The Roman alphabet is the alphabet used for many modern-day languages. It came from the Greek alphabet. The earliest alphabet was in Egypt[source?]. It was first used to write Latin. Many languages are written with it today. It is also called the Latin alphabet.
Letters of the alphabet [change]
Original Latin alphabet [change]
|Latin name of letter:||ā||bē||cē||dē||ē||ef||gē||hā||ī||kā||el||em||en||ō||pē||qū||er||es||tē||ū||ex||ī Graeca||zēta|
|Latin name (IPA):||[aː]||[beː]||[keː]||[deː]||[eː]||[ɛf]||[geː]||[haː]||[iː]||[kaː]||[ɛl]||[ɛm]||[ɛn]||[oː]||[peː]||[kuː]||[ɛr]||[ɛs]||[teː]||[uː]||[ɛks]||[iː 'graɪka]||['zeːta]|
Modern alphabet [change]
The modern version of the alphabet is used for writing many languages. European languages are mostly written with the Latin alphabet. These languages include German, English, and Spanish. Some languages, like Việtnamese, use an extended Latin alphabet, including diacritics for things such as tones. It uses the following letters:
Other versions [change]
Some other languages have different characters based on this alphabet. A few are: á, é, í, ó, ẹ, ị, ọ, ụ, ã, ả, ẻ, ỉ, ỏ, ủ, ñ, č, ď, ě, í, ň, ř, š, ť, ú, ů, ž and đ. Some languages that use these characters are Finnish, Esperanto, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Vietnamese, and Igbo.
Many languages changed their writing systems to the Roman alphabet. In many countries, European settlers have made native people use the Latin alphabet. When the Soviet Union broke up, many Eastern European countries began using the Roman alphabet instead of the Cyrillic alphabet. After World War II, many Turkish countries changed their original alphabets (Arab, Persian or Cyrillic) to the Latin alphabet. The Latin Alphabet in Turkish countries started to be used by Kemal Ataturk in Turkey. It is now used in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan.[source?] See also Romanization of Japanese.