Azua Province

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Coordinates: 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Azua
Province
Ayuntamiento de azua.jpg
Country  Dominican Republic
Development region Valdesia (V)
Capital Azua de Compostela
 - elevation 83 m (272 ft)
 - coordinates 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Lowest point Caribbean Sea
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Area 2,682.5 km² (1,036 sq mi)
Population 214,311 (2010) [1]
Density 80 /km² (207 /sq mi)
Province since 1844
Subdivisions 10 municipalities
22 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
4 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-02
Location of the Azua Province
Location of the Azua Province

Azua is a Dominican province; it is in the southern part of the country, along the Caribbean coast. Its capital is Azua de Compostela.

After the Dominican independence from Haiti, Azua was one of the five original provinces of the country; all the southwestern part of the country was part of this province, including some regions that now are part of Haiti.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province takes the name from its capital city, Azua de Compostela. Azua was the Taíno name of the region where the city was founded

Location[change | change source]

Azua has the La Vega province to the northeast, the San José de Ocoa and Peravia provinces to the east, the Caribbean Sea to the south, the Barahona and Baoruco provinces to the west, and the San Juan province to the northwest.

History[change | change source]

There were people living in the region since a very long time, most of them along the coast. When the Spanish people came here, only Taínos were living here.[2]

During colonial times, Azua de Compostela was one of the most important city of the Hispaniola island because there were several factories to produce sugar. Hernán Cortés, conquistador of Mexico, was one of the persons who lived here for some time.[3]

After the independence in 1844, there were several important battles in this region between the Haitian and Dominican armies and Azua de Compostela was burned several times by the Haitian armies.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 214,311 people living in the Azua province, and 165,703 (77.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 84.6 persons/km².[1]

Its population represents 2.3% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Azua de Compostela, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 59,319 inhabitants.[1]

Geography[change | change source]

The Azua province has a total area of 2,682.5 km2 (1,035.7 sq mi).[1] It has 5.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 5th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province. The altitude of Azua de Compostela, provincial capital, is 83 m (272 ft).[4]

Most of the Azua province is in a very dry valley (the Azua Valley or Azua Plain); cacti and other plants of dry regions are common in this valley.

The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain range") runs along the northern half of the province. To the east, there is the Sierra de Ocoa (part of the Cordillera Central) that separates this province from the Peravia province. To the west, there are the Sierra Martín García and Sierra de Neiba.

The most important rivers are the Yaque del Sur and its tributaries Las Cuevas and Grande or Del Medio. Other rivers are Ocoa, Jura and Vía (that flows through the city of Azua de Compostela).

The only important road in the province is the Carretera Sánchez (Sánchez National Road) that goes through the southern part of the province; the road goes from Santo Domingo to the western part of the country, to the border with Haiti.

The other roads are not so important and they go from the different municipalities or municipal districts to the Carretera Sánchez or to the city of Azua de Compostela.

The Azua port is in the municipal district of Puerto Viejo; it is a small port.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are 10 municipalities and 22 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[1] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of the Azua province
Municipality (code) Municipal Districts (code) Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Density Altitude
(m)
Azua de Compostela (020101) 59,319 14.4 4,119.4 22
Barro Arriba (020102) 5,262 35.8 147.0 172
Las Barías-La Estancia (020103) 6,882 13.5 509.8 37
Los Jovillos (020104) 5,962 46.9 127.1 44
Puerto Viejo (020105) 2,194 56.1 39.1 6
Barreras (020106) 2,364 97.8 24.2 129
Doña Emma Balaguer Vda. Vallejo (020107) 2,759 8.2 336.5 43
Clavellina (020108) 2,672 44.6 59.9 42
Las Lomas (020109) 3,931 99.0 39.7 582
Azua de Compostela (020100) 91,345 416.3 219.4
Las Charcas (020201) 8,191 187.6 43.7 137
Palmar de Ocoa (020202) 3,052 59.4 51.4 10
Hatillo (020203)[N 1] 70
Las Charcas (020200)) 11,243 247.0 45.5
Las Yayas de Viajama (020301) 6,358 91.1 69.8 226
Villarpando (020302) 7,160 154.8 46.3 357
Hato Nuevo Cortés (020303) 4,102 185.2 22.1 237
Las Yayas de Viajama (020300) 17,620 431.1 40.9
Padre Las Casas (020401) 8,487 128.0 66.3 1,030
Las Lagunas (020402) 4,290 247.9 17.3 904
La Siembra (020403) 1,538 37.6 40.9 907
Monte Bonito (020404) 3,291 114.3 28.8 1,107
Los Fríos (020405) 2,435 46.1 52.8 1,061
Padre Las Casas (020400) 20,041 573.9 34.9
Peralta (020501) 15,257 129.4 117.9 1,184
Peralta (020500) 15,257 129.4 117.9
Sabana Yegua (020601) 10,313 1.6 6,445.6 130
Proyecto 4 (020602) 3,584 13.3 269.5 43
Ganadero (020603) 2,240 3.2 700.0 52
Proyecto 2-C (020604) 2,883 95.7 30.1 84
Sabana Yegua (020600) 19,020 113.8 167.1
Pueblo Viejo (020701) 7,191 34.5 208.4 15
El Rosario (020702) 4,044 13.6 297.4 13
Pueblo Viejo (020700) 11,235 48.1 233.6
Tábara Arriba (020801) 3,066 17.0 180.4 316
Tábara Abajo (020802) 5,423 165.0 32.9 131
Amiama Gómez (020803) 2,765 15.4 179.5 373
Los Toros (020804) 6,393 77.3 82.7 235
Tábara Arriba (020800) 17,647 274.7 64.2
Guayabal (020901) 5,263 235.6 22.3 727
Guayabal (020900) 5,263 235.6 22.3
Estebanía (020911) 5,640 212.7 26.5 81
Estebanía (02910) 5,640 212.7 26.5
Azua province (020000) 214,311 2,682.5 79.9
  1. At the moment of the 2010 census, Hatillo was part of Las Charcas.

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the province is farming. In the valley, the most important crops are and the main products are banana, plantain, vegetables and fruits like mango. High on the northern mountains, coffee and beans are important products.

Fishing is important along the Caribbean coast.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers.
  3. Matos González, Ramiro (1995) (in Spanish). Azua Documental (y Apuntes Históricos). Santo Domingo: Editora Alfa & Omega.
  4. "Azua". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3512208/azua.html. Retrieved 14 September 2016.