Cyrus Vance

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Cyrus R. Vance
57th United States Secretary of State
In office
January 20, 1977 – April 28, 1980
President Jimmy Carter
Deputy Warren Christopher
Preceded by Henry A. Kissinger
Succeeded by Edmund S. Muskie
7th United States Secretary of the Army
In office
July 5, 1962 – January 21, 1964
President John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.
Succeeded by Stephen Ailes
11th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
January 28, 1964 – June 30, 1967
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by Roswell Gilpatric
Succeeded by Paul H. Nitze
Personal details
Born March 27, 1917(1917-03-27)
Clarksburg, West Virginia, U.S.
Died January 12, 2002(2002-01-12) (aged 84)
Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Grace Elsie "Gay" Sloane
Children Elsie Nicoll Vance
Amy Sloane Vance
Camilla Roberts Vance
Grace Vance Holmes
Cyrus Roberts Vance, Jr.
Alma mater Yale University
Yale Law School
Profession Lawyer
Signature
Military service
Service/branch US-DeptOfNavy-Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1942–1946
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Lieutenant
Unit USS Hale (DD-642)
Battles/wars World War II

Cyrus Roberts Vance (March 27, 1917 – January 12, 2002) was an American lawyer and diplomat.

Early life[change | change source]

Vance was born on March 27, 1917 in Clarksburg, West Virginia. He was raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Vance studied at Yale University and at Yale Law School.

Career[change | change source]

Vance served as United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980.[1] Prior to that position he was the Secretary of the Army[2] and the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

As Secretary of State, Vance approached foreign policy with an emphasis on negotiation over conflict and a special interest in arms reduction. In April 1980, Vance resigned in protest of Operation Eagle Claw, the secret mission to rescue American hostages in Iran. He was succeeded in the position by Edmund Muskie.

Personal life[change | change source]

Vance married Grace Elsie Sloane in 1947. They had four daughters and a son. Vance lived in New York City during his final years. He was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 1995.

Death[change | change source]

Vance died at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City on January 12, 2002 after a long battle with pneumonia. His death was a complication from Alzheimer's disease.[1] He was buried at the Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cyrus R. Vance, a Confidant Of Presidents, Is Dead at 84". New York Times. 13 January 2002. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/13/world/cyrus-r-vance-a-confidant-of-presidents-is-dead-at-84.html. Retrieved 13 October 2012. "Cyrus R. Vance, who after two decades in public service was appointed secretary of state, and who then took the rare step of resigning from the nation's highest cabinet post on a matter of principle, died yesterday afternoon at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. He was 84. The cause was pneumonia and other complications, said Elva Murphy, his longtime secretary."
  2. Bell, William Gardner (1992). ""Cyrus Roberts Vance"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/sw-sa/Vance.htm. Retrieved September 22, 2007.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Cyrus Vance at Wikimedia Commons