Swaziland

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Kingdom of Swaziland
Umbuso weSwatini
Motto: "Siyinqaba"  (Swati)
"We are a fortress"

"We are a mystery/riddle" "We hide ourselves away"
Anthem: Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati
Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the Swazi
Location of  Swaziland  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Swaziland  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative; coordinates below)
26°19′S 31°8′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E / -26.317; 31.133
Largest city Mbabane
Official languages English
Swati
Demonym Swazi
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional and absolute monarchy
 -  Monarch King Mswati III
 -  Ndlovukati Queen Ntombi
 -  Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Themba N. Masuku
Legislature Parliament of Swaziland
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Assembly
Independence
 -  from British protection 6 September 1968 
Area
 -  Total 17,364 km2 (157th)
6,704 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.9
Population
 -  2009 estimate 1,185,000[1] (154th)
 -  2007 census 1,018,449
 -  Density 68.2/km2 (135th)
176.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $6.233 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $5,302[2]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $3.947 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $3,358[2]
Gini 60.9
very high
HDI (2011) Decrease 0.522[3]
low · 140th
Currency Lilangeni (SZL)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +268
Internet TLD .sz
Estimates for the country take into account the effects of mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Swaziland is a country in Africa. It is officially the Kingdom of Swaziland (Umbuso weSwatini), and sometimes called Ngwane or Swatini. Its capital is Mbabane. The country is named after the 19th century king Mswati II.

Swaziland is a small country. It is no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. It is completely surrounded by land. Swaziland does not touch the sea. The two countries that touch it are Mozambique and South Africa.

Health[change | change source]

Swaziland is strongly affected by HIV and AIDS. The 2012 CIA World Factbook showed Swaziland with the highest HIV infection rate in the world. It also showed the lowest life expectancy at 31 years.

Education[change | change source]

Education in Swaziland is free at primary level, mainly 1st and 2nd grades. It is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children. Children are not required to attend.[4] In 1996, the primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%. Girls and boys both attended at the primary level.[4] In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five.[4]

The University of Swaziland provides higher education.

Demographics[change | change source]

Swazi people dancing
Swazi people dancing in a cultural village show.

Most of Swaziland's people are ethnically Swazi. There is also a small number of Zulu and White Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent. Swaziland also had Portuguese settlers and African refugees from Mozambique.

82.70% of the people are Christian, Christianity in Swaziland is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Some people think of the king as having a spiritual role.

Swazi have been subsistence farmers and herders. They now mix such activities with work in the growing urban economy and in government. Some Swazi work in the mines in South Africa.

SiSwati[5] and English are the official languages. SiSwati has 2.5 million speakers and is taught in schools. It is also one of the official languages of South Africa.

About 76,000 people in the country speak Zulu.[6] Tsonga is spoken by about 19,000 people in Swaziland. Afrikaans is also spoken by some residents of Afrikaner descent.

Districts[change | change source]

Swaziland is divided into four districts:

Cities[change | change source]

The cities in Swaziland are:

Rank City Census 1986 Census 1997 Calc. 2005 District
1. Manzini 46,058 78,734 110,537 Manzini
2. Mbabane 38,290 57,992 76,218 Hhohho
3. Big Bend 9,676 9,374 10,342 Lubombo
4. Malkerns 4,830 7,400 9,724 Manzini
5. Nhlangano 4,107 6,540 9,016 Shiselweni
6. Mhlume 6,509 7,661 8,652 Lubombo
7. Hluti n.a. 5,806 6,763 Shiselweni
8. Simunye 8,762 5,633 6,512 Lubombo
9. Siteki 2,271 4,157 6,152 Lubombo
10. Piggs Peak 3,223 4,581 5,750 Hhohho
11. Lobamba n.a. 3,625 4,557 Manzini
12. Ngomane n.a. 3,902 4,511 Lubombo
13. Vuvulane n.a. 3,594 4,155 Lubombo
14. Mpaka 1,007 2,144 3,586 Lubombo
15. Kwaluseni n.a. 2,701 3,395 Manzini
16. Bhunya 3,361 2,650 3,046 Manzini
17. Mhlambanyatsi 2,075 2,553 2,886 Manzini
18. Mondi 2,886 2,703 2,872 Hhohho
19. Tabankulu 4,651 2,551 2,815 Lubombo
20. Hlatikulu 1,276 2,076 2,748 Shiselweni
21. Bulembu 4,850 2,443 2,260 Hhohho
22. Kubuta n.a. 1,750 2,038 Shiselweni
23. Tjaneni 3,682 2,250 1,899 Lubombo
24. Sidvokodvo 1,339 1,528 1,746 Manzini
25. Lavumisa 850 1,117 1,300 Shiselweni
26. Ngwenya 445 842 1,281 Hhohho
27. Nsoko 2,868 963 1,175 Lubombo
28. Mankayane 913 1,040 1,144 Manzini


References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]