|Religion||Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion|
|- 1368-1398||Hongwu Emperor|
|- 1627-1644||Chongzhen Emperor|
|- 1538-1539; 1539-1541; 1541-1542; 1545-1548||Xia Yan|
|- 1544-1545; 1548-1562||Yan Song|
|- 1571-1572||Gao Gong|
|- 1572-1582||Zhang Juzheng|
|- 1612-1614; 1621-1624||Ye Xianggao|
|- 1624||Zhu Guozhen|
|- Established in Nanjing||January 23, 1368 1368|
|- Fall of Beijing to Li Zicheng||June 6, 1644 1644|
|- End of the Southern Ming||April, 1662|
|- 1450||6,500,000 km2 (2,509,664 sq mi)|
|- 1393 est.||72,700,000|
|- 1400 est.||65,000,000|
|- 1600 est.||150,000,000|
|- 1644 est.||100,000,000|
|Currency||Chinese cash, Chinese coin, Paper currency (later abolished)|
China was then known as the Empire of the Great Ming. The Ming was described as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history". It was the last imperial dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese.
The Ming's main capital of Beijing fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng, who established the Shun dynasty. This was soon replaced by the Manchu-led Qing dynasty. Regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683.
References[change | change source]
- Edwin Oldfather Reischauer, John King Fairbank & Albert M. Craig 1960. A history of East Asian civilization, Volume 1. East Asia: the great tradition. London: Allen & Unwin.