2014 International Congress of Mathematicians

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2014 International Congress of Mathematicians
Part of International Congress of Mathematicians
DateAugust 13–21, 2014 (2014-08-13 – 2014-08-21)
LocationSeoul, South Korea
ThemeDreams and Hopes for Late Starters
Previous2010 International Congress of Mathematicians
Following2018 International Congress of Mathematicians
Websiteicm2014.org

2014 International Congress of Mathematicians was the twenty-seventh International Congress of Mathematicians held in Seoul, South Korea from August 13 to August 21, 2014.[1][2][3][4]

The theme of the congress was "Dreams and Hopes for Late Starters". South Korean National Assembly passed a resolution in favor of the Seoul International Congress of Mathematicians in November 2013,[5][6] and the South Korean government declared 2014 as the Korean Mathematical Year to maximize the impact of the Seoul International Congress of Mathematicians on Korea.[7][8] Several large companies made important donations to this Congress highlighting the growing importance of mathematics.

5,000 mathematicians from 125 countries participated in the Seoul Congress.[9] The organizing committee of the 2014 International Congress of Mathematicians invited 1,000 mathematicians from developing countries to this congress.[10]

During this Congress, a Fields medal was awarded for the first time to a female mathematician, specifically to Maryam Mirzakhani,[11][12][13] and the first Fields Medal to a mathematician from Brazil, to Artur Ávila.[14][15] This Congress also emphasized mathematics outreach programs. Public lectures by Jim Simons and the Leelavati Award winner, Baduk matches against renowned teachers, and the showing of math films, to name a few, were made possible through the efforts of the Congress outreach team.

This Congress is the fourth organized in Asia, after 1990 in Japan, 2010 in India and 2002 in China.

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The 2014 International Congress of Mathematicians logo features two golden spirals that grow and expand in time with the golden ratio. It represents growth in mathematical order and symbolizes the dreams and hopes of late starters.

The S-shaped logo is reminiscent of the S in Seoul, as is the “Taegeukgi” image on the Korean flag. Tae-Geuk symbolizes the harmony of Yin and Yang. The red color is Yang, love and passion. The blue color is Yin, intelligence and dream. Yin and Yang, however, start out with the same color and shape, representing the unity of the universe.

Place[change | change source]

In 2010, in Bangalore, the General Assembly of the International Mathematical Union voted in favor of Seoul's candidacy for the 2014 International Congress of Mathematicians.[16] The proposal was presented by the South Korean Mathematical Society and defended by Hyung Ju Park.[8]

South Korea's only drawback was its relatively short history of research in modern mathematics.[17]

The Korean government provided the local committee of the Congress a cash grant of USD 250,000 to assist them with all their bidding efforts.[18] Furthermore, South Korean President Myung-bak Lee wrote a letter of support to accompany the congressional proposal.[19] Also, the Korean government made the decision to offer financial support to the International Congress of Mathematicians in Seoul. The support exceeded 3,000,000 USD.

The expectation of the 2014 International Congress of Mathematicians was to be a turning point for mathematics in South Korea; reach the public and that these are recognized by society.

During the Congress, South Korea was in the middle of an educational crisis affecting mathematics.[20][21][22][23]

Awards[change | change source]

Fields Medalists from left to right Artur Ávila, Martin Hairer (back), Maryam Mirzakhani, (with her daughter, Anahita) and Manjul Bhargava

The Fields Medals were awarded to Maryam Mirzakhani[24] for her work on mathematical surfaces,[25] to Artur Ávila[26] for his work on dynamical systems,[27] to Manjul Bhargava[28] for his work on number theory,[29][30] and to Martin Hairer[31] for his work on differential equations.[32][33]

The Nevanlinna Prize went to Subhash Khot, for his work in understanding the complexity of algorithms and finding ways to make them more efficient. The Gauss Prize was awarded to Stanley Osher for his work with applications in image processing and computer vision. And the Chern Medal was awarded to Phillip Griffiths for his work in algebraic geometry, differential geometry, and differential equations.[34][35]

Adrián Paenza, received the Leelavati Award for his decisive contributions to changing the mentality of an entire country about how it perceives mathematics.[36][37]

References[change | change source]

  1. Herald, The Korea (2010-03-30). "International math union to visit Seoul". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  2. Barany, Michael J. (2014-08-08). "Opinion | How Math Got Its 'Nobel'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  3. Service (KOCIS), Korean Culture and Information. "Seoul hosts world's largest math conference : Korea.net : The official website of the Republic of Korea". www.korea.net. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  4. "Fields, fun and food: The ICM 2014". Plus Maths. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  5. "First mathematicians congress for Korea opens". koreajoongangdaily.joins.com. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  6. "+: Korean Mathematical Society :+". www.kms.or.kr. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  7. Service (KOCIS), Korean Culture and Information. "Curiosity leads math development: 2014 Seoul ICM : Korea.net : The official website of the Republic of Korea". www.korea.net. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "ICM serves as the meeting place for the most notable achievements in mathematics". uia.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  9. "Comienza la gran fiesta de las matemáticas". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). 2014-08-13. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  10. "Korea: The 2014 International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) hosts". www.alphagalileo.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  11. August 18; 2014; Comments. "Maryam Mirzakhani's Fields Medal: A long-overdue first in mathematics - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 2022-02-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  12. "Mathématiques : pour la première fois, une femme reçoit la médaille Fields". Le Monde.fr (in French). 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  13. "Stanford mathematician first female winner of Fields prize". www.science.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  14. Materia, Ágata A. Timón / (2014-08-22). ""Puedo ser un símbolo para mantener presentes las matemáticas en Brasil"". Libertad Digital (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  15. Romero, Simon (2014-08-28). "From a Compound in the Brazilian Hills, Excellence in Math Emerges". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  16. "BUCM :: 2+2=5 :: Biblioteca Complutense". webs.ucm.es. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  17. Park, Hyungju (2013-06-20). "Grüße von den Organisatoren des ICM 2014 - Seoul, Korea". Mitteilungen der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung. 21 (2): 72. doi:10.1515/dmvm-2013-0029. ISSN 0942-5977. S2CID 176508184.
  18. "GWI Raises $250,000 for ICM - Gulf Winds". 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  19. "Letter" (PDF). Korea Institute for Advanced Study. 2014. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  20. Woo-young, Lee (2012-01-10). "Students allowed to use calculators in math class". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  21. Bermeo, Elizabeth (2014). "South Korea's successful education system: lessons and policy implications for Peru". ResearchGate. 41 (2): 135–151. doi:10.1007/s40483-014-0019-0. S2CID 154943406.
  22. Barkhorn, Eleanor (2014-01-15). "America's Math Textbooks Are More Rigorous Than South Korea's". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  23. Koo, Se-Woong (2014-08-01). "Opinion | An Assault Upon Our Children". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  24. "Maryam Mirzakhani: counting curves". Plus Maths. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  25. "International Congress of Mathematicians". www.icm2014.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  26. "Artur Avila: taming chaos". Plus Maths. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  27. "International Congress of Mathematicians". www.icm2014.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  28. "Manjul Bhargava: revealing numbers". Plus Maths. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  29. "International Congress of Mathematicians". www.icm2014.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  30. Alladi, Krishnaswami (2014-09-24). "Manjul Bhargava's Fields Medal and beyond". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  31. "Martin Hairer: at the interface". Plus Maths. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  32. "International Congress of Mathematicians". www.icm2014.org. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  33. "Fields Medals 2014: prizes for maths work that few of us can grasp". the Guardian. 2014-08-13. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  34. "Fields Medals, Nevanlinna Prize Go to Simons Grantees". Simons Foundation. 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  35. "Korea.net". Korea.net. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  36. Ruíz, Clara Isabel Grima (2014). "Entrevista a Adrián Paenza, ganador del Premio Leelavati de la IMU 2014". Gaceta de la Real Sociedad Matematica Española. 17 (4): 695–704. ISSN 1138-8927.
  37. lainformacion.com (2017-01-21). "Adrián Paenza, divulgador mundial de la Matemática, denuncia el trato "injusto" a esta ciencia en el sistema educativo". La Información (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-05-14.