YouTube

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YouTube, Inc.
Type Subsidiary of Google (YouTube is owned by Google)
When it was created February 15, 2005
Headquarters San Bruno, California, U.S. United States
Key people Chad Hurley, Founder & CEO (Chief Executive Officer)
Steve Chen (Youtube), Founder & CTO (Chief technical officer)
Jawed Karim, Founder & Advisor
Owner(s) Google
Employees 67 (2006)
Website www.youtube.com
(English only)

YouTube is a free video sharing website that lets people upload, view, and share videos. Videos can be rated, and the number of times a video has been watched is put on the site. At the moment, Google (a search engine company) owns and operates YouTube. Many different types of videos can be put onto the website. YouTube was started in February 2005 by three former workers of PayPal.[1]

Banning[change | change source]

YouTube is blocked in many schools because it allows children to search for videos online that would otherwise distract them from their lessons, much like how other social networking sites and game sites are blocked for the same purpose. But at a higher level than schools (and in workplaces), even some governments have blocked YouTube access to their country's public, but their reasons can vary.[source?]

Iran[change | change source]

On December 3, 2006, the government of Iran blocked YouTube and several other sites in an attempt to stop films and music from other countries from being seen.[2]

Turkey[change | change source]

Turkey blocked YouTube on March 6 2007 for letting videos that were mean to Turks and Atatürk, who is the founder of modern Turkey, to be shown, because of a "virtual war" between Greeks, Armenians, Kurds and Turks on YouTube, with people from each side posting videos to hurt the other.[3] The video that caused banning alleged Turks and Atatürk to be 'gay'. The video was first mentioned on Turkish CNN and the Istanbul public prosecutor sued YouTube for being mean to Turkishness.[4] The court suspended access to YouTube while waiting for the removal of the video. The ban was strongly criticized. YouTube lawyers sent documentary of removal to court and users could access the website again on March 9 2007.[5]

Thailand[change | change source]

During the week of March 8, YouTube was blocked in Thailand.[6] Many bloggers (people who have a "diary" online) believed the reason YouTube was blocked was because of a video of the former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's speech on CNN. However, the government did not confirm or give reasons for the ban. YouTube was accessible from March 10.

On the night of April 3, YouTube was again blocked in Thailand.[7] The government said it was because of a video on the site that it said was "insulting" to King Bhumibol Adulyadej.[8]. The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology claimed that it would unblock YouTube in a few days, after websites containing references to this video are blocked instead of the entire website.[9] Communications Minister Sitthichai Pookaiyaudom said, "When they decide to withdraw the clip, we will withdraw the ban."[10] Soon after this incident the internet technology blog Mashable was banned from Thailand over the reporting of the YouTube clips in question.[11]

Brazilian model lawsuit and banning that came after[change | change source]

YouTube is being sued by Brazilian model and MTV VJ Daniela Cicarelli (better known as Ronaldo's ex-fiancée) on the grounds that the site is making available a video footage made by a paparazzi, in which she and her boyfriend are having sex on a Spanish beach. The lawsuit says that YouTube has to be blocked in Brazil until all copies of the video are removed. On Saturday, January 6, 2007, a legal injunction ordered that filters be put in place to prevent users in Brazil from going to the website.[12][13]

The effectiveness of the measure has been questioned, since the video is not available only on YouTube, but rather has become an Internet phenomenon. On Tuesday, January 9, 2007, the same court overturned their earlier decision, ordering the filters to be taken down, even though the footage was still forbidden, but without technical support for its blockage.[14]

Morocco[change | change source]

On May 25, 2007 the state-owned company Maroc Telecom blocked all access to YouTube.[15] There were no reasons given why YouTube was blocked. But the guesses are that it might have something to do with some pro-separatist group Polisario clips (Polisario is the Western Sahara independence movement) or because of some videos that criticized King Mohammed VI. This block did not concern the other two private internet-providers, Wana and Meditel. YouTube became accessible again on May 30th, 2007 after Maroc Telecom unofficially announced that the denied access to the website was only a "technical glitch".[16]

Australia[change | change source]

In Australia, some schools, including all secondary schools in Victoria, have YouTube blocked from student access, after fights have been posted on YouTube.

China[change | change source]

Currently in China the government has blocked YouTube. For several years it has been unblocked but since the past Five years it has been blocked.

Terms of service[change | change source]

According the site's terms of service[17], users may upload videos only if they have the permission of the copyright holder and of the people in the video. Pornography, defamation, harassment, commercials and videos that encourage criminal conduct may not be uploaded. The uploader gives YouTube permission to give out and change the uploaded video for any purpose, and they do not have permission anymore when the uploader deletes the video from the site. Users may view videos on the site but are not allowed to save them on their computers.

Localization[change | change source]

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt was in Paris to launch the new localization system.[18] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 75 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[19][20]

The interface of the YouTube website is available in 61 language versions, including Bengali, Persian, and Urdu, which do not have local channel versions.

References[change | change source]

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Other websites[change | change source]