Azua Province

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Coordinates: 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Azua de Compostela
 - elevation 83 m (272 ft)
 - coordinates 18°27′00″N 70°44′00″W / 18.45°N 70.7333333°W / 18.45; -70.7333333
Area 2,531.77 km² (978 sq mi)
Population 214,311 (2010) [1]
Density 85 /km² (220 /sq mi)
Province since 1844
Subdivisions 10 municipalities
22 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
4 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-02
Location of the Azua Province
Location of the Azua Province

Azua is a Dominican province; it is in the southern part of the country, along the Caribbean coast. Its capital city is Azua de Compostela.

After the Dominican independence from Haiti, Azua was one of the five original provinces of the country; all the southwestern part of the country was part of this province, including some regions that now are part of Haiti.

Location[change | change source]

Azua has the La Vega province to the northeast, the San José de Ocoa and Peravia provinces to the east, the Caribbean Sea to the south, the Barahona and Baoruco provinces to the west, and the San Juan province to the northwest.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province takes the name from its capital city, Azua de Compostela. Azua was the Taíno name of the region where the city was founded.

History[change | change source]

There were people living in the region since a very long time, most of them along the coast. When the Spanish people came here, only Taínos were living here.[2]

During colonial times, Azua de Compostela was one of the most important city of the Hispaniola island because there were several factories to produce sugar. Hernán Cortés, conquistador of Mexico, was one of the persons who lived here for some time.[3]

After the independence in 1844, there were several important battles in this region between the Haitian and Dominican armies and Azua de Compostela was burned several times by the Haitian armies.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 214,311 people living in the Azua province, and 165,703 (77.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 84.6 persons/km².[4]

Its population represents 2.3% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Azua de Compostela, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 59,319 inhabitants.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The Azua province has a total area of 2,531.77 km².[5] It has 5.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 5th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.

Most of the Azua province is in a very dry valley (the Azua Valley or Azua Plain); cacti and other plants of dry regions are common in this valley.

The Cordillera Central (in English, "Central mountain range") runs along the northern half of the province. To the east, there is the Sierra de Ocoa (part of the Cordillera Central) that separates this province from the Peravia province. To the west, there are the Sierra Martín García and Sierra de Neiba.

The most important rivers are the Yaque del Sur and its tributaries Las Cuevas and Grande or Del Medio. Other rivers are Ocoa, Jura and Vía (that flows through the city of Azua de Compostela).

The only important road in the province is the Carretera Sánchez (Sánchez National Road) that goes through the southern part of the province; the road goes from Santo Domingo to the western part of the country, to the border with Haiti.

The other roads are not so important and they go from the different municipalities or municipal districts to the Carretera Sánchez or to the city of Azua de Compostela.

The Azua port is in the municipal district of Puerto Viejo; it is a small port.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are ten municipalities and 22 municipal districts in the province.[6] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the province is farming. In the valley, the most important crops are and the main products are banana, plantain, vegetables and fruits like mango. High on the northern mountains, coffee and beans are important products.

Fishing is important along the Caribbean coast.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers.
  3. Matos González, Ramiro (1995) (in Spanish). Azua Documental (y Apuntes Históricos). Santo Domingo: Editora Alfa & Omega.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  5. Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadística
  6. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.