San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic

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San Cristóbal
San Cristóbal is located in Dominican Republic
San Cristóbal
Coordinates: 18°25′12″N 70°06′36″W / 18.42°N 70.11°W / 18.42; -70.11Coordinates: 18°25′12″N 70°06′36″W / 18.42°N 70.11°W / 18.42; -70.11
Country  Dominican Republic
Province San Cristóbal
Municipal Districts 1
 • Total 226.52 km2 (87.46 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 33 m (108 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 232,769
 • Density 1,027.6/km2 (2,661/sq mi)
 • Urban 139,071
  Including populations of its municipal district
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 35 km (22 mi) to Baní
26 km (16 mi) to Santo Domingo

San Cristóbal is a Dominican city and the head municipality of the San Cristóbal province.

The city is only 26 km from the national capital and, because of that, it is a city where many people live but work at Santo Domingo.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 232,769: 115,126 men and 117,643 women. The urban population was 59.75% of the total population. In these numbers are included the population of Hato Damas, the only municipal district of the municipality of San Cristóbal. The population of the city of San Cristóbal without that municipal districts was 216,875.[3]

History[change | change source]

Since colonial times, there were many farms in the region; the main crop was sugarcane. There were several sugar factories with slaves.

But the town was founded during the first years of the 18th century by a Catholic priest: Juan de Jesús Fabian Ayala y García.

In 1822, the town was made a municipality by the Haitian government. In 1844, after the Dominican independence from Haiti, the city was made a municipality of the old Santo Domingo province.

The first Dominican constitution was written in San Cristóbal in 1844.

In 1932, San Cristóbal was made the head municipality of the new Trujillo Province; it had the name of Trujillo after the dictator Rafael Trujillo who was born in San Cristóbal. After Trujillo's death, the province was given the name of the main city: San Cristóbal.

Geography[change | change source]

San Cristóbal with Santo Domingo in the background

San Cristóbal is in a small valley; the valley has small hills around it except along the River Nigua. Nigua is the most important river of the region; another river is Yubazo or Blanco, a tributary of Nigua.

The municipality has a total area of 226.52 km2.[1] It has only one municipal district (subdivisions of a municipality): Hato Damas.[4]

The municipality of San Cristóbal has the municipality of Villa Altagracia to the north, the Santo Domingo province and the municipality of Bajos de Haina to the east, the municipality of Nigua and the Caribbean Sea to the south and the municipality of Yaguate to the west.

Economy[change | change source]

There are several important industries in San Cristóbal, of different kinds. But most people work in Santo Domingo, Bajos de Haina or Nigua where there are more jobs.

Farming is not so important now as it used to be but many people grow different crops.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este