|Capital||Seleucia on the Tigris
(305 BC-240 BC)
(240 BC-64 BC)
|Religion||Ancient Greek religion
|- 305 BC-281 BC||Seleucus I Nicator|
|- 65 BC-63 BC||Philip II Philoromaeus|
|- Partition of Babylon||323 BC|
|- Syria made Roman province||63 BC|
The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic (or Ancient Greeks) successor state of Alexander the Great's dominion. At its greatest extent, the Empire comprised central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, Turkmenistan, Pamir and the Indus Valley.
Primarily, it was the successor to the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, and was followed there by the Islamic Caliphate (Rashidun Empire) conquest and rule, from 650s to 660s AD. Later on, much of this area became part of the Umayyad Empire and then the Abbasid Empire.
There were over 30 kings of the Seleucid dynasty from 323 to 60 BC.
The partition of Alexander's empire (323-281 BC)[change | edit source]
Alexander the Great had conquered the Persian Empire later he died young, leaving his huge empire of partly Hellenized culture without an adult heir. The empire was put under the management of a regent in the person of Perdiccas in 323 BC, and the territories were divided between Alexander's generals, who thereby became satraps, at the Partition of Babylon in 323 BC.