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List of World Heritage Sites in India

This article is about a World Heritage Site
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Fine detail of flowers in marble at the Taj Mahal

The List of World Heritage Sites in India is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

History[change | change source]

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries.[1]

India agreed to take part in the World Heritage Convention in 1977.[2]

List[change | change source]

The World Heritage Site (WHS)[3] list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

As of 2020, there are 38 WHS places in India.[4]

  • 30 cultural sites[4]
  • 7 natural sites[4]
  • And one composite.

There are 48 sites which are on a tentative list.[4]

Table[change | change source]

Image Location Notes
Agra Fort (1983)[5] Uttar Pradesh cultural site
Ajanta Caves Maharashtra (1983)[6] cultural site
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi[7] Madhya Pradesh cultural site
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park[8] Gujarat cultural site
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)[9] Maharashtra cultural site
Churches and Convents of Goa[10] Velha Goa (Old Goa), Goa cultural site
Elephanta Caves[11] Maharashtra cultural site
Ellora Caves[12] Maharashtra cultural site
Fatehpur Sikri[13] Uttar Pradesh cultural site
Great Living Chola Temples[14] Tamil Nadu cultural site
Group of Monuments at Hampi[15] Bellary District, Karnataka cultural site
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram[16] Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu cultural site
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal[17] Pattadakal cultural site
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi[18] Delhi cultural site
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur[19] Jaipur, Rajasthan cultural site
Khajuraho Group of Monuments[20] Madhya Pradesh cultural site
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya[21] Bihar cultural site
Mountain Railways of India[22] Darjeeling, Nilgiriy, Kalka-Shimla cultural site
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi[23] Delhi cultural site
Red Fort Complex[24] Delhi cultural site
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka[25] Madhya Pradesh cultural site
Sundarbans National Park[26] West Bengal natural site
Sun Temple, Konârak[27] Puri District, Orissa cultural site
Taj Mahal[28]
Uttar Pradesh cultural site

Tentative list[change | change source]

The Tentative List consists of sites which have been nominated. The evaluation process is not yet completed.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. UNESCO, "Constitution"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  2. UNESCO, "States Parties: Ratification Status"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  3. WHS is an acronym. WHS stands for "World Heritage Site".
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 UNESCO, "India"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  5. UNESCO, "Agra Fort"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  6. UNESCO, "Ajanta Caves"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  7. UNESCO, "Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  8. UNESCO, "Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  9. UNESCO, "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  10. UNESCO, "Churches and Convents of Goa"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  11. UNESCO, "Elephanta Caves"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  12. UNESCO, "Ellora Caves"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  13. UNESCO, "Fatehpur Sikri"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  14. UNESCO, "Great Living Chola Temples"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  15. UNESCO, "Group of Monuments at Hampi"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  16. UNESCO, "Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  17. UNESCO, "Group of Monuments at Pattadakal"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  18. UNESCO, "Humayun's Tomb, Delhi"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  19. UNESCO, "The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  20. UNESCO, "Khajuraho Group of Monuments"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  21. UNESCO, "Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  22. UNESCO, "Mountain Railways of India"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  23. UNESCO, "Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  24. UNESCO, "Red Fort Complex"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  25. UNESCO, "Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  26. UNESCO, "Sundarbans National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  27. UNESCO, "Sun Temple, Konârak"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  28. UNESCO, "Taj Mahal"; retrieved 2012-7-16.
  29. UNESCO, "Buddhist Monastery Complex, Alchi, Leh, known as Alchi Chos-kor"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  30. UNESCO, "Golconda Fort, Hyderbad, Andhra Pradesh"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  31. UNESCO, "Dholavira: a Harappan City, Gujarat, Disstt, Kachchh"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  32. UNESCO, "Mattanchery Palace, Ernakulam, Kerala"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  33. UNESCO, "Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, Sasaram, Bihar"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  34. UNESCO, "Group of Monuments at Mandu, Madhya Pradesh"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  35. UNESCO, "Ancient Buddhist Site, Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  36. UNESCO, "Hemis Gompa"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  37. UNESCO, "Sri Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  38. UNESCO, "River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam"; retrieved 2012-7-12.
  39. UNESCO, "Namdapha National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  40. UNESCO, "Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  41. UNESCO, "Kangchendzonga National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  42. UNESCO, "Urban and Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  43. UNESCO, "The Matheran Light Railway (extension to the Mountain Railways of India)"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  44. UNESCO, "The Kangra Valley Railway - Extension to the Mountain Railways of India"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  45. UNESCO, "Churchgate - Extension to Mumbai CST"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  46. UNESCO, "The Maharaja Railways of India"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  47. UNESCO, "Oak Grove School"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  48. UNESCO, "Excavated Remains at Nalanda"; retrieved 2012-7-13.
  49. UNESCO, "Great Himalayan National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  50. UNESCO, "Bhitarkanika Conservation Area"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  51. UNESCO, "Neora Valley National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  52. UNESCO, "Desert National Park"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  53. UNESCO, "Silk Road Sites in India"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  54. UNESCO, "Santiniketan"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  55. UNESCO, "The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  56. UNESCO, "Mughal Gardens in Kashmir"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  57. UNESCO, "Hill Forts of Rajasthan"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  58. UNESCO, "Historic city of Ahmadabad"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  59. UNESCO, "The Victorian & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai"; retrieved 2012-7-14.
  60. UNESCO, "Delhi - A Heritage City"; retrieved 2012-7-14.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to World Heritage Sites in India at Wikimedia Commons