Khunu Leima

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Khunu Leima
Goddess of pigeons and doves
Member of Lairembis
Goddess Khunu Leima
Other names
  • Khunuleima
  • Khunureima
AffiliationMeitei mythology (Manipuri mythology) and Meitei religion (Sanamahism)
Animalspigeons and doves
Symbolspigeons and doves
RegionManipur, Northeast India
Ethnic groupMeitei ethnicity
FestivalsLai Haraoba
Personal information
ParentsSalailen (Soraren)
SiblingsNganu Leima and Shabi Leima

Khunu Leima (/khoo-noo lei-ma) or Khunureima (/khoo-noo-rei-ma) is the goddess of pigeons and doves in Meitei mythology and religion. She is a sister of goddesses Nganu Leima and Shabi Leima. Legend says that all three sisters married the same mortal man.[1][2][3][4][5]

Etymology[change | change source]

The Meitei female given name "Khunu Leima" (ꯈꯨꯅꯨ ꯂꯩꯃ) is made up of two component words. The two words are "Khunu" (ꯈꯨꯅꯨ) and "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ). In Meitei, "Khunu" (ꯈꯨꯅꯨ) means pigeon.[6] The word "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) is further made up of two component words, "Lei" (ꯂꯩ) and "Ma" (ꯃ). "Lei" (ꯂꯩ) means land or earth. "Ma" (ꯃ) means "mother". Literally, "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) can be translated as "Land Mother" or "Mother Earth". But in general context, "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) means a queen or a mistress or a lady.[7]

Description[change | change source]

Goddess Khunu Leima

Goddess Khunu Leima is described as the ruler of all the pigeons of the world. At any time, she could summon all the pigeons at any place she wishes. She is one of the daughters of God Salailen (alias Soraren).[2][8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Singh, Moirangthem Kirti (1993). Folk Culture of Manipur. Manas Publications. ISBN 978-81-7049-063-0.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Manipuri Phungawari (in Manipuri). 2014. p. 202. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  3. Eben Mayogee Leipareng (in Manipuri). 1995. p. 107. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  4. Tal Taret (in Manipuri). 2006. p. 43. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  5. Regunathan, Sudhamahi (2005). Folk Tales of the North-East. Children's Book Trust. ISBN 978-81-7011-967-8.
  6. "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Khunu". 2006.
  7. "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Leima". 2006.
  8. Tal Taret (in Manipuri). 2006. p. 46. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Glimpses of Manipuri Culture - Dr. Yumlembam Gopi Devi
  • The History of Manipur: An early period - Wahengbam Ibohal Singh · 1986

Other websites[change | change source]