List of national parks of the United States

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

There are 63 national parks in the United States. The National Park Service controls the parks, and also controls other protected areas.[1]

National parks[change | change source]

* Green shading – UNESCO designated World Heritage Sites (WHS)
dagger Blue shading – UNESCO designated Biosphere Reserves (BR)
double-dagger Purple shading – parks designated in both UNESCO programs
Name Image Location Date established as park[2][3] Area (2019)[4] Recreation visitors (2019)[5] Description
Acadia Bass Harbor Head Light Station 2016.jpg Maine
44°21′N 68°13′W / 44.35°N 68.21°W / 44.35; -68.21 (Acadia)
February 26, 1919 49,076.63 acres (198.6 km2) 3,437,286
American Samoa Ofu Beach NPS.jpg American Samoa
14°15′S 170°41′W / 14.25°S 170.68°W / -14.25; -170.68 (National Park of American Samoa)
October 31, 1988 8,256.67 acres (33.4 km2) 60,006
Arches Delicatearch1.jpg Utah
38°41′N 109°34′W / 38.68°N 109.57°W / 38.68; -109.57 (Arches)
November 12, 1971 76,678.98 acres (310.3 km2) 1,659,702
Badlands BadlandsView3.jpg South Dakota
43°45′N 102°30′W / 43.75°N 102.50°W / 43.75; -102.50 (Badlands)
November 10, 1978 242,755.94 acres (982.4 km2) 970,998
Big Bend dagger Big Bend National Park PB112573.jpg Texas
29°15′N 103°15′W / 29.25°N 103.25°W / 29.25; -103.25 (Big Bend)
June 12, 1944 801,163.21 acres (3,242.2 km2) 463,832
Biscayne Biscayne NP snorkeling.jpg Florida
25°39′N 80°05′W / 25.65°N 80.08°W / 25.65; -80.08 (Biscayne)
June 28, 1980 172,971.11 acres (700.0 km2) 708,522
Black Canyon of the Gunnison Black canyon gunnison Colorado.jpg Colorado
38°34′N 107°43′W / 38.57°N 107.72°W / 38.57; -107.72 (Black Canyon of the Gunnison)
October 21, 1999 30,779.83 acres (124.6 km2) 432,818
Bryce Canyon Bryce Canyon Hoodoos Amphitheater.jpg Utah
37°34′N 112°11′W / 37.57°N 112.18°W / 37.57; -112.18 (Bryce Canyon)
February 25, 1928 35,835.08 acres (145.0 km2) 2,594,904
Canyonlands Canyonlands National Park…Needles area (6294480744).jpg Utah
38°12′N 109°56′W / 38.2°N 109.93°W / 38.2; -109.93 (Canyonlands)
September 12, 1964 337,597.83 acres (1,366.2 km2) 733,996
Capitol Reef Cassidy Arch, Capitol Reef National Park.JPG Utah
38°12′N 111°10′W / 38.20°N 111.17°W / 38.20; -111.17 (Capitol Reef)
December 18, 1971 241,904.50 acres (979.0 km2) 1,226,519
Carlsbad Caverns * Carlsbad Interior Formations.jpg New Mexico
32°10′N 104°26′W / 32.17°N 104.44°W / 32.17; -104.44 (Carlsbad Caverns)
May 14, 1930 46,766.45 acres (189.3 km2) 440,691
Channel Islands dagger Santa Cruz Island CA DSC 4323 ad.JPG California
34°01′N 119°25′W / 34.01°N 119.42°W / 34.01; -119.42 (Channel Islands)
March 5, 1980 249,561.00 acres (1,009.9 km2) 409,630
Congaree dagger Bald cypress and creek (7166139814).jpg South Carolina
33°47′N 80°47′W / 33.78°N 80.78°W / 33.78; -80.78 (Congaree)
November 10, 2003 26,476.47 acres (107.1 km2) 159,445
Crater Lake Crater lake oregon.jpg Oregon
42°56′N 122°06′W / 42.94°N 122.1°W / 42.94; -122.1 (Crater Lake)
May 22, 1902 183,224.05 acres (741.5 km2) 704,512
Cuyahoga Valley Cuyahoga Valley National Park 03.jpg Ohio
41°14′N 81°33′W / 41.24°N 81.55°W / 41.24; -81.55 (Cuyahoga Valley)
October 11, 2000 32,571.88 acres (131.8 km2) 2,237,997
Death Valley dagger Mesquite Sand Dunes in Death Valley.jpg California, Nevada
36°14′N 116°49′W / 36.24°N 116.82°W / 36.24; -116.82 (Death Valley)
October 31, 1994 3,408,406.73 acres (13,793.3 km2) 1,740,945
Denali dagger Mount McKinley and Denali National Park Road 2048px.jpg Alaska
63°20′N 150°30′W / 63.33°N 150.50°W / 63.33; -150.50 (Denali)
February 26, 1917 4,740,911.16 acres (19,185.8 km2) 601,152
Dry Tortugas dagger Fort-Jefferson Dry-Tortugas.jpg Florida
24°38′N 82°52′W / 24.63°N 82.87°W / 24.63; -82.87 (Dry Tortugas)
October 26, 1992 64,701.22 acres (261.8 km2) 79,200
Everglades double-dagger Everglades National Park cypress.jpg Florida
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.32°N 80.93°W / 25.32; -80.93 (Everglades)
May 30, 1934 1,508,938.57 acres (6,106.5 km2) 1,118,300
Gates of the Arctic Remote river in Gates of the Arctic (16524035298).jpg Alaska
67°47′N 153°18′W / 67.78°N 153.30°W / 67.78; -153.30 (Gates of the Arctic)
December 2, 1980 7,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1 km2) 10,518
Gateway Arch St Louis night expblend.jpg Missouri
38°38′N 90°11′W / 38.63°N 90.19°W / 38.63; -90.19 (Gateway Arch)
February 22, 2018[6] 192.83 acres (0.8 km2) 2,055,309
Glacier double-dagger St Mary Lake - Wild goose Island.jpg Montana
48°48′N 114°00′W / 48.80°N 114.00°W / 48.80; -114.00 (Glacier)
May 11, 1910 1,013,125.99 acres (4,100.0 km2) 3,049,839
Glacier Bay double-dagger GlacierBay3.jpg Alaska
58°30′N 137°00′W / 58.50°N 137.00°W / 58.50; -137.00 (Glacier Bay)
December 2, 1980 3,223,383.43 acres (13,044.6 km2) 672,087
Grand Canyon * USA 09847 Grand Canyon Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg Arizona
36°04′N 112°08′W / 36.06°N 112.14°W / 36.06; -112.14 (Grand Canyon)
February 26, 1919 1,201,647.03 acres (4,862.9 km2) 5,974,411
Grand Teton dagger Teton Range from Glacier View Turnout-closeup.JPG Wyoming
43°44′N 110°48′W / 43.73°N 110.80°W / 43.73; -110.80 (Grand Teton)
February 26, 1929 310,044.36 acres (1,254.7 km2) 3,405,614
Great Basin Prometheus Wheeler.jpg Nevada
38°59′N 114°18′W / 38.98°N 114.30°W / 38.98; -114.30 (Great Basin)
October 27, 1986 77,180.00 acres (312.3 km2) 131,802
Great Sand Dunes Coloradodunes.jpg Colorado
37°44′N 105°31′W / 37.73°N 105.51°W / 37.73; -105.51 (Great Sand Dunes)
September 24, 2004 107,341.87 acres (434.4 km2) 527,546
Great Smoky Mountains double-dagger Fall at Oconaluftee Overlook.JPG North Carolina, Tennessee
35°41′N 83°32′W / 35.68°N 83.53°W / 35.68; -83.53 (Great Smoky Mountains)
June 15, 1934 522,426.88 acres (2,114.2 km2) 12,547,743
Guadalupe Mountains West face of Guadalupe Mountains at sunset 2006.jpg Texas
31°55′N 104°52′W / 31.92°N 104.87°W / 31.92; -104.87 (Guadalupe Mountains)
October 15, 1966 86,367.10 acres (349.5 km2) 188,833
Haleakalā dagger Haleakala Crater.jpg Hawaii
20°43′N 156°10′W / 20.72°N 156.17°W / 20.72; -156.17 (Haleakalā)
July 1, 1961 33,264.62 acres (134.6 km2) 994,394
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes double-dagger Puu Oo looking up Kilauea - edit.jpg Hawaii
19°23′N 155°12′W / 19.38°N 155.20°W / 19.38; -155.20 (Hawaiʻi Volcanoes)
August 1, 1916 325,605.28 acres (1,317.7 km2) 1,368,376
Hot Springs Hots Springs National Park aerial.jpg Arkansas
34°31′N 93°03′W / 34.51°N 93.05°W / 34.51; -93.05 (Hot Springs)
March 4, 1921 5,554.15 acres (22.5 km2) 1,467,153
Indiana Dunes 2010-11-26 3060x2040 portage indiana dunes.jpg Indiana
41°39′12″N 87°03′09″W / 41.6533°N 87.0524°W / 41.6533; -87.0524 (Indiana Dunes)
February 15, 2019 15,349.08 acres (62.1 km2) 2,134,285
Isle Royale dagger IsleRoyalePlane.jpg Michigan
48°06′N 88°33′W / 48.10°N 88.55°W / 48.10; -88.55 (Isle Royale)
April 3, 1940 571,790.30 acres (2,314.0 km2) 26,410
Joshua Tree dagger Joshua Tree - Rock formation in Real Hidden Valley 1.jpg California
33°47′N 115°54′W / 33.79°N 115.90°W / 33.79; -115.90 (Joshua Tree)
October 31, 1994 795,155.85 acres (3,217.9 km2) 2,988,547
Katmai Brown bears brooks falls.jpg Alaska
58°30′N 155°00′W / 58.50°N 155.00°W / 58.50; -155.00 (Katmai)
December 2, 1980 3,674,529.33 acres (14,870.3 km2) 84,167
Kenai Fjords Exit Glacier Jul09.JPG Alaska
59°55′N 149°39′W / 59.92°N 149.65°W / 59.92; -149.65 (Kenai Fjords)
December 2, 1980 669,650.05 acres (2,710.0 km2) 356,601
Kings Canyon dagger KingsCanyonNP.JPG California
36°48′N 118°33′W / 36.80°N 118.55°W / 36.80; -118.55 (Kings Canyon)
March 4, 1940 461,901.20 acres (1,869.2 km2) 632,110
Kobuk Valley Agie River.jpg Alaska
67°33′N 159°17′W / 67.55°N 159.28°W / 67.55; -159.28 (Kobuk Valley)
December 2, 1980 1,750,716.16 acres (7,084.9 km2) 15,766
Lake Clark Lake Clark National Park.jpg Alaska
60°58′N 153°25′W / 60.97°N 153.42°W / 60.97; -153.42 (Lake Clark)
December 2, 1980 2,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0 km2) 17,157
Lassen Volcanic Lassen Peak from the summit of Brokeoff Mountain-1200px.jpg California
40°29′N 121°31′W / 40.49°N 121.51°W / 40.49; -121.51 (Lassen Volcanic)
August 9, 1916 106,589.02 acres (431.4 km2) 517,039
Mammoth Cave double-dagger Mammoth Cave National Park 007.jpg Kentucky
37°11′N 86°06′W / 37.18°N 86.10°W / 37.18; -86.10 (Mammoth Cave)
July 1, 1941 54,011.91 acres (218.6 km2) 551,590
Mesa Verde * Mesa Verde National Park Cliff Palace Right Part 2006 09 12.jpg Colorado
37°11′N 108°29′W / 37.18°N 108.49°W / 37.18; -108.49 (Mesa Verde)
June 29, 1906 52,485.17 acres (212.4 km2) 556,203
Mount Rainier Mount Rainier from west.jpg Washington
46°51′N 121°45′W / 46.85°N 121.75°W / 46.85; -121.75 (Mount Rainier)
March 2, 1899 236,381.64 acres (956.6 km2) 1,501,621
New River Gorge New River Gorge Bridge.jpg West Virginia
38°04′N 81°05′W / 38.07°N 81.08°W / 38.07; -81.08 (New River Gorge)
December 27, 2020 7,021 acres (28.4 km2)
North Cascades Cascade pass.jpg Washington
48°42′N 121°12′W / 48.70°N 121.20°W / 48.70; -121.20 (North Cascades)
October 2, 1968 504,780.94 acres (2,042.8 km2) 38,208
Olympic double-dagger Acer macrophyllum in Hoh Rain Forest.jpg Washington
47°58′N 123°30′W / 47.97°N 123.50°W / 47.97; -123.50 (Olympic)
June 29, 1938 922,649.41 acres (3,733.8 km2) 3,245,806
Petrified Forest PAINTED DESERT BADLANDS.jpg Arizona
35°04′N 109°47′W / 35.07°N 109.78°W / 35.07; -109.78 (Petrified Forest)
December 9, 1962 221,390.21 acres (895.9 km2) 643,588
Pinnacles Pinnacles National Park.jpg California
36°29′N 121°10′W / 36.48°N 121.16°W / 36.48; -121.16 (Pinnacles)
January 10, 2013 26,685.73 acres (108.0 km2) 177,224
Redwood * Redwood National Park, fog in the forest.jpg California
41°18′N 124°00′W / 41.30°N 124.00°W / 41.30; -124.00 (Redwood)
October 2, 1968 138,999.37 acres (562.5 km2) 504,722
Rocky Mountain dagger Bierstadt Lake, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA.jpg Colorado
40°24′N 105°35′W / 40.40°N 105.58°W / 40.40; -105.58 (Rocky Mountain)
January 26, 1915 265,807.25 acres (1,075.7 km2) 4,670,053
Saguaro Saguaronationalparl17102008.jpg Arizona
32°15′N 110°30′W / 32.25°N 110.50°W / 32.25; -110.50 (Saguaro)
October 14, 1994 92,867.42 acres (375.8 km2) 1,020,226
Sequoia dagger Giant Forest.jpg California
36°26′N 118°41′W / 36.43°N 118.68°W / 36.43; -118.68 (Sequoia)
September 25, 1890 404,062.63 acres (1,635.2 km2) 1,246,053
Shenandoah Early Fall at Dark Hollow Falls (22028259442).jpg Virginia
38°32′N 78°21′W / 38.53°N 78.35°W / 38.53; -78.35 (Shenandoah)
December 26, 1935 199,223.77 acres (806.2 km2) 1,425,507
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt National Park.jpg North Dakota
46°58′N 103°27′W / 46.97°N 103.45°W / 46.97; -103.45 (Theodore Roosevelt)
November 10, 1978 70,446.89 acres (285.1 km2) 691,658
Virgin Islands St John Trunk Bay 1.jpg U.S. Virgin Islands
18°20′N 64°44′W / 18.33°N 64.73°W / 18.33; -64.73 (Virgin Islands)
August 2, 1956 15,052.53 acres (60.9 km2) 133,398
Voyageurs Voyageurs National Park.jpg Minnesota
48°30′N 92°53′W / 48.50°N 92.88°W / 48.50; -92.88 (Voyageurs)
April 8, 1975 218,222.35 acres (883.1 km2) 232,974
White Sands White Sands New Mexico USA.jpg New Mexico
32°47′N 106°10′W / 32.78°N 106.17°W / 32.78; -106.17 (White Sands)
December 20, 2019[7] 146,344.31 acres (592.2 km2) 608,785
Wind Cave Wind Cave lower.jpg South Dakota
43°34′N 103°29′W / 43.57°N 103.48°W / 43.57; -103.48 (Wind Cave)
January 9, 1903 33,970.84 acres (137.5 km2) 615,350
Wrangell–St. Elias * MountJarvis.jpg Alaska
61°00′N 142°00′W / 61.00°N 142.00°W / 61.00; -142.00 (Wrangell – St. Elias)
December 2, 1980 8,323,146.48 acres (33,682.6 km2) 74,518
Yellowstone double-dagger Grand Prismatic Spring and Midway Geyser Basin from above.jpg Wyoming, Montana, Idaho
44°36′N 110°30′W / 44.60°N 110.50°W / 44.60; -110.50 (Yellowstone)
March 1, 1872 2,219,790.71 acres (8,983.2 km2) 4,020,288
Yosemite * YosemitePark2 amk.jpg California
37°50′N 119°30′W / 37.83°N 119.50°W / 37.83; -119.50 (Yosemite)
October 1, 1890 761,747.50 acres (3,082.7 km2) 4,422,861
Zion Angels Landing.jpg Utah
37°18′N 113°03′W / 37.30°N 113.05°W / 37.30; -113.05 (Zion)
November 19, 1919 147,242.66 acres (595.9 km2) 4,488,268

Sources[change | change source]

  1. https://www.nps.gov/aboutus/national-park-system.htm
  2. The National Parks: Index 2012–2016 (PDF). Washington, D.C.: National Park Service. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  3. "National Park System Areas Listed in Chronological Order of Date Authorized under DOI" (PDF). National Park Service. June 27, 2005. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. "National Park Service, Land Resources Division, Summary of Acreage" (PDF). nps.gov. National Park Service. December 31, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2021. The areas used here are the Gross Area Acres which are in the final column of the report. The figure for Everglades National Park includes the figure for "Everglades Expansion". National preserves of associated national parks are not included in the acreage figures shown here.
  5. "Annual Park Ranking Report for Recreation Visitors in: 2017". irma.nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  6. "President Donald J. Trump Signs S. 1438 into Law". whitehouse.gov. February 22, 2018. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved November 19, 2018 – via National Archives.
  7. "H.R.2500 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2019. Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range, SEC. 2851...approximately 2,826 acres of land identified as "To NPS, lands inside current boundary" [plus] approximately 5,766 acres of land identified as "To NPS, new additions" [minus] approximately 3,737 acres of land identified as "To DOA".