Kievan Rus'

Coordinates: 50°27′N 30°31′E / 50.450°N 30.517°E / 50.450; 30.517
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Kievan Rus'
882–13th century
Coat of arms of Rus'
Coat of arms
Kievan Rus, 11th century
Kievan Rus, 11th century
Common languagesOld East Slavic
Slavic Paganism
Orthodox Christianity
Grand Prince of Kyiv 
• 882–912
LegislatureVeche, Prince Council
• Established
• Disestablished
13th century
ISO 3166 codeRU

Kievan Rus' (also known as Kyivan Rus) was a medieval state in Europe. It was from the late 9th to the mid 13th century. It broke apart under the Mongol invasion of 1237–1240.

At its peak, it stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, and from the upper Vistula in the west to the middle Volga in the east.

The state was called "land of the Rus' " .[1][2] The name "Kievan Rus' " was used in the 19th century to mean the time when the center was in Kyiv.[3]

The early part of the state is sometimes known as the "Rus Khaganate". The history of Rus' proper begins in 882. This is when the capital was moved from Novgorod to Kyiv. This was after Varangians (Vikings), who were called Rus, freed this slavic city from the Khazars' tribute.[4] The state reached its most powerful in the mid 11th century. Its lands went south to the Black Sea, east to the Volga, and west to the Kingdom of Poland and to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[5] Vladimir the Great (980–1015) and his son Yaroslav I the Wise (1019–1054) ruled in the "Golden Age" of Kyiv. With the end of the Viking age, the state lost power in the late 11th and during the 12th century. The broke apart into various rival regional powers.[6]

The various East Slavic principalities were brought together in the Russian Empire in the 18th century. The modern East Slavic states of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia all get their identity from the early medieval state.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. (in Russian) Назаренко А. В. Глава I Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine // Древняя Русь на международных путях: Междисциплинарные очерки культурных, торговых, политических связей IX—XII вв. Archived 2012-01-31 at the Wayback Machine — М.: Языки русской культуры, 2001. — c. 42—45, 49—50. — ISBN 5-7859-0085-8.
  2. "Российский и русский". Грамота.ру (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  3. Tolochko, A. P. (1999). "Khimera "Kievskoy Rusi"". Rodina (in Russian) (8): 29–33.
  4. "Oleg - ruler of Novgorod". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  5. "The Russian Primary Chronicle".; see also [1] and [2] Archived 2009-05-27 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Kievan Rus' and Mongol Periods". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  7. Plokhy, Serhii (2006). The Origins of the Slavic Nations: Premodern Identities in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus (PDF). New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–15. ISBN 978-0-521-86403-9. Retrieved 2010-04-27.

50°27′N 30°31′E / 50.450°N 30.517°E / 50.450; 30.517