Afghan Civil War (1989–1992)

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There was a civil war in Afghanistan from from 1989 until 27 April 1992, the day after the proclamation (or announcement of the Peshawar Accords; those accords (or agreement) wrote about a plan, for an Afghan government to start on 28 April 1992.

History[change | change source]

The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan ended on 15 February 1989.

In March 1989, the mujahideen groups Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin and Ittehad-e Islami attacked Jalalabad. By June, the two groups had lost the battle; the two groups had cooperation from the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).

President President Najibullah lost power on 16 April 1992.

24–27 April, Militias were fighting each other, to take Kabul.

By 27 April 1992, Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin forces had been pushed south outside Kabul, but new mujahideen groups entered Kabul (Ittehad-e Islami, Hezb-i Wahdat, Harakat), rivalling Jamiat and Junbish. They had divided the city, and they each took a part; the city was still largely undamaged.[1]

Aftermath: The interim Mujaddidi government had little power from the beginning which was 28 April 1992, because rivalling groups fought for total power over Kabul and Afghanistan.[2]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Sifton, John (6 July 2005). Blood-Stained Hands: Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity (chapter II, Historical background) (Report). Human Rights Watch.
  2. 'The Peshawar Accord, April 25, 1992'. Website photius.com. Text from 1997, purportedly sourced on The Library of Congress Country Studies (USA) and CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 22 December 2017.


Other websites[change | change source]