Azua Province

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Coordinates: 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Azua
Province of the Dominican Republic
Ayuntamiento de azua.jpg
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Azua de Compostela
 - elevation 83 m (272 ft)
 - coordinates 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Lowest point Caribbean Sea
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Area 2,682.5 km² (1,036 sq mi) [1]
Population 214,311 (2010) [2]
Density 80 /km² (207 /sq mi)
Province since 1844
Subdivisions 10 municipalities
22 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
4 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-02
Location of the Azua Province, in red
Location of the Azua Province, in red

Azua is a Dominican province; it is in the southern part of the country, along the Caribbean coast. Its capital is Azua de Compostela.

After the Dominican independence from Haiti, Azua was one of the five original provinces of the country; all the southwestern part of the country was part of this province, including some regions that now are part of Haiti.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province takes the name from its capital city, Azua de Compostela. Azua was the Taíno name of the region where the city was founded

Location[change | change source]

Azua has the La Vega province to the northeast, the San José de Ocoa and Peravia provinces to the east, the Caribbean Sea to the south, the Barahona and Baoruco provinces to the west, and the San Juan province to the northwest.

History[change | change source]

There were people living in the region since a very long time, most of them along the coast. When the Spanish people came here, only Taínos were living here.[3]

During colonial times, Azua de Compostela was one of the most important city of the Hispaniola island because there were several factories to produce sugar. Hernán Cortés, conquistador of Mexico, was one of the persons who lived here for some time.[4]

After the independence in 1844, there were several important battles in this region between the Haitian and Dominican armies and Azua de Compostela was burned several times by the Haitian armies.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 214,311 people living in the Azua province, and 165,703 (77.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 84.6 persons/km².[2]

Its population represents 2.3% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Azua de Compostela, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 59,319 inhabitants.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

The Azua province has a total area of 2,531.77 km2 (977.5 sq mi).[1] It has 5.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 5th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province. The altitude of Azua de Compostela, provincial capital, is 83 m (272 ft).[5]

Most of the Azua province is in a very dry valley (the Azua Valley or Azua Plain); cacti and other plants of dry regions are common in this valley.

The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain range") runs along the northern half of the province. To the east, there is the Sierra de Ocoa (part of the Cordillera Central) that separates this province from the Peravia province. To the west, there are the Sierra Martín García and Sierra de Neiba.

The most important rivers are the Yaque del Sur and its tributaries Las Cuevas and Grande or Del Medio. Other rivers are Ocoa, Jura and Vía (that flows through the city of Azua de Compostela).

The only important road in the province is the Carretera Sánchez (Sánchez National Road) that goes through the southern part of the province; the road goes from Santo Domingo to the western part of the country, to the border with Haiti.

The other roads are not so important and they go from the different municipalities or municipal districts to the Carretera Sánchez or to the city of Azua de Compostela.

The Azua port is in the municipal district of Puerto Viejo; it is a small port.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are ten municipalities and 22 municipal districts in the province.[2] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of the Azua province
Municipality (code) Municipal Districts (code) Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Density Altitude
(m)
Azua (020100) 91,345 432.95 211.0
Azua de Compostela (020101)[N 1] 59,319 83
Barro Arriba (020102) 5,262 172
Las Barías-La Estancia (020103) 6,882 37
Los Jovillos (020104) 5,962 44
Puerto Viejo (020105) 2,194 6
Barreras (020106) 2,364 129
Emma Balaguer Vda. Vallejo (020107) 2,759 43
Clavellina (020108) 2,672 42
Las Lomas (020109) 3,931 582
Las Charcas (020200) 11,243 240.31 46.8
Las Charcas (020201)[N 1] 8,191 137
Palmar de Ocoa (020202) 3,052 10
Hatillo (020203)[N 2] 70
Las Yayas de Viajama (020300) 17,620 422.72 41.7
Las Yayas de Viajama (020301)[N 1] 6,358 226
Villarpando (020302) 7,160 357
Hato Nuevo Cortés (020303) 4,102 237
Padre Las Casas (020400) 20,041 422.72 35.1
Padre Las Casas (020401)[N 1] 8,487 1,030
Las Lagunas (020402) 4,290 904
La Siembra (020403) 1,538 907
Los Fríos (020404) 2,435 1,061
Monte Bonito 3,291 1,107
Peralta (040500) 15,257 135.94 112.2
Peralta (040501) 15,25 1,184
Sabana Yegua (020600) 19,020 111.03 171.3
Sabana Yegua (020601)[N 1] 10,31 130
Proyecto 4 (020602) 3,584 43
Ganadero (020603) 2,240 52
Proyecto 2-C (020604) 2,883 84
Pueblo Viejo (020700) 11,235 45.38 247.6
Pueblo Viejo (020701)[N 1] 7,191 45.38 15
El Rosario (020702) 4,044 13
Tábara Arriba (020800) 17,647 283.35 62.3
Tábara Arriba (020801) 3,066 316
Tábara Abajo (020802) 5,423 131
Amiama Gómez (020803) 2,765 373
Los Toros (020804) 6,393 235
Guayabal (020900) 5,263 249.25 21.1
Guayabal (020901) 5,263 727
Estebanía (02910) 5,640 188.30 30.0
Estebanía (020911) 5,640 81
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Without the populations of the municipal districts that are part of the municipality.
  2. At the moment of the 2010 census, Hatillo was part of Las Charcas.


There are ten municipalities and 22 municipal districts in the province.[2] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of the Azua province
Municipality (code) Municipal Districts (code) Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Density Altitude
(m)
Azua (020100) 91,345 432.95 211.0
Azua de Compostela (020101)[N 1] 59,319 83
Barro Arriba (020102) 5,262 172
Las Barías-La Estancia (020103) 6,882 37
Los Jovillos (020104) 5,962 44
Puerto Viejo (020105) 2,194 6
Barreras (020106) 2,364 129
Emma Balaguer Vda. Vallejo (020107) 2,759 43
Clavellina (020108) 2,672 42
Las Lomas (020109) 3,931 582
Las Charcas (020200) 11,243 240.31 46.8
Las Charcas (020201)[N 1] 8,191 137
Palmar de Ocoa (020202) 3,052 10
Hatillo (020203)[N 2] 70
Las Yayas de Viajama (020300) 17,620 422.72 41.7
Las Yayas de Viajama (020301)[N 1] 6,358 226
Villarpando (020302) 7,160 357
Hato Nuevo Cortés (020303) 4,102 237
Padre Las Casas (020400) 20,041 422.72 35.1
Padre Las Casas (020401)[N 1] 8,487 1,030
Las Lagunas (020402) 4,290 904
La Siembra (020403) 1,538 907
Los Fríos (020404) 2,435 1,061
Monte Bonito 3,291 1,107
Peralta (040500) 15,257 135.94 112.2
Peralta (040501) 15,25 1,184
Sabana Yegua (020600) 19,020 111.03 171.3
Sabana Yegua (020601)[N 1] 10,31 130
Proyecto 4 (020602) 3,584 43
Ganadero (020603) 2,240 52
Proyecto 2-C (020604) 2,883 84
Pueblo Viejo (020700) 11,235 45.38 247.6
Pueblo Viejo (020701)[N 1] 7,191 45.38 15
El Rosario (020702) 4,044 13
Tábara Arriba (020800) 17,647 283.35 62.3
Tábara Arriba (020801) 3,066 316
Tábara Abajo (020802) 5,423 131
Amiama Gómez (020803) 2,765 373
Los Toros (020804) 6,393 235
Guayabal (020900) 5,263 249.25 21.1
Guayabal (020901) 5,263 727
Estebanía (02910) 5,640 188.30 30.0
Estebanía (020911) 5,640 81
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Without the populations of the municipal districts that are part of the municipality.
  2. At the moment of the 2010 census, Hatillo was part of Las Charcas.


Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the province is farming. In the valley, the most important crops are and the main products are banana, plantain, vegetables and fruits like mango. High on the northern mountains, coffee and beans are important products.

Fishing is important along the Caribbean coast.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Síntesis Geográfica (Avance del Atlas Nacional)" (in Spanish) (PDF). Consejo Nacional de Reforma del Estado (CONARE). http://www.educando.edu.do/Userfiles/P0001/File/mapa_RD_dec_710-04.pdf. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers.
  4. Matos González, Ramiro (1995) (in Spanish). Azua Documental (y Apuntes Históricos). Santo Domingo: Editora Alfa & Omega.
  5. "Azua". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3512208/azua.html. Retrieved 14 September 2016.