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Minecraft in school.jpg
Developer(s) Mojang
Publisher(s) Mojang
Producer(s) Markus "Notch" Persson
Designer(s) Jens "Jeb" Bergensten
Programmer(s) Jens Bergensten[*]
Artist(s) Kristoffer Zetterstrand
(In-game artwork)
Markus "Junkboy" Toivonen
Composer(s) Daniel "C418" Rosenfeld
Series Minecraft[*]
Platform(s) Computer (Java), as Browser Applet, iOS, Android, Xbox 360, Raspberry Pi.
Release Classic: May 17, 2009
Indev: December 23, 2009
Infdev: February 27, 2010
Alpha: May 17, 2009
Beta: December 20, 2010
Official Release November 18, 2011
Genre(s) open world, survival mode
Mode(s) Single-player, Multiplayer

Minecraft is a video game made by Markus "Notch" Persson of Sweden. In 2015 Notch retired and sold his company, Mojang, to Microsoft for $2.5 billion. Minecraft is an open world survival game where the player can play in a world made of cubes. The player can walk around and break the blocks which make up the interactive landscape. The player can then put the blocks back together to make new constructions.[1]You have to use special equipment to break some blocks, such as a pickaxe.

The first version was released for PC players on May 17, 2009. After going through the Alpha and Beta versions, the full version was released on November 18, 2011. A version for Android was released on October 7, 2011, and an iOS version was released on November 17, 2011.

The game was released on the Xbox 360 as an Xbox Live Arcade game on May 9, 2012. It was released for the PlayStation 3 on December 17, 2013, and for the PlayStation 4 on September 4, 2013. It was available for Xbox One the next day; and for the PlayStation Vita on October 14, 2014. On December 10, 2013, a Windows Phone version was released.[2] Today, there are versions for the game on many platforms, including Windows 10.

History[change | change source]

Minecraft was created as an experiment to test random creation for caves. Minecraft was inspired by Infiniminer, another game created by Zachary Barth. The first version of Minecraft was released on May 17, 2009. The beta was released on December 20, 2010. The full game was released on November 18, 2011. At first, Minecraft was created only by Notch. Other people started to work on it when Persson started an independent video game company called Mojang. Later in 2011, a version of Minecraft named "Pocket Edition" was released for iOS and Android. In 2012, Persson gave Jens Bergensten the job of being the main developer of Minecraft. In 2012, Minecraft came out on the Xbox 360 as a download and was available for 1600 Microsoft Points ($19.99). In 2013, Minecraft came out as a disc for the Xbox 360 and PS3. Versions for the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were released in September 2014. And a version for the PlayStation Vita was released in October 2014.

Player[change | change source]

There are two player skins for how one will be seen. They are named Steve [he] and Alex [she].

When a new player signs up, they are given one or the other. They have block shapes, but are designed to look human. Steve has dark brown hair, dark skin, nose and mouth, and blue eyes. He wears a light blue shirt and blue jeans. Alex has long bright orange hair, pale white skin, and dark green eyes. She wears a light-green shirt and brown pants.

A player can change their skin on the Minecraft website. There is a template to create skins, and anyone can use the template and create a completely unique, custom skin.

Gameplay[change | change source]

In the game there are 2 major game modes. In Creative, you can create whatever your heart desires. In Survival, your first goal is to survive the night. During the night, several monsters come out to kill you, but you can build a shelter to protect yourself from these monsters. You need to get some wood by punching out enough wood logs to survive the night and make weapons to fight back. There are other dimensions like the Nether and the End. In the End is the Ender Dragon, the final boss monster. After killing it, there's no more set goal, allowing you to make your own goal. There is an option to kill the Wither, another boss monster you can create as many times as you want. Creepers, a popular symbol in the game, were created when Notch tried to change the pig model and made it taller instead of longer. The game allows creativity: you can build anything. Even players have built functioning computers!

Controls[change | change source]

The player uses the W, A, S and D keyboard keys to move around by default, but the all of controls can be changed in the menu options. The spacebar is used to jump. The Computer mouse is used to look around, the Left mouse button is used to attack or break blocks. The right mouse button will use an item or place blocks. If you have a middle button on your mouse; simply click it when hovering over a block to "pick" it. You can press E to open up your inventory, an area where you can store objects and create (craft) items. Some of the crafting recipes require a crafting table.

Game modes[change | change source]

There are 5 game modes in Minecraft.

  • Survival Mode - The player can gather resources, kill monsters, mine minerals and make items such as tools, armor and weapons, but it is not necessary. The player must gather food in order to survive starvation. If the player dies, they then are given the choice to re-spawn into the game and continue play (usually dropping all the current items held in their inventory unless you have selected to keep inventory[3]) or to return to the main menu of the game.
  • Hardcore Mode - It is the same as "Survival Mode", but with two differences. If the player dies, the world they play in is deleted and they cannot play in that world again. Also, the game is locked on hard difficulty and cannot be changed without any help from a third party program, and if you play in a hardcore server, if you die, you are not allowed to go to the server anymore.
  • Creative Mode - The player gets an unlimited number of blocks, and tools. This mode was created to let the player build whatever constructions they wanted to. They do not need to deal with surviving in this mode.
  • Spectator Mode - Released in version 1.8. This allows players to go into other players viewpoints and "spectate" them. But not just players, players can spectate mobs too. Each mob has its own viewpoint effect. (Ex: Creepers having a green filter, and spiders having a kaleidoscope view, hence their 8 eyes.) Spectating players or mobs is done by right-clicking them. Also, when in this mode, the player has the ability to travel through blocks and can fly. The inventory is invisible, thus making it impossible to place blocks in Spectator mode without modification of Minecraft. You can access Spectator Mode by typing in the chat bar "/gamemode 3".
  • Adventure Mode - This mode is designed for community maps. The only way to access this mode is to enable cheats throughout the more world options, then changing the game mode by typing /gamemode 2 in the chat bar. The player can not place or break blocks, until the release of versions higher than 1.3.2, where they player is able to break blocks when holding the matching tool in their player's hand, this feature is also introduced placing blocks in adventure mode.

In all modes (except Spectator Mode), players can build things such as houses, pixel art and towers. There is also a multiplayer mode, where players can play together through the internet. This requires the player to enter a server address.

Multiplayer[change | change source]

Multiplayer mode, as mentioned above, requires a server address. This is more commonly known as an IP address. Once a player has one of these, they can connect to the server and play with their friends. They can also connect to a server that is very popular and has people the player has never met before. and go on any profile they would like.

The other way is to create a LAN (Local Area Network) world, so people connected to the same internet connection can play with you. These are the two ways you can play with other people on Minecraft.

Minecraft Realms[change | change source]

Minecraft Realms are a special version of the original Multiplayer. When buying a "Realm", you can get your own server, but hosted by Mojang. This makes the process of creating a server easier. In Minecraft Realms, there are several "mini-games", which are maps/games created by popular Minecraft users.

Mobs[change | change source]

The term "Mob" is short for mobile, or any monster, animal, or Non-Player-Characters (NPC). The different types of mobs are:

  • Hostile: These will attack the player on sight. They include Zombies, Skeletons, Wither Skeletons, Slimes, Creepers, Ghasts, the very destructive Enderdragon, and the very powerful Wither, Blazes, witches, zombie pigmen, endermen, magma cubes and more.
  • Passive: These are mostly animals such as Cows, Wolves, Pigs, Chickens, Horses, Rabbits, Sheep, and Mooshrooms (mushroom cows). They will run away when hit. They cannot hurt the player at all.
  • Neutral: These will only attack the player if the player attacks them first. They are Wolves, Spiders (only attack at night unless you hit them during the day), Enderman (attacks if you look at them too), and Iron Golems.
  • NPC (non-player character): This group so far only includes villagers which, like passive mobs, they will run if hit and cannot hurt the player. They are mobs that will not attack you in any way, and they will help you. The Iron Golem is not a NPC.
  • Boss: These mobs have much more health than the normal mob. These are the Enderdragon and the Wither. They have different means of killing you and drop unique and important items on death.

Herobrine is a made up character in Minecraft. He has never been seen. Said to be Notch's brother who was trapped in the game, Herobrine 'haunts' players. Herobrine is a made-up character to scare players but he doesn't exist.

The Nether[change | change source]

The player can build a nether portal out of 10 blocks of obsidian blocks in a 5x4 grid (not including corners or inside) and go into a dimension, the Nether. In it, they can fight fire-ball-shooting Ghasts, avoid the Zombie Pigmen, attack Magma Cubes, duel Wither Skeletons, search for brewing ingredients, dodge the fiery Blaze, and try not to fall into the unforgiving oceans of lava. The players can find a Nether Fortress, where Blazes and Wither Skeletons are common. It is mainly constructed of Nether Brick.

The Nether has, besides the oceans of lava, many other things. The ground is mainly Netherrack, which can be lit forever with a flint and steel. Players can also find Quartz Ore. You can also do it through Creative Mode, but this is where it goes from "sort of" cheating to downright cheating. You can build above this layer of bedrock.

The End[change | change source]

The player can make an End Portal which will teleport them to a deadly realm. The only way to find a portal is by using ender pearls (dropped by ender men) and spamming them at the roof, but this is somewhat "cheating" however most people do it anyway. If they can fend off Endermen and kill the Enderdragon, they will be shown the credits screen, which also shows a backstory. They can still play after defeating the dragon. After you kill the Enderdragon it drops a black egg with purple spots which can't be moved easily, but you can move it with a piston or by placing a torch two blocks underneath the egg and breaking the block between.[4] Unlike the Wither boss, the Enderdragon can only be fought once. In the Console Edition two of the Enderdragon's health regenerators, known as Ender Crystals, are in iron bars. As of 1.9, you will be able to respawn the dragon, and the main end island will have other islands surrounding it, with about a 1000 block wide gap in between, but this can be easily bypassed with a portal, that teleports you to the surrounding islands.

References[change | change source]

  1. Ashdown, Jeremy (11 November 2010). "This is Minecraft". IGN. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  2. "Pocket Edition comes to Windows phones". mojang.com. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  3. "Keep items in inventory on death in Minecraft". stackexchange.com. 
  4. This can be seen in any Minecraft video in which they defeat the Enderdragon.

Other websites[change | change source]