List of counties in Connecticut

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Connecticut counties

This is a list of counties in Connecticut. There are eight counties in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Four of them were formed in 1666, when the colony of Connecticut was made from a number of smaller colonies. Two counties were made during colonial times, and two counties, Middlesex and Tolland, were formed after American independence (both in 1785). Six of the counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers were from.[1] Although Connecticut is comprised of counties, after their abolishment in 1960, the roles of local government have been performed individually by Connecticut's 169 cities and towns.[2][3]

Alphabetical listing[change | change source]

FIPS code[4] County seat(defunct) [5] Established[5] Origin[1] Meaning of name[6] Population (2020)[5][7] Area[5] Map
Fairfield County 001 Fairfield (1666-1853)
Bridgeport (1853-1960)
1666 One of four original counties formed in Connecticut From the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast. 957,419 626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfield County
Hartford County 003 Hartford (1666-1960) 1666 One of four original counties formed in Connecticut After the county of Hertfordshire in the UK 899,498 736 sq mi
(1,906 km2)
State map highlighting Hartford County
Litchfield County 005 Litchfield (1751-1960) 1751 From parts of Fairfield County, Hartford County, and New Haven County City of Lichfield in the UK 185,186 920 sq mi
(2,383 km2)
State map highlighting Litchfield County
Middlesex County 007 Middletown (1785-1960) 1785 From parts of Hartford County and New London County Former county of Middlesex in the UK 164,245 369 sq mi
(956 km2)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
New Haven County 009 New Haven (1666-1960) 1666 One of four original counties formed in Connecticut After New Haven Colony, founded as a haven in which Puritans could be free from persecution 864,835 606 sq mi
(1,570 km2)
State map highlighting New Haven County
New London County 011 New London (1666-1960) 1666 One of four original counties formed in Connecticut After London, UK 268,555 666 sq mi
(1,725 km2)
State map highlighting New London County
Tolland County 013 Tolland (1785-1889)
Rockville (1889-1960)
1785 From parts of Hartford County, and Windham County Hamlet of Tolland, Somerset, UK 149,788 410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
State map highlighting Tolland County
Windham County 015 Windham (1726-1819)
Brooklyn (1819-1895)
Willimantic and Putnam (1895-1960)
1726 From parts of Hartford County, and New London County After Windham (now Wineham) in Sussex, England 116,418 513 sq mi
(1,329 km2)
State map highlighting Windham County

Former counties[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Clark, George Larkin (1914). A History of Connecticut, Its People and Institutions. G.P. Putnam & Sons.
  2. "About Connecticut". Retrieved 2007-07-17.
  3. An Overview of County Government Archived 2008-07-08 at the Wayback Machine, National Association of Counties website, accessed 5 January 2008
  4. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  6. Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0786410256.
  7. "Connecticut QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2022.