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A Scythian with a domesticated horse (reconstruction by Dimitri Pozdniakov)
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Eastern Europe
Central Asia
West Asia
Southern Asia
Scythian languages (Northeastern Iranic subfamily[1])
Scythian religion[2][3]
Related ethnic groups

The Scythians or Scyths[4] were Iranic nomadic Eurasian peoples.[5][6][7]

They were nomadic, famous for their skills at horse riding,[8][9] who dominated the Pontic steppe (modern Ukraine and Southern Russia) throughout the ancient world. By the 2nd century AD the closely-related Sarmatians came to dominate the Scyths in this area. Much of our information about the Scyths comes from the famous Greek historian Herodotus (c. 440 BC) in his Histories, and from archaeologically from the beautiful goldwork found in Scythian Kurgan burial mounds in Ukraine, Kazakhstan and southern Russia.

Related peoples[change | change source]

Further reading[change | change source]

  • "How Did the Scythians Influence the Achaemenid Empire?".

References[change | change source]

  1. Beckwith, Christopher I., and Gisaburo N. Kiyose. "Apocope Of Late Old Chinese Short* ă: Early Central Asian Loanword And Old Japanese Evidence For Old Chinese Disyllabic Morphemes." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 71.2 (2018): 145-160.
  2. Foltz, Richard. "Scythian Neo-Paganism in the Caucasus: The Ossetian Uatsdin as a'Nature Religion'." Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature & Culture 13.3 (2019).
  3. STEPANOV, TSVETELIN. "‘SCYTHIAN’ROOTS OF THE BULGAR RELIGION." С 42 Скифия: Образ и историко-культурное наследие. Матери-алы конференции 26–28 октября 2015 года/Под ред. ТН Джаксон, ИГ Коноваловой, АВ Подосинова.—М.: Ин-ститут всеобщей истории РАН, 2015.—132 с.. Vol. 26. 2015
  4. Scythians are pronounced /'sɪθɪən/ or /'sɪðɪən/
  5. Neumann, Iver B., and Einar Wigen. "The importance of the Eurasian steppe to the study of international relations." Journal of International Relations and Development 16.3 (2013): 311-330.
  6. Crowe, David M. "The Kazaks and Kazakstan: The struggle for ethnic identity and nationhood." Nationalities Papers 26.3 (1998): 395-419.
  7. KIYOSE, CHRISTOPHER I. BECKWITH–GISABURO N. "Apocope of Late Old Chinese short* ă: Early Central Asian loanword and Old Japanese evidence for Old Chinese disyllabic morphemes."
  8. Scythian, member of a nomadic people originally of Iranian people who migrated from Central Asia to southern Russia in the 8th and 7th centuries BC - The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition - Micropaedia on "Scythian", 10:576
  9. Scythian mummy shown in Germany, BBC News