Chad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from List of cities in Chad)
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Chad
République du Tchad
جمهورية تشاد
Ǧumhūriyyat Tšād
Motto: "Unité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress"
Anthem: "La Tchadienne"
The Chadian Hymn
Capital
and largest city
N'Djamena
12°06′N 16°02′E / 12.1°N 16.033°E / 12.1; 16.033
Official languages French
Arabic
Ethnic groups (1993) Sara 27.7%
Arab 12.3%
Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%
Kanem-Bornou 9%
Ouaddai 8.7%
Hadjarai 6.7%
Tandjile 6.5%
Gorane 6.3%
Fitri-Batha 4.7%
other 6.4%
unknown 0.3%
Demonym Chadian
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Idriss Déby
 -  Prime Minister Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
Independence
 -  from France August 11, 1960 
Area
 -  Total 1,284,000 km2 (21st)
495,753 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.9
Population
 -  2009 estimate 10,329,208[1] (74th)
 -  1993 census 6,279,921
 -  Density 8.0/km2 (212th)
20.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $18.261 billion[2] (123rd)
 -  Per capita $1,743[2] (150th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $9.535 billion[2] (130th)
 -  Per capita $910[2] (151st)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.328
low · 183rd
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC+1)
Calling code 235
Internet TLD .td

Chad (French: Tchad; Arabic: تشاد, officially called Republic of Chad), is a landlocked country in Central Africa. The capital is N'Djamena. (A capital is the city where the government is.) It was owned by the French until 1960.[1] It suffers from poverty, illness, drought, and armed conflicts. In 2011, the population of Chad was 11,525,000.[3]

Arabic and French are the official languages. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions.

Geography[change | change source]

View of Chari River

Chad is the world's 21st-largest country. It is slightly smaller than Peru and slightly larger than South Africa.[4][5] To the north is Libya, to the south is the Central African Republic, to the east is Sudan, and to the west are Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger.

The country's capital is 1,060 kilometres (660 mi) from the nearest seaport Douala, Cameroon.[6][7] Due to this distance from the sea and the country's largely desert climate, Chad is sometimes called the "Dead Heart of Africa".[8]

Lake Chad is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. Lake Chad was 330,000 square kilometres (130,000 sq mi) 7000 years ago. Now it is 17,806 square kilometres (6,875 sq mi). Chad's highest peak is the Emi Koussi in the Sahara.

The region's tall grasses and large amount of marshes make it good for birds, reptiles, and large mammals. Chad's major rivers are the Chari and Logone.

Regions[change | change source]

Regions of Chad

Since February 2008, Chad is divided into 22 regions. Before it was divided into 14 prefectures.

The regions are:

  1. Batha
  2. Chari-Baguirmi
  3. Hadjer-Lamis
  4. Wadi Fira
  5. Bahr el Gazel
  6. Borkou
  7. Ennedi
  8. Guéra
  9. Kanem
  10. Lac
  11. Logone Occidental
  1. Logone Oriental
  2. Mandoul
  3. Mayo-Kebbi Est
  4. Mayo-Kebbi Ouest
  5. Moyen-Chari
  6. Ouaddaï
  7. Salamat
  8. Sila
  9. Tandjilé
  10. Tibesti
  11. N'Djamena

Cities[change | change source]

The largest cities in Chad are:

  1. N'Djamena - 704,200
  2. Moundou - 136,900
  3. Sarh - 100,100
  4. Abéché - 72,500
  5. Kélo - 41,500
  6. Koumra - 35,400
  7. Pala - 34,600
  8. Am Timan - 28,200
  9. Bongor - 27,100
  10. Mongo - 27,100

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Chad". The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cd.html. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Chad". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=628&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=65&pr.y=7. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  3. Collins School World Atlas (Third ed.). Collins. 2013. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-00-748441-6 .
  4. "Chad", The World Factbook.
  5. "Rank Order – Area"
  6. "Chad",Encyclopædia Britannica.
  7. "Chad". United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
  8. D. Botha, "S.H. Frankel"