San Fernando de Monte Cristi

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Monte Cristi
San Fernando de Monte Cristi
Monte Cristi is located in Dominican Republic
Monte Cristi
Coordinates: 19°51′0″N 71°39′0″W / 19.85°N 71.65°W / 19.85; -71.65Coordinates: 19°51′0″N 71°39′0″W / 19.85°N 71.65°W / 19.85; -71.65
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Monte Cristi
Municipal Districts 0
Founded 1533
Municipality since
 • Total 535.87 km2 (206.90 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 24,644
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Urban 15,141
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym(s) Montecristeño
(female, montecristeña)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 115 km (71 mi) to Santiago
270 km (170 mi) to Santo Domingo

San Fernando de Monte Cristi, usually just Monte Cristi, is a Dominican city and the head municipality of the Monte Cristi province, in the northwest of the country.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The name comes from the name given by Columbus on 4 January 1493 to the mountain known now as El Morro: Monte Cristo or Monte Christi (in English, "Mountain of Christ").[4]

The name of the city has been written of different ways: Monte Cristi (Columbus), Monte Cristo (Ferdinand Columbus), Monte Christi or Monte Christo (Las Casas), Monte Cristy and Montecristi. But the name most used is Monte Cristi.[5]

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2002, a total population of 24,644: 12,892 men and 11,752 women. The urban population was 61.44% of the total population.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Monte Cristi is in the northwestern end of the Cibao Valley, near the Montecristi Bay. The city is just to the north of the mouth of the River Yaque del Norte.

To the north of the city is the western end of the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"); the last mountain of this mountain range is El Morro.

The municipality has a total area of 535.87 km².[1] The region around the city is very dry and hot.

History[change | change source]

The city was founded by Juan de Bolaños in 1533;[6] but Rodríguez says that it was in 1545 by Francisco Mesa.[5] Some families from the Canary Islands came to live here. Because it was too dry and hot, there was not possibility of any kind of farming, except some cattle raising, and the city was developed as a port.

Economy[change | change source]

The most important economic activities in the municipality are fishing and salt production. Farming is important near the River Yaque del Norte, and the main crops are bananas and rice.

Tourism is also important here, with the different beaches near the city and people that come here to fish.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Columbus, Christopher; de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Rodriguez Demorizi, Emilio (1972). Relaciones Geográficas de Santo Domingo, vol. I. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía. pp. 284-285.
  6. Pouerié Cordero, M.M. (1997) (in Spanish). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este