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Grass block stylized.svg
Producer(s)Markus "Notch" Persson
Designer(s)Jens "Jeb" Bergensten (2011-present)
Markus "Notch" Persson (2009-2011)
Programmer(s)Jens Bergensten Edit this on Wikidata
Artist(s)Kristoffer Zetterstrand
(In-game artwork)
Markus "Junkboy" Toivonen
Composer(s)Daniel "C418" Rosenfeld
Platform(s)Computer (Java), as Browser Applet, iOS, Android, Xbox 360, Raspberry Pi.
ReleaseMicrosoft Windows:
Pre-Classic: May 10, 2009
Classic: May 17, 2009
Indev: December 23, 2009
Infdev: February 27, 2010
Alpha: June 30, 2010
Beta: December 20, 2010
Official Release November 18, 2011
Android: October 7, 2011
iOS:November 17, 2011
Xbox 360 May 9, 2012
PS3 December 17, 2013
PS4 September 4, 2014
Xbox One September 5, 2014
PS Vita October 14, 2014
Wii U December 17, 2015
Nintendo Switch May 11, 2017
Genre(s)open world, survival mode
Mode(s)Single-player, Multiplayer

Minecraft is a video game made by Markus "Notch" Persson of Sweden. It was run by a company called Mojang, which was sold to Microsoft in 2015 for $2.5 billion.

Minecraft is an open world survival game where the player can play in a world made of blocks. The player can walk around and break the blocks which make up the interactive landscape. The player can then put the blocks back together to make new constructions.[1] The player uses equipment and tools to break blocks (aka voxels) , such as a pickaxe.

The first version was released for PC players on May 17, 2009. After going through the alpha and beta versions, the full version was released on November 18, 2011. A version for Android was released on October 7, 2011, and an iOS version was released on November 17, 2011. It was officialy released on November 18, 2011 on PC edition.

The game was released on the Xbox 360 as an Xbox Live Arcade game on May 9, 2012. It was released for the PlayStation 3 on December 17, 2013, and for the PlayStation 4 on September 4, 2013. It was available for Xbox One the next day; and for the PlayStation Vita on October 14, 2014. On December 10, 2013, a Windows Phone version was released.[2] Today, there are versions for the game on many platforms, including Windows 10.

History[change | change source]

Minecraft was created as an experiment to test random creation for caves. Minecraft was inspired by Infiniminer, another game created by Zachary Barth. The first version of Minecraft was released on May 17, 2009. The beta was released on December 20, 2010. The full game was released on November 18, 2011. At first, Minecraft was created only by Notch. Other people started to work on it when Persson started an independent video game company called Mojang. Later in 2011, a version of Minecraft named "Pocket Edition" was released for iOS and Android. In 2012, Persson gave Jens Bergensten the job of being the main developer of Minecraft. In 2012, Minecraft came out on the Xbox 360 as a download and was available for 1600 Microsoft Points ($19.99). In 2013, Minecraft came out as a disc for the Xbox 360 and PS3. Versions for the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were released in September 2014. A version for the PlayStation Vita was released in October 2014. The Wii U edition was released in December 2015. In 2017, versions for the Nintendo Switch and the Nintendo New 3DS were released.

Player[change | change source]

There are two main player skins for how one will be seen. They are named Steve [he] and Alex [she].

When a new player signs up, they are given one or the other. They have block shapes, but are designed to look human. Steve has dark brown hair, dark skin, nose and mouth, and blue eyes. He wears a light blue shirt and blue jeans. Alex has long bright orange hair, pale white skin, and dark green eyes. She wears a light-green shirt and brown pants.

A player can change their skin on the Minecraft website. There is a template to create skins, and anyone can use the template and create a completely unique, custom skin.

Gameplay[change | change source]

A grass block
Minecraft blocks
a Diamond Sword

In the game there are 3 major game modes. In Creative, players can create whatever their heart desires. In Survival, your first goal is to survive the night. During the night, monsters come out to fight the player, but players can build a shelter to protect yourself from these monsters. Players can build simple shelters by mining wood logs from trees to survive the night and make weapons to fight back. There are other dimensions like the Nether and the End. In the End is the Ender Dragon, the final boss. After killing it, there are no more goals. There is an option to fight the Wither, another boss players can create as many times as they want. Creepers, a popular symbol of the game, were created when Notch tried to change the pig model and made it taller instead of longer. The game allows creativity, and you can build anything. Players have even built functioning computers.[3] And in adventure, it's just like survival, but you can't break or place blocks.

There are other game modes called Hardcore, which is similar to Survival mode but after you die, you will be banned from the server. In multiplayer when you die, you will be put under spectator mode.

Controls[change | change source]

Computer[change | change source]

The player uses the W, A, S and D keyboard keys to move around by default, but the all of controls can be changed in the menu options. The spacebar is used to jump. The Computer mouse is used to look around, the Left mouse button is used to attack or break blocks. The right mouse button will use an item or place blocks. If you have a middle button on your mouse; simply click it when hovering over a block to "pick" it. You can press I to open up your inventory, an area where you can store objects and create (craft) items. Some of the crafting recipes require a crafting table.

Xbox[change | change source]

The LT (left trigger) is used to place blocks and RT (right trigger) is used to mine (break) them. The LS (left switch) joystick is used to move and RS (right switch) is used to look in different directions. Y can be used to use your inventory. X can be used for crafting (survival mode) creative (creative mode). B can be used to drop items. A can make the player jump or fly (double) but only in creative mode. To stop flying, press A twice and to move down press the down button.

Playstation[change | change source]

Like the Xbox system, L2 (left 2) is used to place blocks and R2 is used to mine them. The L3 (left 3) joystick is used to move and R3 (right 3) is used to look in different directions. Triangle can be used to use your inventory. Square can be used for crafting (survival mode) creative (creative mode). Circle can be used to drop items. X can make the player jump or fly (double) but only in creative mode. To stop flying, press A twice and to move down press the down button. The PS controls are similar on the Playstation Vita but are different in a few ways. Since there is no L1 (left 1) or L2, L (left) can be used to place blocks like L2. There is also no R1 (right 1) or R2 so R (right) can be used to mine blocks simalar to R2. Since you cannot press down L3 and R3, press the up button to change your point of view.

Temples[change | change source]

Temples can not be found in many biomes. There are two types of temples: the desert temple and the jungle temple. Both contain traps and treasure. There is a lever puzzle in the jungle temple that rewards the player with treasure if he/she solves it and a corridor of witch arrows will shoot along. There is also a chest with "pressure plates" that cause TNT to explode if stepped on. The desert temple also has a own puzzle there is a blue clay block in the middle of the room dig through it and there is a hole. Inside of it there is a pressure plate don't step on it otherwise you will be blown up along with the treasure. A similar thing is an "End city," the only place where you can find shulkers.

Game modes[change | change source]

There are 5 game modes in Minecraft.

  • Survival Mode - Added in Minecraft Classic 0.24, the player can gather resources, kill monsters, mine minerals and make items such as tools, armor and weapons, but it is not necessary. The player must gather food in order to survive starvation. If the player dies, they then are given the choice to re-spawn into the game and continue play (usually dropping all the current items held in their inventory unless you have selected to keep inventory[4]) or to return to the main menu of the game.
  • Hardcore Mode -Added in Minecraft 1.0.0, it is the same as "Survival Mode", but with two differences. If the player dies, the world they play in is deleted and they cannot play in that world again. Also, the game is locked on hard difficulty and cannot be changed without any help from a third party program, and if you play in a hardcore server, if you die, you are not allowed to go to the server anymore. In multiplayer when you die, you will be put in Spectator Mode.
  • Creative Mode - Added during development, and re-added in Beta 1.8, the player gets an unlimited number of blocks, and tools. This mode was created to let the player build whatever constructions they wanted to. They do not need to deal with surviving in this mode. You cannot die, monsters won't attack you, you can choose whatever block you want and can even break bedrock, a material that cannot be broken in survival mode.
  • Spectator Mode - Released in version 1.8. This allows players to go into other players viewpoints and "spectate" them. But not just players, players can spectate mobs too. Each mob has its own viewpoint effect. (Ex: Creepers having a green filter, and spiders having a kaleidoscope view, hence their 8 eyes.) Spectating players or mobs is done by right-clicking them. Also, when in this mode, the player has the ability to travel through blocks and can fly. The inventory is invisible, thus making it impossible to place blocks in Spectator mode without modification of Minecraft. You can access Spectator Mode by typing in the chat bar "/gamemode 3".
  • Adventure Mode - This mode is designed for community maps. The only way to access this mode is to enable cheats throughout the more world options, then changing the game mode by typing /gamemode 2 in the chat bar. The player can not place or break blocks, until the release of versions higher than 1.3.2, where they player is able to break blocks when holding the matching tool in their player's hand, this feature is also introduced placing blocks in adventure mode.

In all modes (except Spectator Mode), players can build things such as houses, pixel art and towers. There is also a multiplayer mode, where players can play together over the Internet. This requires the player to enter a server IP address.

Multiplayer[change | change source]

Multiplayer mode, as mentioned above, requires a server address. This is more commonly known as an IP address. Once a player has one of these, they can connect to the server and play with their friends. They can also connect to a server that is very popular and has people the player has never met before. and go on any profile they would like.

The other way is to create a LAN (Local Area Network) world, so people connected to the same Internet connection can play together.

Minecraft Realms[change | change source]

Minecraft Realms are a special version of the original Multiplayer. When buying a "Realm", you can get your own server, but hosted by Mojang. This makes the process of creating a server easier. In Minecraft Realms, there are several "mini-games", which are maps/games created by popular Minecraft users.

Mobs[change | change source]

The Wither
A costume of the Steve skin.
A creeper.

The term "Mob" is short for mobile. Mobs are different kinds of monster, animal, or Non-Player-Characters (NPC). The different types of mobs are:

  • Hostile: These will attack the player on sight. They include Zombies, Skeletons, Wither Skeletons, Slimes, Creepers, Ghasts, the Ender Dragon, the Wither, Blazes, Witches, Zombie Pigmen, Endermen, Magma Cubes, Guardians, Endermites, Shulkers, Husks, Strays, Evokers, Vexes, Vindicators, Drowneds and Phantoms.
  • Passive: These are mostly animals such as Cows, Wolves, Pigs, Ocelots, Bats, Chickens, Horses, Rabbits, Polar bears, Sheep, Parrots, Llamas, Turtles, all Fishs and Mooshrooms (mushroom cows). They will run away when hit. They cannot hurt the player at all.
  • Neutral: These will only attack the player if the player attacks them first. They are Wolves, Dolphins, Spiders (only attack at night unless you hit them during the day), Endermen (attacks if you look at them in the eye), and Iron/Snow Golems.
  • NPCs (non-player characters): This group so far only includes villagers which, like passive mobs, run if hit and cannot hurt the player. They are mobs that will not attack you in any way, and they might even help you.
  • Bosses: These mobs have much more health than normal mobs. They are the Ender Dragon and the Wither. They have different means of fighting the player and drop unique and important items on death.

The Nether[change | change source]

The player can build a nether portal out of 10 blocks of obsidian in a 5x4 grid (not including corners or inside) and go into a different dimension, the Nether. In the nether, they can fight fireball-shooting Ghasts, avoid or fight Zombie Pigmen, attack Magma Cubes, duel Wither Skeletons, search for brewing ingredients, dodge the fiery Blaze, and try not to fall into the lava. The players can find Nether Fortresses where Blazes and Wither Skeletons are common. It is mainly constructed of Netherrack and Nether Brick. Players can also find Quartz Ore.

The End[change | change source]

The player can make an End Portal which will teleport them to a deadly realm. The only way to find a portal is by using ender pearls (dropped by endermen) and spamming them at the roof, but this is somewhat "cheating" however most people do it anyway. If they can fend off Endermen and kill the Ender Dragon, they will be shown the credits screen, which also shows a backstory. They can still play after defeating the dragon. After players kill the Ender Dragon it drops a black egg with purple spots which can't be moved easily, but you can move it with a piston or by placing a torch two blocks underneath the egg and breaking the block between.[5] Unlike the Wither, the Ender Dragon can only be fought once. In the Console Edition two of the Ender Dragon's health regenerators, known as Ender Crystals, are in iron bars. As of 1.9, you will be able to respawn the dragon, and the main end island will have other islands surrounding it, with about a 1000 block wide gap in between, but this can be easily bypassed with a portal that teleports you to the surrounding islands.

The Community[change | change source]

Minecraft has a very large community with multiple fan forums and community servers. The Minecraft community is also one of the largest on YouTube with multiple online personalities creating parody songs, having it's own miniature culture, creative videos mimicking Minecraft counterparts such as mobs, building, PVP and other aspects of Minecraft

Other editions of Minecraft[change | change source]

Minecraft: Pocket/Bedrock Edition[change | change source]

On October 7, 2011, Minecraft Pocket Edition was released for Android. On November 17, 2011, Minecraft Pocket Edition was released for iOS. On July 29, 2015, Minecraft Pocket edition 0.12.1 was released, which added support for Windows 10. On December 19, 2016, Minecraft Pocket Edition was released officialy (aka the Ender Update), which added some features from Minecraft 1.0.0 and Minecraft 1.9 (aka the Combat Update). On September 20, 2017, Minecraft Pocket Edition got a nickname called Bedrock Edition.

Minecraft Console editions[change | change source]

On May 9, 2012, Minecraft Xbox 360 edition was released. On December 17, 2013, Minecraft Playstation 3 edition was released. On September 4, 2014, Minecraft Playstation 4 edition was released. On September 5, 2014, Minecraft Xbox One edition was released. In 2015, Minecraft for the Wii U was released.

Handheld editions[change | change source]

On October 14, 2014, Minecraft PlayStation Vita edition was released. On May 11, 2017, Minecraft for New Nintendo 3DS was released.

References[change | change source]

  1. Ashdown, Jeremy (11 November 2010). "This is Minecraft". IGN. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  2. "Pocket Edition comes to Windows phones". mojang.com. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  3. legomasta99 (2016-12-23), [Minecraft Computer Engineering] - Quad-Core Redstone Computer v4.0 [200 sub special!], retrieved 2018-07-12
  4. "Keep items in inventory on death in Minecraft". stackexchange.com.
  5. Chatfield, Tom (9 January 2012). ""Ending an endless game: an interview with Julian Gough, author of Minecraft's epic finale"". Boing Boing. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2018.

Other websites leading to Minecraft related sites[change | change source]