- Gerolamo Cardano, he invented - partially - the gimbal consisting of three concentric rings allowing a supported compass or gyroscope to rotate freely, and the Cardan shaft; died in 1576
Iran[change | change source]
Morocco[change | change source]
- Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi, wrote Meknes's history and a commentary to the treatise of Ibn al-Banna; a work that explained the mentioned work, was named ["The desire of students for an explanation of the calculator's craving"] Bughyat al-tulab fi sharh munyat al-hussab (including, arithmetic and algebraic methods. died in 1513
Norway[change | change source]
- Niels Henrik Abel, did the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation (en) in radicals; died in 1829 
Romania[change | change source]
- Solomon Marcus, recognised as an initiator of (, or one of the people that started) mathematical linguistics, and mathematical poetics; also a semiotician, he died in 2016
Switzerland[change | change source]
- Leonhard Euler, was the first to show the notion of (or idea about), a mathematical function;  died in 1783
Syria[change | change source]
- Al-Battani, known for showing several relations within trigonometry; he lived and worked in a city that now belongs to Syria; died in 929
Ukraine[change | change source]
- Leonid Plyushch, died in 2015
Other pages[change | change source]
Further reading[change | change source]
- Dunham, William (1999). Euler: The Master of Us All. Mathematical Association of America. ISBN 978-0-88385-328-3. https://books.google.com/books?id=uKOVNvGOkhQC.
- Circe Mary Silva da Silva, "Entrevista: Elon Lages Lima", Revista Matemática Universitária, Number 33, December 2002, pp. 97–120.
- The Academician Nikola Obreshkov Prize for 1987
- "Nicanor Parra awarded Cervantes Prize". BBC News. 1 December 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-15986344.
- Rodriguez M., Javier (1 December 2011). "El poeta chileno Nicanor Parra, premio Cervantes". El Pais. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/cultura/poeta/chileno/Nicanor/Parra/premio/Cervantes/elpepucul/20111130elpepucul_10/Tes. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Энциклопедия для детей (астрономия). Москва: Аванта+. 1998. ISBN 978-5-89501-016-7.
- Berntsen, Jarle; Lunde, Per (16 March 2017). "Nekrolog: Jacqueline Andreè Naze Tjøtta" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. http://www.aftenposten.no/personalia/Nekrolog-Jacqueline-Andre-Naze-Tjotta-617311b.html. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Copeland, B. Jack (Dec 18, 2000). "The Modern History of Computing (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/computing-history/. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- Newman, M.H.A. (1948). ‘General Principles of the Design of All-Purpose Computing Machines’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series A, 195. pp. 271–274.
- Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019.
- Gray, Paul (29 March 1999). "Alan Turing – Time 100 People of the Century". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,990624,00.html. "Providing a blueprint for the electronic digital computer. The fact remains that everyone who taps at a keyboard, opening a spreadsheet or a word-processing program, is working on an incarnation of a Turing machine."
- Sipser 2006, p. 137
- Beavers 2013, p. 481
- According to "Facts about Erdös Numbers and the Collaboration Graph". http://oakland.edu/enp/trivia/., using the Mathematical Reviews data base, the next highest article count is roughly 823.
- Jerome Cardan: A Biographical Study. Dodo Press. January 2009. ISBN 9781409959595. https://books.google.com/?id=GNpEPgAACAAJ.
- E. Levi-Provencal, Chorfa, p. 231
- Encyclopaedia Unversalis (French), vol. 9, 1971, p. 1057-1059, and vol. 13, 1989, p. 837.
- Brokhaus Encyclopedie (German), XVIIth improved edition, vol. 12, MAI-MOS, Wiesbaden, 1971, p. 255-256.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, vol. 15, Macmillan, New York-London, 1977, p. 568-569.
- Dunham 1999, p. 17