The Taliban is an Afghan Islamic militia (an unofficial armed group in a war). It also made a government for five years, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. It was formed in 1994 in south Afghanistan and was helped by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. When the Taliban ruled in Afghanistan (1996-2001), it put in place one of the most extreme types of Islamic law (Shari'ah) in the Muslim world. Most criticism of the Taliban came from important Muslim scholars. They became known around the world for their bad treatment of women.
Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, the United States overthrew the Taliban government for not sending Osama bin Laden and several al-Qaida members to the American government. The American government said that these people did the 9/11 attacks in New York and Washington, but the Taliban asked for proof of this rather than handing them over.
The Taliban is still fighting the US and the Afghan government in parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- Rashid 2000, p. 29
- Dupree Hatch, Nancy. "Afghan Women under the Taliban" in Maley, William. Fundamentalism Reborn? Afghanistan and the Taliban. London: Hurst and Company, 2001, pp. 145–166.