Luanda

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Luanda
São Paulo da Assunção de Luanda
City
View of Luanda bay from Ilha de Luanda, June 2008
Luanda is located in Angola
Luanda
Location of Luanda in Angola
Coordinates: 8°50′18″S 13°14′4″E / 8.83833°S 13.23444°E / -8.83833; 13.23444Coordinates: 8°50′18″S 13°14′4″E / 8.83833°S 13.23444°E / -8.83833; 13.23444
Country  Angola
Founded 1575
Area
 • City 113 km2 (44 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,257 km2 (871 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metro 5,172,900
Time zone +1

Luanda is the capital and the largest city of Angola. Its former name was Loanda. It is a main seaport of the country on the Atlantic Ocean. In 1995, about 3 million people lived there.

It is a center of manufacturing, but very destroyed because of a long civil war.

It was founded by Portuguese in 1575 as São Paulo de Luanda and has been the administrative center of Angola since 1627 (except for 16401648). When Angola got independence in 1975, it became the capital of Angola.