List of mathematicians
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Circe Mary Silva da Silva, "Entrevista: Elon Lages Lima", Revista Matemática Universitária, Number 33, December 2002, pp. 97–120.
The Academician Nikola Obreshkov Prize for 1987
"Nicanor Parra awarded Cervantes Prize". BBC News. 1 December 2011.
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Энциклопедия для детей (астрономия). Москва: Аванта+. 1998. ISBN 978-5-89501-016-7.
Berntsen, Jarle; Lunde, Per (16 March 2017). "Nekrolog: Jacqueline Andreè Naze Tjøtta". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 March 2017.
Copeland, B. Jack (Dec 18, 2000). "The Modern History of Computing (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
Newman, M.H.A. (1948). ‘General Principles of the Design of All-Purpose Computing Machines’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series A, 195. pp. 271–274.
Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019.
Gray, Paul (29 March 1999). "Alan Turing – Time 100 People of the Century". Time.
Sipser 2006, p. 137
Beavers 2013, p. 481
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This is a list of famous mathematicians.
Australia[change | change source]
Azerbaijan[change | change source]
- Jalal Allakhverdiyev, member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (later called the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences); Mathematics; died in 2017
Brazil[change | change source]
Bulgaria[change | change source]
- Lyubomir Ivanov, got the award, Acad. Nikola Obreshkov Prize, the highest Bulgarian award in mathematics.
Chile[change | change source]
- Nicanor Parra, got the Cervantes Prize, the most important literary prize in the Spanish-speaking world
China[change | change source]
- Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Zi, known for authoring Sun Tzu Suan Ching (pinyin: Sun Zi Suan Jing; literally, "Sun Tzu's Calculation Classic"), which contains the Chinese remainder theorem.
- Wu Wenjun, known for the Wu class and the Wu formula are named after him. In the field of automated theorem proving, he is known for Wu's method; died in 2017
- Zhang Heng, made the first seismometer; Astronomy, engineering, meteorology, geology, philosophy, and mathematics; died in 139 A.D.
Croatia[change | change source]
- Roger Joseph Boscovich, maker of a precursor of atomic theory; made the first geometric procedure for finding out the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position; discoverer of the absence of atmosphere on the Moon; he was from a city in what later became Croatia; died in 1787
Czechia[change | change source]
Egypt[change | change source]
- Euclid of Alexandria, known for Euclidean geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean algorithm; died in the middle of 3rd century BC
France[change | change source]
- Jacqueline Naze Tjøtta, the first female mathematical sciences professor in Norway; Applied mathematics, she died in 2017
Great Britain[change | change source]
England[change | change source]
- Charles Babbage, credited with inventing the first mechanical computer (or analytical engine); died in 1871
- Alan Turing, he was important in the development of theoretical computer science, and is known for the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer; died in 1954
- Andrew Wiles, proved Fermat's Last Theorem; his field is Number theory
Greek[change | change source]
Hungary[change | change source]
- Paul Erdős, published around 1,500 mathematical papers during his lifetime, a figure that remains unsurpassed; died 1996
Italy[change | change source]
- Gerolamo Cardano, he invented - partially - the gimbal consisting of three concentric rings allowing a supported compass or gyroscope to rotate freely, and the Cardan shaft; died in 1576
Iran[change | change source]
Morocco[change | change source]
- Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi, wrote Meknes's history and a commentary to the treatise of Ibn al-Banna; a work that explained the mentioned work, was named ["The desire of students for an explanation of the calculator's craving"] Bughyat al-tulab fi sharh munyat al-hussab (including, arithmetic and algebraic methods. died in 1513
Norway[change | change source]
- Niels Henrik Abel, did the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation (en) in radicals; died in 1829 
Romania[change | change source]
- Solomon Marcus, recognised as an initiator of (, or one of the people that started) mathematical linguistics, and mathematical poetics; also a semiotician, he died in 2016
Switzerland[change | change source]
- Leonhard Euler, was the first to show the notion of (or idea about), a mathematical function;  died in 1783
Syria[change | change source]
- Al-Battani, known for showing several relations within trigonometry; he lived and worked in a city that now belongs to Syria; died in 929
Ukraine[change | change source]
- Leonid Plyushch, died in 2015
Related pages[change | change source]
Further reading[change | change source]
- Dunham, William (1999). Euler: The Master of Us All. Mathematical Association of America. ISBN 978-0-88385-328-3.
Providing a blueprint for the electronic digital computer. The fact remains that everyone who taps at a keyboard, opening a spreadsheet or a word-processing program, is working on an incarnation of a Turing machine.