Prince Andrew, Duke of York
|Duke of York (more)|
|Born||19 February 1960|
Buckingham Palace, London
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
|Father||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh|
|Years of service||1979–2001 (active service)|
Life[change | change source]
Prince Andrew was born at Buckingham Palace in London. He went to Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, and Gordonstoun in Scotland. Prince Andrew did not go to university, he went to Britannia Royal Naval College instead. In the Navy, he served in the Falklands War, and continued his career, becoming a commander in 1999 and an honorary captain in 2001.
As of 2022, Andrew is a defendant in a lawsuit - Virginia Giuffre v. Prince Andrew - at the lower courts of the federal court system of the United States. The civil lawsuit (see civil law), says that he had sex in 2001 with a female (Virginia Giuffre) that was 17 years old; Prince Andrew "has strongly denied any wrongdoing", media said. The lawsuit is still going on, as of 2022's first quarter.
Friendships[change | change source]
In November 2019, Prince Andrew was interviewed for the BBC television programme Newsnight on 16 November 2019. The interviewer talked about the Prince's friendship with the convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein; They met thru Ghislaine Maxwell. The interview was very bad for the British royal family, because many people who saw the interview thought Prince Andrew was unsympathetic to Epstein's victims.
Personal life[change | change source]
In 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the younger daughter of Ronald Ferguson, the polo manager for the Prince of Wales. They have two daughters from the marriage: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Andrew and Sarah separated in 1992, and divorced in May 1996.
Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]
Titles and styles[change | change source]
- 23 July 1986 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of York[b]
A title he had earlier (19 February 1960 – 23 July 1986) was His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew.
Honours[change | change source]
- Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO), 19 December 1979
- KCVO: Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, 3 June 2003
- GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 21 February 2011
- South Atlantic Medal, with rosette, 1982
- Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal, 1977
- New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal, 1990
- Canadian Forces Decoration
- Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal, 2002
- Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan, 2005
- KG: Knight of the Garter, 23 April 2006
Ranks in the military[change | change source]
- 1979–1981: Midshipman, Britannia Royal Naval College, HMS Seahawk
- 1981–1984: Sub Lieutenant, Pilot, 820 NAS on HMS Invincible;
- 1984–1992: Lieutenant, Pilot, 815 NAS on HMS Brazen; Helicopter Warfare Instructor, 702 NAS at RNAS Culdrose; Flight Commander, 829 NAS on HMS Campbeltown
- 1992–1999: Lieutenant Commander, Captain, HMS Cottesmore; Senior Pilot, 815 NAS at RNAS Portland; Directorate of Naval Operations, British Ministry of Defence
- 1999–2005: Commander, Diplomacy Section of the Naval Staff. Released from the active list in 2001.
- 2005–2010: Honorary Captain
- 2010–2015: Rear Admiral
- 2015–: Vice-admiral
Appointments[change | change source]
He had military appointments:
Honorary military appointments[change | change source]
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Canadian Airborne Regiment (disbanded)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Louise Fusiliers
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)
In New Zealand he had military appointments:
In the UK he had military appointments:
- Honorary Air Commodore of the Royal Air Force Lossiemouth
- Commodore-in-Chief of the Fleet Air Arm
- Colonel-in-Chief of the 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence Regiment)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Small Arms School Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot)
- Royal Colonel of the Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
- Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps
Arms[change | change source]
- 1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England.)
- 2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland.)
- 3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland.)
The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure. The anchor is in reference to his naval career.
The arms are identical to those his grandfather George VI used when still Duke of York.
Other websites[change | change source]
Notes[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
- "Prince Andrew stepping back from royal duties". BBC News. November 20, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- Landler, Mark (December 2, 2019). "Prince Andrew's Accuser Takes Her Case to the BBC". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- Quinn, Ben (20 November 2019). "Prince Andrew to step back from public duties 'for foreseeable future'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- Taylor, Sammi (November 10, 2019). "'I was trafficked to billionaires, politicians, even royalty'". www.9news.com.au. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935. Retrieved 13 January 2022
- *Prince Andrew: Judge refuses to throw out Virginia Giuffre's sexual assault lawsuit against royal. January 12, 2022
- "As it happened: Prince Andrew's Interview". BBC News. 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- Adam, Karla (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew's Epstein interview roundly panned: 'nuclear explosion level bad'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- Lewis, Aimee (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew sparks near-universal condemnation with TV interview". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935. Retrieved 13 January 2022
- "Prince Andrew loses military titles and patronages". BBC News. 13 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
- "No. 56951". The London Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.
- "No. 59705". The London Gazette. 21 February 2011. p. 3089.
- "Honours of the Crown". Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- "No. 56295". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 7 August 2001. p. 9327.
- "No. 57705". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 19 July 2005. p. 9323.
- "No. 59341". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 23 February 2010. p. 3085.
- "No. 61160". The London Gazette (2nd supplement). 3 March 2015. p. 3798.
- "Honours and Decorations". The Duke of York. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2020.