Comoros

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Union of the Comoros
Union des Comores  (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
الاتحاد القمري (Arabic)
al-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī/Qamarī
Motto: "Unité – Solidarité – Développement"  (French)
"Unity – Solidarity – Development"
Anthem: Udzima wa ya Masiwa  (Comorian)
"The Unity of the Great Islands"
Capital
and largest city
Moroni
11°41′S 43°16′E / 11.683°S 43.267°E / -11.683; 43.267
Official languages Comorian
Arabic
French
Demonym Comoran(s)[1]
Government Federal republic
 -  President Ikililou Dhoinine
 -  Vice President 1. Fouad Mohadji
2. Mohamed Ali Soilih
3. Nourdine Bourhane
Legislature Assembly of the Union
Independence
 -  from France 6 July 1975 
Area
 -  Total 2,235 km2 (178th (incl. Mayotte))
863 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2010 estimate 798,000a (163rd)
 -  Density 275/km2 (25th)
712.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $869 million[2] (179th)
 -  Per capita $1,252[2] (165th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $595 million[2] (177th)
 -  Per capita $858[2] (155th)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.433
low · 163rd
Currency Comorian franc (KMF)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +269
Internet TLD .km
a. Excluding Mayotte.

Comoros (officially called Union of the Comoros) is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and mainland Africa. The capital is Moroni on Grande Comore. The population (except for Mayotte) is about 798,000 people.

The Comoros Islands are in the Indian Ocean, between Mozambique and Madagascar. It is the southernmost member state of the Arab League.

There are 4 islands from west to east: Grande Cormore, Moheli, Anjouan and Mayotte. All the islands are of volcanic origin.

Mayotte is French overseas territory. The other islands form the independent state of Comoros.

The country has a history with many coup d'état since independence in 1975. As of 2008 about half the people live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.[3]

Mount Karthala, an active shield volcano on Ngazidja, is the country's highest point. It had a minor eruption in May 2006.

Cities[change | edit source]

Anjouan

Grande Comore

Mohéli

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Comoros at Wikimedia Commons