Ming dynasty

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Great Ming
大明

1368–1644
 

Ming China around 1580
Capital Nanjing
(1368-1421)
Beijing
(1421-1644)
Language(s) Chinese
Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 - 1368-1398 Hongwu Emperor
 - 1627-1644 Chongzhen Emperor
Chancellor
 - 1538-1539; 1539-1541; 1541-1542; 1545-1548 Xia Yan
 - 1544-1545; 1548-1562 Yan Song
 - 1571-1572 Gao Gong
 - 1572-1582 Zhang Juzheng
 - 1612-1614; 1621-1624 Ye Xianggao
 - 1624 Zhu Guozhen
History
 - Established in Nanjing January 23, 1368 1368
 - Fall of Beijing to Li Zicheng June 6, 1644 1644
 - End of the Southern Ming April, 1662
Area
 - 1450 6,500,000 km2 (2,509,664 sq mi)
Population
 - 1393 est. 72,700,000 
 - 1400 est. 65,000,000 
 - 1600 est. 150,000,000 
 - 1644 est. 100,000,000 
Currency Chinese cash, Chinese coin, Paper currency (later abolished)

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644 AD) after the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

China was then known as the Empire of the Great Ming. The Ming was described as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history".[1] It was the last imperial dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese.

The Ming's main capital of Beijing fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng, who established the Shun dynasty. This was soon replaced by the Manchu-led Qing dynasty. Regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683.

References[change | change source]

  1. Edwin Oldfather Reischauer, John King Fairbank & Albert M. Craig 1960. A history of East Asian civilization, Volume 1. East Asia: the great tradition. London: Allen & Unwin.