Suriname cherry

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Surinam cherry
Eugenia uniflora fruits.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eugenia
Species:
E. uniflora
Binomial name
Eugenia uniflora
Synonyms[1]
List
    • Eugenia arechavaletae Herter
    • Eugenia costata Cambess.
    • Eugenia dasyblasta (O.Berg) Nied.
    • Eugenia decidua Merr.
    • Eugenia indica Nicheli
    • Eugenia lacustris Barb. Rodr.
    • Eugenia michelii Lam.
    • Eugenia microphylla Barb. Rodr.
    • Eugenia myrtifolia Salisb.
    • Eugenia oblongifolia (O.Berg) Arechav.
    • Eugenia oblongifolia (O.Berg) Nied. nom. illeg.
    • Eugenia strigosa (O.Berg) Arechav.
    • Eugenia willdenowii (Spreng.) DC. nom. illeg.
    • Eugenia zeylanica Willd.
    • Luma arechavaletae (Herter) Herter
    • Luma costata (Cambess.) Herter
    • Luma dasyblasta (O.Berg) Herter
    • Luma strigosa (O.Berg) Herter
    • Myrtus brasiliana L.
    • Myrtus willdenowii Spreng.
    • Plinia pedunculata L.f.
    • Plinia petiolata L. nom. illeg.
    • Plinia rubra L.
    • Plinia tetrapetala L.
    • Stenocalyx affinis O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx brunneus O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx costatus (Cambess.) O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx dasyblastus O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx glaber O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx impunctatus O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx lucidus O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx michelii (Lam.) O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx nhampiri Barb. Rodr.
    • Stenocalyx oblongifolius O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx rhampiri Barb.Rodr.
    • Stenocalyx ruber (L.) Kausel
    • Stenocalyx strigosus O.Berg
    • Stenocalyx uniflorus (L.) Kausel
    • Syzygium michelii (Lam.) Duthie
Pitanga, (surinam-cherry), raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 138 kJ (33 kcal)
Carbohydrates 7.49 g
Fat 0.4 g
Protein 0.8 g
Vitamin A equiv. 75 μg (8%)
Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.03 mg (2%)
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.04 mg (3%)
Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.3 mg (2%)
Vitamin C 26.3 mg (44%)
Calcium 9 mg (1%)
Iron 0.2 mg (2%)
Magnesium 12 mg (3%)
Phosphorus 11 mg (2%)
Potassium 103 mg (2%)
Sodium 3 mg (0%)
Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

The Suriname cherry (Eugenia uniflora),[2] also known as the pitanga, Brazilian cherry,[2] Cayenne cherry,[3] or Cerisier Carré[2][4] is a plant which mostly grows on South America's east coast. It is in the family Myraceae (the myrtles). The plant may look like a cherry, but is not related to true cherries. The Suriname cherry can be found from Suriname, French Guiana to southern Brazil, as well as parts of Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay.[4][5][6] It is known as pitanga throughout Brazil and Uruguay, or ñangapirí in surrounding countriesThe plant is realtively easy to grow, resists pests well, and high in antioxidants.[7] The tree is also grown in the West Indies, specifically in Haiti, where it is known as Cerisier Carré, as is in French Guiana.[4] The Suriname cherry is often used in gardens as a hedge or screen. The tree was introduced to Bermuda for ornamental purposes but is now out of control and listed as an invasive species.[8] In Suriname this cherry is known as Monkimonki Kersie, also Montjimontji Kersie. The tree has also been introduced to Florida.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Eugenia uniflora". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  3. "Weeds of Australia: Eugenia uniflora". Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Duke, James A. (2009). "Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America". p. 309. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  5. Berry Helped to Put Reality Show Chef on Top - New York Times
  6. Morton, Julia (1987). "Surinam cherry". Fruits of warm climates. Miami, FL. pp. 386–388.
  7. A curious crop | The Honolulu Advertiser
  8. "Bermuda Conservation - Surinam Cherry". Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
  9. "Surinam Cherry: Only Ripe Need Apply". Retrieved April 28, 2017.