Afghan Civil War (1989–1992)
There was a civil war in Afghanistan from from 1989 until 27 April 1992, the day after the proclamation (or announcement of the Peshawar Accords; those accords (or agreement) wrote about a plan, for an Afghan government to start on 28 April 1992.
History[change | change source]
The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan ended on 15 February 1989.
In March 1989, the mujahideen groups Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin and Ittehad-e Islami attacked Jalalabad. By June, the two groups had lost the battle; the two groups had cooperation from the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).
President President Najibullah lost power on 16 April 1992.
24–27 April, Militias were fighting each other, to take Kabul.
By 27 April 1992, Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin forces had been pushed south outside Kabul, but new mujahideen groups entered Kabul (Ittehad-e Islami, Hezb-i Wahdat, Harakat), rivalling Jamiat and Junbish. They had divided the city, and they each took a part; the city was still largely undamaged.
Aftermath: The interim Mujaddidi government had little power from the beginning which was 28 April 1992, because rivalling groups fought for total power over Kabul and Afghanistan.
Sources[change | change source]
- Sifton, John (6 July 2005). Blood-Stained Hands: Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity (chapter II, Historical background) (Report). Human Rights Watch.
- 'The Peshawar Accord, April 25, 1992'. Website photius.com. Text from 1997, purportedly sourced on The Library of Congress Country Studies (USA) and CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 22 December 2017.