San Fernando de Monte Cristi

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Monte Cristi
Municipality
San Fernando de Monte Cristi
El Zapato ("Small shoe"), El Morro, Monte Cristi
El Zapato ("Small shoe"), El Morro, Monte Cristi
Monte Cristi is located in Dominican Republic
Monte Cristi
Coordinates: 19°51′0″N 71°39′0″W / 19.85°N 71.65°W / 19.85; -71.65Coordinates: 19°51′0″N 71°39′0″W / 19.85°N 71.65°W / 19.85; -71.65
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Monte Cristi
Founded 1533
Municipality since
1822
Area[1]
 • Total 517.4 km2 (199.8 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 24,644
 • Density 47.630/km2 (123.362/sq mi)
 • Urban 15,141
Demonym(s) Montecristeño
(female, montecristeña)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 115 km (71 mi) to Santiago
270 km (170 mi) to Santo Domingo

San Fernando de Monte Cristi, usually just Monte Cristi, is a Dominican city and the head municipality of the Monte Cristi province, in the northwest of the country.

Name[change | change source]

The name comes from the name given by Columbus on 4 January 1493 to the mountain known now as El Morro: Monte Cristo or Monte Christi ("Mountain of Christ").[3]

The name of the city has been written of different ways: Monte Cristi (Columbus), Monte Cristo (Ferdinand Columbus), Monte Christi or Monte Christo (Las Casas), Monte Cristy and Montecristi. But the name most used is Monte Cristi.[4]

When the city was founded again in 1751, the name was changed to the present one, San Fernando de Monte Cristi, after Ferdinand VI, King of Spain.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 24,644: 12,892 men and 11,752 women. The urban population was 61.4% of the total population.[1]

History[change | change source]

The city was founded by Juan de Bolaños in 1533;[5] but Rodríguez says that it was in 1545 by Francisco Mesa.[4] Some families from the Canary Islands came to live here. Because it was too dry and hot, there was not possibility of any kind of farming, except some cattle raising, and the city was developed as a port.

The town was destroyed in 1606 by order of the Spanish government and the inhabitants were moved, together with the inhabitants of Puerto Plata inhabitants, away from the northern coast to form the new town of Monte Plata. In 1751, Monte Cristi was founded again by order of the king Ferdinand VI of Spain.[6]

Geography[change | change source]

Monte Cristi is in the northwestern end of the Cibao Valley, near the Montecristi Bay. The city is just to the north of the mouth of the River Yaque del Norte.

To the north of the city is the western end of the Cordillera Septentrional ("Northern mountain range"); the last mountain of this range is El Morro.

The municipality has a total area of 517.4 km2 (199.8 sq mi) 535.87.[1] The region around the city is very dry and hot.

The altitude of the city of Monte Cristi is 16 m (52 ft) above sea level.[2]

Climate[change | change source]

Monte Cristi has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: As) with a pronounced dry season on summer, and an wet season on winter.[7]

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 672.1 mm (26.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 108.2 mm (4.3 in) of rainfall, followed by December with 84.1 mm (3.3 in).

The driest season is summer. The month with the least rainfall on average is July with an average of 21.5 mm (0.8 in) followed by August, 28.1 mm (1.1 in).

Monte Cristi is in a warm region; the average temperature for the year is 26.5 °C (80 °F). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 24.1 °C (75.38 °F).

Climate data for Monte Cristi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
32.7
(90.9)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
31.48
(88.67)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.1
(77.2)
25.8
(78.4)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.3
(82.9)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.5
(76.1)
26.48
(79.67)
Average low °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
19.6
(67.3)
20.1
(68.2)
21.1
(70)
22.2
(72)
23.0
(73.4)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.4
(72.3)
21.3
(70.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.51
(70.72)
Rainfall mm (inches) 73.8
(2.906)
47.3
(1.862)
47.7
(1.878)
59.0
(2.323)
59.8
(2.354)
40.1
(1.579)
21.5
(0.846)
28.1
(1.106)
34.8
(1.37)
67.7
(2.665)
108.2
(4.26)
84.1
(3.311)
672.1
(26.461)
Source #1: NOAA[8]
Source #2: Climatemps.com[7]

Economy[change | change source]

The most important economic activities in the municipality are fishing and salt production. Farming is important near the River Yaque del Norte, and the main crops are bananas and rice.

Tourism is also important here, with the different beaches near the city and people that come here for fishing.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. Columbus, Christopher; de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Rodriguez Demorizi, Emilio (1972). Relaciones Geográficas de Santo Domingo, vol. I. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía. pp. 284-285.
  5. Pouerié Cordero, M.M. (1997) (in Spanish). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.
  6. "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Monte Cristi Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. http://www.monte-cristi.climatemps.com/. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  8. "Monte Cristi Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/TABLES/REG_IV/DR/00000023.TXT. Retrieved 16 November 2016.


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