Colin Luther Powell, KCB (Honorary), MSC, (born April 5, 1937) is a retired General in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State (2001-2005), serving under President George W. Bush. He was the first African American appointed to that position. As a General in the United States Army, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Gulf War. He was the first and, so far, the only African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- ↑ The first African American secretary of state, Colin Powell, The AfroAmerican Registry
- ↑ Biographies - Colin Powell: United States Secretary of State, African American History Month, US Department of Defense
- ↑ Colin Powell, Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- ↑ Profile: Colin Powell, BBC News