Santa Cruz de Barahona

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Barahona
Municipality
Santa Cruz de Barahona
Barahona is located in Dominican Republic
Barahona
Coordinates: 18°12′30″N 71°06′0″W / 18.20833°N 71.1°W / 18.20833; -71.1Coordinates: 18°12′30″N 71°06′0″W / 18.20833°N 71.1°W / 18.20833; -71.1
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Barahona
Municipal Districts 3
Founded 1802
Municipality since
1858
Area
 • Total 76.1 km2 (29.4 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 62,054
 • Density 815.4/km2 (2,111.9/sq mi)
 • Urban 61,368
Demonym(s) Barahonero
(female, barahonera)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance: 80 km (50 mi) to Azua
200 km (120 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Santa Cruz de Barahona, or simply Barahona, is the head municipality of the Barahona province, on the southwest of the country.

It is the largest city of the Dominican southwest and the centre of the region.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 62,054: 30,799 men and 31,255 women. The urban population was 98.9% of the total population, one of the most urban municipality in the country.[2]

History[change | change source]

Since the 18th century, the region was occupied by fishermen and people that came here to cut trees. When Toussaint L'Ouverture took the eastern part of the Hispaniola island in the name of France, he gave the order to create the town of Barahona in 1802 as part of the Ozama Department.[3]

After the Independence in 1844, Barahona was a military post of the Azua Province.

In 1858, Barahona was elevated to the category of municipality. When the province was created in 1881, Barahona was made its head municipality.

Geography[change | change source]

The city of Santa Cruz de Barahona is in a plain along the coast, in the lower valley of the Yaque del Sur river. Part of the municipality is on the mountains of Sierra de Bahoruco.

Barahona is at 200 km (124 mi) to the west of Santo Domingo. The limits of the municipality are the municipality of Fundación to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, the municipality of La Ciénaga to the south and the municipality of Cabral to the west.

Climate[change | change source]

Barahona has a tropical wet and dry/savanna climate (Köppen climate classification : Aw).[4] The climate on the mountains of the Sierra de Baoruco, where there are some rainforests, is cooler and more wet.

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 1,019 mm (40.1 in). Most rains fall during the end of summer. The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 185 mm (7.3 in) of rainfall, followed by May with 169 mm (6.7 in).

The driest season is winter. The month with the least rainfall on average is February with an average of 29 mm (1.1 in) and the second is January with 30 mm (1.2 in).

Barahona is in a warm region; the average temperature for the year is 26 °C (79 °F). The warmest months, on average, are July and August with an average temperature of 28 °C (82.4 °F). The coolest months on average are December, January and February, with an average temperature of 25 °C (77.0 °F).

Climate data for Barahona (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
30
(86)
30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.5
(88.7)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.43
(86.78)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
25
(77)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
28
(82)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.44
(79.6)
Average low °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
21.6
(70.9)
22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
24
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
20.7
(69.3)
22.44
(72.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 30.4
(1.197)
29.3
(1.154)
45.1
(1.776)
64.1
(2.524)
168.5
(6.634)
129.5
(5.098)
38.1
(1.5)
65.1
(2.563)
143.7
(5.657)
184.9
(7.28)
75.6
(2.976)
44.4
(1.748)
1,018.7
(40.106)
Source #1: NOAA[5]
Source #2: Climatemps.com[4]

Administrative division[change | change source]

The municipality of Santa Cruz de Barahona has three municipal districts;[2] these are:

Municipal districts of Barahona
Code Municipal district Population
(2010)
040102 El Cachón 2,046
040103 La Guázara 1,892
040104 Villa Central 17,627

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main product in the municipality is a very good coffee ("Barahona Type Coffee"), grown in the mountains of Eastern Bahoruco.

There are also some important industries, mainly to produce textiles to send to other countries, and sugar in the Ingenio Barahona ("Barahona Sugar Factory").

There is a port in the city; it is used to send coffee and sugar to other countries.

References[change | change source]

  1. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  3. López Reyes, Oscar (1999) (in Spanish). Historia del desarrollo de Barahona: Narración e interpretación. Santo Domingo: Mediabyte.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Barahona Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. http://www.barahona-do.climatemps.com/. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  5. "Barahona Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/TABLES/REG_IV/DR/78482.TXT. Retrieved 30 September 2016.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este